ACON - VA/NC/SC
The Atlantic Coast Observer Network:   Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina
http://members.cox.net/wxr/acon.htm

SUMMARY OF CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA 
DECEMBER 2004

...TEMPERATURES:
Generally Slightly Above Normal in Virginia,
Mix of Above and Below Normal in North Carolina,
Below Normal in South Carolina...

...PRECIPITATION:
Mostly Below Normal Across the 3-state Region
SNOWSTORM Hits Southeastern Virginia and Northeastern North Carolina...

A look at your and NWS reports shows a month of with fairly close to normal readings for temperatures and precip, although there were some exceptions. While temps across South Carolina were generally below normal, temperatures in North Carolina were mixed with regard to departure from normal and in Virginia, average temps were above normal for the most part, but only by a slight degree. Interestingly, temps were some 2 above normal in northwestern and northern Virginia southward through north central North Carolina but fell off to 2 below normal in south central and coastal North Carolina.

As temps dropped off considerably compared with earlier above normal readings in late fall, so did precipitation amounts. In Virginia, most departures were within an inch of normal (below and above) while departures below normal in North Carolina approached 1.5-2". In South Carolina, several stations were above 2" in deficiency. A big exception was found in Greenville-Spartanburg where 6.48" of rain fell, some 2.62" above normal. Anderson had over 4" of rain, but that was only 0.72" above normal.

Most of the three-state area was snow starved this month. Many western areas within the region which normally have small snowfalls in late fall and early winter went without this December. But in southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina , the kids had their snowboards out big time! A surprise snowstorm developed on the 26th when abundant moisture rode up the coastal plains of the Southeast US and collided with cold dry air that had settled in the previous two days from high pressure to the west and north. A strong boundary front developed over central northeast North Carolina through western Hampton Roads to the lower Peninsula areas extending east to York County, Virginia. Tremendous atmospheric lift was produced right along this boundary. Within just a few miles on either side of the front, the heaviest moisture fell in the form of snow with reports of up to 16 inches, all coming in an 8-10 hour time frame. Only a few miles to the north and south of the boundary, snowfall totals fell off rapidly. In fact, both Williamsburg and Wakefield had only 3" of snow, just a few miles to the west and north of Hampton, Newport News, and York County where many totals reached 10-13", similar to the totals in portions of the Ahoskie, North Carolina and Suffolk, Virginia areas. And in southside Hampton Roads, Virginia Beach reported only 3" while Portsmouth reported 5 inches, as did Norfolk. Satellite maps and snowfall totals are depicted at the NWS websites and in the North Carolina Summary for December 2004 from RAH, Raleigh to which a link is provided below (see Raleigh).

  • THE PASSING OF JOHN BULLOCK - We have received word from his daughter that longtime but inactive member John Bullock of Louisa, Virginia has recently died. In 2001, John informed us that as he was growing older he simply could not make the venture to the backyard to take his readings any longer. He was pleased that Joe Bowers was also an observer in Louisa and would continue providing data from that location.


  •   2004 ATLANTIC HURRICANE SUMMARY - http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/2004/hurricanes04.html


  •   HPC DAILY FORECAST ARCHIVE [MAPS] - http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/noaa/


  • U.S. DAILY WEATHER MAPS PROJECT   Looking for that NOAA Daily Weather Map for a given date since 1871? Look no further! Visit the NOAA Central Library U.S. Daily Weather Maps Project [1871-2001] at http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/rescue/dwm/data_rescue_daily_weather_maps.html. A link to maps for 2002 to the present is found at the top of the page. Great resource! Note: You will need to download and install a small program in order to view the maps.


  • REMINDER All National Weather Service station data listed herein is preliminary and may be subject to change.  The data has not been certified and cannot be used in legal actions.  Only reports certified by the National Climatic Data Center in Asheville, NC can be used for these purposes.


ACON VA/NC/SC Member Station Extremes - DECEMBER 2004
State
Maximum Temperature
Minimum
Temperature
Warmest
Average
Temperature
Coldest
Average
Temperature
Maximum
Precipitation
Minimum
Precipitation
Virginia
73°
Newport News

Blacksburg
48.3°
Centreville
33.8°
Blacksburg
4.25"
Falls Church
1.50"
Centreville
North Carolina
78°
Wilmington

Asheville
50.2°
Cape Hatteras
38.5°
Asheville
4.26"
Hickory /font>
0.82"
Fayetteville
South Carolina
78
Orangeburg, Charleston
15°
Greenville-Spartanburg
49.7°
Charleston
42.7°
Anderson
6.48"
Greenville-Spartanburg
0.99"
North Myrtle Beach

(Please note the column denotations table below.)
TEMPERATURE / WINDS/ ELEMENTS

VIRGINIA
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]

     STN  A      B    C     C1    D    E  F     G   H  I  J K K1  L  M     N   N1   N2   O P Q R R1 R2  S    CWA
     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     ANN 46.71 30.10 38.40 +0.7  63     7  8   20   0  5 21 0 67% 49 W     1             1 0 0 0  1     2400 LWX
     BCB 44.5  23.1  33.8  -0.3  67     7  0   20   0  5 23 1 63% 43 300  1   5.9       1 0 0 0  0 40% 2400 RNK
     BRI 47.2  28.6  37.9  +1.6  63     8  7   20   0  2 20 0                            0 0 0 0  0     2400 LWX
     CEN 47.3  28.9  38.1  +2.4  65     7  9   20   0  5 18 0     48 345 19             1 0 0 0  2     2400 LWX
     CHO 49.0  29.1  39.2  -0.2  65     7 11   20   0  2 16 0     35 290  1   5.2       0 0 0 0  4     2400 LWX
                                                                  35 24023                          
     DAN 51.3  29.0  40.2  +0.1  69     7 11   20   0  1 21 0 62% 38 310  1   6.3       2 0 0 0  2 30% 2400 RNK
     DCA 48.1  32.0  40.0  +0.5  64     7 11   20   0  2 20 0 60% 52 290  1   8.4       2 1 0 0  4 60% 2400 LWX
     IAD 47.5  28.0  37.8  +1.8  65     8 10   20   0  4 21 0     45 300  1   7.4       1 0 0 0  1     2400 LWX
     FCH 48.3  33.1  40.7        65     8 10   20   0  1 16 0     52       7             2 1 0 0  0     2400 LWX
     HAM 51.0  35.0  43.0        71     7 14   20                 39      19             1        3     2400 AKQ
     HER 45.8  28.8  37.3  +1.3  61.9   7  8.4 20   0  5 19 0     31      20             0 0 0 0        2400 LWX
     HRN 46.1  28.3  37.6  +1.6  63.5   7  8.5 20   0  5 19 0 62% 43 NW   20   3.6  S    1 0 0 0  1     2400 LWX
     LYH 48.8  27.2  38.0  -0.2  64     7 10   20   0  2 23 0 62% 38 280  1   5.2       0 0 0 0  2 30% 2400 RNK
     NEW 46.8  25.42 36.11  0.0  62    31  6   20   0       0 71% 42 SW    1  11.29 SW   1 0 0 0  2     1800 LWX
     NPN 53.4  32.8  43.1        73     7 13   20   0  1 16 0     31 W    20             0 0 0 0  1     2400 AKQ
     NOR 52.6  34.2  43.4  +0.1  72     7 14   20   0  2 13 0                            1 0 0 0  0     2400 AKQ
     ORF 53.2  35.7  44.5  +0.3  72     7 15   20   0  1 13 0 69% 49 020 19   9.4       1 0 0 0  2 31% 2400 AKQ
     FHC 52.8  37.2  45.0        71.5   7 15.1 20   0  2  9 0 67% 47 200  1   4.0  202                2400 LWX
     POR 53.7  35.1  44.4   0.0  72     7 15   20   0  1 11 0 68% 39 270  1   2.72 225 1 0 0 0  1 40% 2400 AKQ
     CTR 59.8  19.3  48.3        69.1   7 13.3 20   0  1 22 0     26 N    20             1 0 0 0  1     2400 AKQ
     MEC 50.23 32.42 41.61       66     8 11   20   0  2 19 0                            3 0 0 0  0     1700 AKQ
     RIC 52.3  32.4  42.3  +1.9  70     7 13   20   0  1 15 0 67% 43 300  1   8.3       2 0 0 0  5 47% 2400 AKQ
     RGL 50.41 29.38 39.89 -0.11 67.8   7 10.4 20   0  1 18 0 60% 34 S    23   3.0  S    0 0 0 0  0     2400 AKQ
     ROA 49.3  29.6  39.5  +0.4  67     7  8   20   0  3 18 1 57% 53 280  1   7.1       2 0 0 0  1 30% 2400 RNK
     ROK 49.5  27.3  38.4  +0.2  67     7  6   20   0  2 21 0     38 W     1             1 1 0 0  1     2300 RNK
     AKQ 53    30    41.5        72    10 13 28,29  0  2 20 0                                           2400 AKQ
     WAL 50.2  32.5  41.3  +0.9  69     8 11   28   0  3 17 0     44 300  1   9.0       1 0 0 0  5     2400 AKQ
     WOO 47.2  29.7  38.5  +1.0  66     9  6   20   0  3 16 0                            0 0 0 0  5     2400 LWX
     WSH 45.4  28.4  36.9  -0.05 61.1   8  7.1 20   0  5 18 0     25 WNW   1   1.3  NNE  1 0 0 1  1     2400 LWX
NORTH CAROLINA
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]

     STN  A      B    C     C1    D    E  F     G   H  I  J K K1  L  M     N   N1   N2   O P Q R R1 R2  S    CWA
     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     AVL 49.6  27.3  38.5  -0.5  63   7,8  7   20   0  2 23 0     44 340 14   7.8       2 0 0 0  1     2400 GSP
     MRH 57.2  38.1  47.6        71     9 20   21   0  0  9 0     40 320 20   9.8       1 0 0 0  5     2400 MHX
     CLT 53.5  30.5  42.0  -2.4  68  8,23 12   20   0  0 21 0     39 180 23   5.6       1 0 0 0  3     2400 GSP
     ECG 53.9  33.7  43.8  -2.1  72  7,10 15   20   0  1 14 0 73% 44 280  1   9.3       1 0 0 0  1 30% 2400 AKQ
     FAY 56.0  33.5  44.8        77     7 15   20   0  1 17 0 61% 35 320  1   7.3       0 0 1 0  4 20% 2400 RAH
                                                                  35 310 23 
     GSO 51.7  31.3  41.5  +0.5  68     7  9   20   0  1 18 0 58% 39 190  1   7.8       2 0 0 0  3 20% 2400 RAH
     HSE 57.3  43.1  50.2  +0.2  72     8 24   20   0  0  4 0     38 220 11   9.8       0 0 0 0  2     2400 MHX
                                                                  38 360 26
     HKY 51.7  29.9  40.8  -1.0  66     8 10   20   0  1 20 0     33 310 13   5.2       2 0 0 0  2     2400 GSP
     LBT 56.1  31.9  44.0  -0.8  77     7 15   20   0  1 19 0     37 320 20   5.8       0 0 1 0  4     2400 ILM
     EWN 56.8  33.5  45.2  -1.8  75     7 16 20,21  0  0 20 0     35 290 20   6.4       1 0 2 0  3     2400 MHX
     RAL 54.6  29.9  42.3  -0.7  73     7 12   20   0  1 19 0     28      20             1 0 0 0  1     2400 RAH
     RDU 54.7  32.2  43.5  +0.5  74    10 13   20   0  1 18 0 58% 36 210  1   6.5       1 0 0 1  3 50% 2400 RAH
     ROX 51.9  31.9  41.9  +2.0  69     7  9   20   0  1 16 0 63% 36 N  1,20        N    2 0 0 0  2 41% 2200 RAH
     ILM 58.3  35.4  46.8  -2.2  78     7 17   20   0  0 13 0     41 310 20   7.4       1 0 0 0  2     2400 ILM
SOUTH CAROLINA
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]

     STN  A      B    C     C1    D    E  F      G  H  I  J K K1  L  M     N   N1   N2   O P Q R R1 R2  S    CWA
     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     AND 54.3  31.2  42.7  -1.7  67   7,8 16    20  0  0 19 0     36 260  1   5.8       2 0 0 0  3     2400 GSP
                                                                  36 280 10
     CAE 58.6  33.1  45.9  -1.1  76     9 19    16  0  0 16 0     38 250 19   6.0       1 0 1 2  2     2400 CAE
     CHS 61.1  38.2  49.7  -0.8  78     7 22    16  0  0  9 0     46 200 23   7.5       1 0 1 1  4     2400 CHS
     CRE 57.6  36.1  46.9  -0.9  76    10 19 16,20  0  1 13 0     35 260 19   6.2       1 0 2 0  5     2400 ILM
     FLO 57.0  34.2  45.6  -2.0  76     7 18    20  0  0 17 0     40 310 19   6.6       1 0 1 0  4     2400 ILM
     GSP 54.0  32.1  43.1  -0.4  67  8,23 15    20  0  0 19 0     33 220  1   6.5       1 0 0 0  2     2400 GSP
     OGB 58.7  34.4  46.5        78     9 21 21,28  0  0 17 0     36 290 10   5.8       1 0 1 1  5     2400 CAE
NEARBY STATIONS
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]

     STN  A      B    C     C1    D    E  F      G  H  I  J K K1  L  M     N   N1   N2   O P Q R R1 R2  S    CWA
     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     TRI 47.4  25.2  36.3  -1.0  72     7   5   20 3  0 22 0     44 260   1   4.5       2 0 0 0  4     2400 MRX
     DAV 35.1  20.7  27.9        59     8  -8   20 0 12 22 0                             2 1 0 0  1     0700 PBZ

(Please note the column denotations table below.)
PRECIPITATION / BAROMETRIC PRESSURE

VIRGINIA
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
STN  T      T1     U  U1   V    V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3   4    5     6    6A   7    7A    8     S
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANN  3.10  -0.17 1.08 23 1.08    23  7 1 43.16  0.1  19 1 0  0.1   0.1  30.68  28 29.44  11 30.10  2400
BCB  1.88  -0.99 0.79  6 0.79     6  8 0 46.72  0.3  14 0 7  0.4   0.4                             2400
BRI  2.20  -0.53 0.94  9 1.23  9-10  5 0 42.07  0.0          0.0   0.0                             0515/1600
CEN  3.08  +0.06 1.28 23 1.28    23  7 1 41.41    T  13 3 0    T     T  30.62  28 29.44  11        2400
                                                   19,20
CHO  2.74  -0.52 1.41 23 1.41    23  6 1 38.19                          30.66  28 29.42  11        2400
DAN  2.25  -0.91 0.73 10 1.40  9-10  7 0 41.92  0.0          0.0   0.0  30.68  28 29.46  10        2400
DCA  3.05   0.00 0.89 23 0.89    23  7 0 42.55  0.0          0.0   0.0  30.67  28 29.43  11        2400
IAD  3.01  -0.06 1.30 23 1.30    23  9 1 39.25    T  19 0 1    T     T  30.67  28 29.43  11        2400
FCH  4.25        1.75 23 1.75 23-24  7 1 41.18  0.3  19 1 0  0.3   0.3                             2400
HAM  3.03        1.89 10             9         10.0  26 1   11.0  11.0  30.70  28 29.44  10        2400
HER  3.17  +0.10 1.45 23 1.45    23  8 1 42.72    T  19        T     T                             2400
HRN  3.67  +0.60 1.84 23 1.84    23  9 1 41.97    T     1 0    T     T  30.582 28 29.421 11 30.05  2400
LYH  2.41  -0.82 0.72  9 1.18  9-10  6 0 37.84    T  19 0 1    T     T  30.68  28 29.47  11        2400
NEW  2.56   0.00 0.79  9             8 0 38.83                          30.68  28 29.74  11        1700
NPN  4.04        2.27 10 2.32  9-10  9 1 59.20 13.5  26 3 1 14.2  14.2  30.63  29 29.38  10        2400
NOR  2.51  -0.73 1.08 10            10 2 58.62  5.0  26 3 1  5.3   5.3                             2400
ORF  2.41  -0.62 1.02 26 1.02    26 10 1 50.86  5.0  26 1 1  5.5   5.5  30.69  28 29.44  10        2400
FHC  2.06        1.38 10 1.38    10  9 1 63.34  5.0  26 1 3  5.5   5.5  30.660 28 29.430 10 30.085 2400
POR  2.59  -0.43 1.24 10 1.26  9-10 10 1 49.56  5.0  26 3 1  5.8   5.8  30.702 28 29.451 10 30.125 2400
CTR  1.50        0.62 10 0.89  9-10  8 0        0.1  19 1 0  0.1   0.1  30.690 28 29.440 11        2400
MEC  2.41        0.98 10 1.29  9-10  8 1 69.90  1.0  19 1 1  1.0   1.0  30.35  27 29.29  10        1700
RIC  2.37  -0.75 0.78 10 1.14  9-10  8 0 57.78  1.3  19 1 2  1.3   1.3  30.71  28 29.46  11        2400
RGL  1.97  -1.45 0.69  9 1.24  9-10  7 0 43.36  0.1  19 1 0  0.1   0.1  30.63  28 29.39  11 30.06  2400
ROA  2.13  -0.73 0.71 23 0.71    23  6 0 47.67    T     3 0    T     T  30.67  28 29.48  10        2400
ROK  2.55  -0.41 1.26 23 1.26    23  6 1 51.70    T     1 0    T     T  30.58  28 29.54  11        2400
AKQ  4.01        2.54 10            10 1 56.69  2.8  26 2 1  2.9   2.9                             2400
WAL  3.35  +0.21 1.32 10 1.70  9-10 10 1 50.80  7.5  26 3 1  8.1   8.1  30.68  28 29.43  11        2400
WOO  2.72  +0.10         0.96  9-10 11 0 38.12  0.0          0.0   0.0  30.57  28 29.54  11        0800
WSH  2.89  -0.69 1.09 23 1.09    23  8 1 48.88  1.0  19 4 1  1.0   1.0  30.59  28 29.43  11        2400
NORTH CAROLINA
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
STN  T      T1     U  U1   V    V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3   4    5     6    6A   7    7A    8     S
---------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------
AVL  3.43  +0.03 1.21  9 1.22 22-23  9 1 52.36  0.6  19 1 0  0.6  0.6  30.62  28 29.47  10         2400
MRH  1.10        0.69 26 0.69    26  8 0          T  26 1 0    T    T                              2400
CLT  2.74  -0.44 1.01 10 1.39  9-10  6 1 44.19  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.68  28 29.50  10         2400
ECG  1.78  -1.28 0.96 26 0.98    26  6 0 47.84  2.0  26 3 2  3.0  3.0  30.69  28 29.46  10         2400
FAY  0.82        0.48 26 0.48    26  5 0 33.73  0.0          0.0  0.0                   17         2400
GSO  2.85  -0.21 1.31 10 1.31    10  7 1 31.20  0.0          0.0  0.0                              2400
HSE  2.70  -1.86 1.02 23 1.02    23 11 1        0.0          0.0  0.0  30.66  28 29.53  11         2400
HKY  4.26  +0.67 1.54 23 1.58  9-10  7 2 49.03  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.62  28 29.44  10         2400
LBT  1.79  -1.30 1.18 26 1.18    26  7 1 38.63  0.0          0.0  0.0                              2400
EWN  2.48  -1.36 0.95 26 0.95    26  9 0        1.5  20      1.5  1.5                              2400
RAL  1.49  -1.55         0.90  9-10  7 0 45.29    T     1 0    T    T  30.74  28 29.49  10         1900
RDU  1.48  -1.56 0.96 10 0.96    10  7 0 47.15    T  26 1 0    T    T                              2400
ROX  4.19  +0.83 2.91 10 2.91    10  8 1 48.27  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.67  28 29.47  10  30.12  2100
ILM  1.69  -1.95 0.94 26 0.94    26  8 0 50.82    T  19 2 0    T    T                              2400
                                                     20
SOUTH CAROLINA
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
STN  T      T1     U  U1   V    V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3  4     5     6    6A   7    7A    8    S
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
AND  4.56  +0.72 2.31  9 2.34  9-10  8 2 46.76  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.68  28 29.53  10        2400
CAE  1.22  -2.16 0.55 26 0.55    26  6 0 46.43    T  25  2 1   T    T  30.69  28 29.54  10        2400
                                                     26
CHS  1.04  -2.20 0.62 26 0.79 25-26  7 0 39.24    T  26  1 0   T    T                             2400
CRE  0.99  -2.31 0.99 24 0.28 25-26  9 0 45.48    T 25,26      T    T                             2400
FLO  1.84  -1.50 1.19 26 1.19    26  7 1 42.94    T  26        T    T                    5        2400
GSP  6.48  +2.62 3.29  9 3.54  9-10  8 3 47.68  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.65  28 29.49  10        2400
OGB  1.49        1.00 26 1.02 25-26  7 1 40.47    T  25  2 0   T    T  30.68  28 29.56  10        2400
                                                     26
NEARBY STATIONS
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
STN  T      T1     U  U1   V      V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3  4     5    6   6A   7   7A    8     S
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
TRI- 3.03  -0.36 0.94  9 1.10 10-11  9 0 48.12  0.1 19  4  0  0.1   0.1  30.63  27 29.51  10      2400
DAV- 4.43        1.01  1            17 1 64.03  6.5 15 20  6 25.7  29.6                           0700

Virginia:

Annandale - Lowell sends these comments on December's wxr: " December was a little below average in precipitation and little above average in temperature. The December mean temperature of 38.4F was a departure of +0.7F and the precipitation departure was -0.17 inches. The snowfall total for December was only 0.1 inches, the least for December since 2001 and a departure of -2.7 inches for the month. The snowfall total for 2004 was only 6.5 inches which was the least snowfall for a year since 1998 when only 1.8 inches was recorded and a departure of -16.1 inches. The lowest temperature recorded for the month was 8F ( a departure of -6.5F ) the lowest monthly minimum recorded since 1989 when it was 2F and the second lowest temperature since February 5, 1996. The lowest daily maximum temperature for December was 22F on the 20th which was the lowest since 1989 when 14F was recorded as a maximum. On December 20th at 0813 the wind chill was -13.1F, the lowest recorded for December since the new wind chill chart came into effect in the fall of 2001. The dew point on the 20th also reached a new low for December of -10.5F since dew point records were started in 2002. The 1.08 inches of total rainfall on the 23rd set a new record for 5-minute rainfall intensity of 0.49 inches. The old December record was only 0.11 inches in 1993 and 2003 (precipitation intensity records since 1991). Only the rainfall intensities on June 16, 1998 with 0.56 inches in five minutes and July 23, 1992 with 0.58 inches (records since 1991) were more intense. This rain was also accompanied by a wind gust of 40 mph. For the year, we had a deficit of -1.20 inches precipitation and the total of 43.16 inches for the year. Thunder was heard four times on the 19th which was the first thunder observed in December since 1996. The maximum gust of 49 mph from the west on the 1st at 1048 hours was the highest wind gust recorded in December since 1988 when a 50 mph gust was recorded. The minimum barometer reading of 29.44 inches on the 11th was the lowest recorded for December and the highest barometer reading was 30.68 inches observed on December 28th. 8 December DAILY Records Were Tied or Broken - (24 Years of records): December had 1 LOW max temperature record: 20, December had 1 HIGH min temperature record: 10; December had 2 LOW min temperature records: 20, 28; December had 2 HIGH range temperature records: 21, 23; December had 2 HIGH precipitation records: 9, 23.

To view Lowell's 2004 summary, click here. To view Lowell's data spreadsheet for 2004, click here. [MS WORD compatible processor required] " [ + - ] 

Arlington - NWS LWX's Strong reports: " DECEMBER 2004 ENDED UP BEING A BIT WARMER THAN NORMAL...BUT IT WAS A MONTH WITH EXTREMES. THERE WERE SEVERAL DAYS IN THE 60S...HOWEVER THERE WERE ALSO SEVERAL NIGHTS THAT THE CITY HAD LOW TEMPERATURES IN THE TEENS AND LOW 20S. WHILE NEW YEARS EVE NEARLY HIT 60...THERE WAS LIGHT SNOW ON THE 20TH AS AN ARCTIC FRONT SWEPT THRU THE AREA. THE COLDEST NIGHT OF THE MONTH FOLLOWED THAT ARCTIC FRONT. THE MORNING OF THE 20TH WAS ELEVEN DEGREES IN THE CITY. THAT WAS OUR SECOND COLDEST TEMPERATURE IN NINE YEARS...AFTER A SINGLE DIGIT MORNING LAST JANUARY. IT WAS THE COLDEST DECEMBER MORNING SINCE THE BITTER COLD DECEMBER OF 1989. DURING DECEMBER 2004...THERE WAS A SNOWSTORM TO OUR SOUTH IN SOUTHEAST VIRGINIA AND SOUTHEAST MARYLAND...AND ANOTHER SNOWSTORM TO OUR WEST IN THE OHIO VALLEY. HOWEVER...WASHINGTON MADE IT THROUGH DECEMBER WITH ONLY A FRACTION OF AN INCH OF SNOW ON THE 19TH. PRECIPITATION EXACTLY MATCHED THE AVERAGE AMOUNT FOR THE MONTH WITH JUST OVER THREE INCHES OF RAIN. JUST OVER HALF OF THAT TOTAL FELL DURING A MILD STRETCH OF WEATHER FROM THE 7TH TO THE 11TH. " - [ + - ] "

Bridgewater - " Rainfall for the month was .53 inches below normal. The temperature was 1.6 degrees above normal. There was no measurable snow during December. We haven't had any measurable snow so far this winter season. In fact, I haven't seen one snowflake, although there have been reports of a few flurries which happened during the nighttime hours. " - [ + - ] 

Centreville - " With the first half of December getting off to an unusually warm beginning, it caused some concern in this section of northern Centreville about winter arriving at all this year. Our warmest temperature of 65 on the 7th had Santa thinking about adding sunblock to his travel kit, but the ever c clever Mrs. C. suggested; "Wait and see, it just might just rain dear". Except for a couple of daily highs in the 60's on the 22nd and the 23rd, the remaining two weeks of December held on to generally average to somewhat below average temperatures for the period. A monthly low of 9 on the 20th was a brisk reminder that winter would in fact be here the next day. The average monthly high of 47 and the average monthly low of 28.9 all slipped in to the log book during the middle of the month, right about when they should have. On average, nightly lows were trying to play it cool for the last fling at getting it right at least once this year. The average monthly low for December of 28.9 was just 3.4 above the 25.5 normal. That is the smallest deviation between recorded temperatures and climate averages since January '04. Snowfall during December in Northern Virginia is a hit or miss affair, and this year, just like 2003, counted as another miss with no measurable snow to brag about. Only a trace on three days was all we managed here; very much unlike the southern locales of Maryland and Virginia just after Christmas. Rainfall for Centreville managed to miss the monthly average by a slight 0.06". Accumulations were fairly well distributed among the days of the first two weeks of the month with 58%, or 1.80" of our 3.08" monthly total falling. Around 5:30pm on the 23rd started a ten hour rain event netting us 1.28" and the final amount for the month and the year. After that, the sky was dry, and Santa hardly needed his sun-block, much less his umbrella. For the year, we got off to a slow start in the precipitation department until the end of May when the five month amount only averaged 72% of normal. For the rest of the year however, generous monthly accumulations brought our yearly total rainfall of 41.41" to within 1.20" of our 42.61" annual average. " - notes from Paul [ + - ] 

Falls Church - " A generally warm month and also a wetter month. Only .3" of snow fell on grassy surfaces on the 19th when a very strong cold front came through. There was also thunder, lightning and periods of rain and rain/snow mix. The front on the 7th brought my peak wind gust for the month at 52 mph. On the 11th that front brought pea-sized hail for about 15 minutes but no thunder or lightning. " - report from Erica   [ + + ]

Hampton - notes from Dave " SIGNIFICANT WEATHER EVENTS: THUNDERSTORMS CROSSED HAMPTON TWICE ON FRIDAY DECEMBER 10 PRODUCING 1.89 INCHES OF RAIN AND POWER INTERUPTIONS AS WELL AS SLEEP INTERUPPTIONS. A "SURPRISE" SNOW ON 12/26 PRODUCED A STATION RECORD 10 INCHES AS WELL AS A MONTHLY RECORD 11 INCHES. IT IS THE FIRST SIGNIFICANT SNOW NEAR CHRISTMAS SINCE RECORDS BEGAN IN 1977. "

Herndon - Russ reports:" December temperatures averaged above normal, as did precipitation. The monthly temperature was 1.6 degrees above normal and precipitation was 0.6" above average. Of note in December was the roller coaster ride our temperatures took. On the 20th, wind chills reached -15 degrees in the morning hours, as the temperature dipped to 8.5 degrees. The cold didn't last long though, as the high temps reached 59 degrees on the 22nd and 23rd. They plunged back down to highs which struggled to reach above freezing on the 24th - 28th. Though it was cold enough, no White Christmas for us, this year! " - [ + + ] 

Herndon - Bob adds these notes:" My average MAX temperature was 0.1 degrees BELOW the Dulles "normal" and the average MIN was 2.8 degrees ABOVE. Calendar year precip is only 0.9 inches above the Dulles "normal." Dulles is 4 miles WSW and it's "normal" is the 1971-2000 average. " - [ + M ] 

New Market - Joyce Winfree sends these exceprts from her yearly summary:" The mean max temperature was 63.2, the mean minimum temperature was 47.0, and the annual mean temp was 55.1, 0.19 BELOW her 19-year average. Over the year, temps ranged from 6 to 89. Yearly rainfall totaled 38.12" and that was 0.17" BELOW her 19-year average. For the year, six days produced a total of 14.4" of snow. Thunder was observed on 32 days. " - [ -/+  +/- ] 

Newport News - Gary sends this yearly review:" The mean max temperature was 69.3, the mean minimum temperature was 50.1, and the annual mean temp was 59.7. Over the year, temps ranged from 12 to 95. Yearly rainfall totaled 59.20". For the year, 21.3" of snow was recorded, with 13.5" on the ground on December 26th. This was also the greatest 24-hour amount. "

Norfolk - notes from the Fred Heutte Center " A rare snowfall on the day after Christmas with 5" recorded here. The snow resulted from moisture riding up the coastal plain from the SE US coast into cold air that had built south from the Midwest and New England from eastern Canada. The boundary zone of cold and moisture was located across the Bay to Hampton and Newport News southwest to the Virginia/North Carolina border to Emporia then south in to North Carolina. Overrunning moisture in this area resulted in snowfall amounts ranging from about 3" at Virginia Beach to as much as a foot inland NE North Carolina with heavier amounts right along the boundary layer reaching 16" in isolated areas of Newport News to York County, Virginia. Cold temps preceded and followed the event maximizing the sticking of snow on the ground and local streets as well as stretching the number of days snow remained on the ground. "

Norfolk - notes from NWS Wakefield: " ...SNOWIEST DECEMBER SINCE 1958 AND 9TH SNOWIEST DECEMBER ON RECORD... | 16TH WARMEST YEAR ON RECORD... WITH 5.5" OF SNOWFALL...2004 WAS THE SNOWIEST DECEMBER SINCE 1958...AND THE 9TH SNOWIEST ON RECORD AT NORFOLK. IN ADDITION...THE 5.5" OF SNOWFALL IS WITHIN 0.6" OF ALL THE SNOW OF LAST WINTER AND EXCEEDS THE SNOW IN WINTER 2002-2003 (5.1"). THE 10 SNOWIEST DECEMBERS ON RECORD AT NORFOLK: 18.6" IN 1892; 16.2" IN 1935 ; 14.7" IN 1958 ; 13.9" IN 1917 ; 11.0" IN 1896 ; 9.2" IN 1886 ; 7.7" IN 1942 ; 6.5" IN 1904 ; 5.5" IN 2004 ; 4.5" IN 1962 . AVERAGE ANNUAL TEMPERATURE OF 60.7 F WAS THE 16TH WARMEST ON RECORD. LIKE RICHMOND...THIS WAS PRIMARILY DUE TO HIGH MINIMUM TEMPERATURES. THE AVERAGE MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE OF 68.5 F WAS ONLY SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL WITH 47 YEARS HAVING A WARMER AVERAGE MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE. ONLY 16 DAYS WERE 90 F OR HIGHER...WELL BELOW THE NORMAL OF 34 DAYS. PRECIPITATION TOTALLED 50.10" FOR THE YEAR. WHILE THIS IS ABOVE THE NORMAL VALUE OF 45.74"...IT DOES NOT EVEN RANK IN THE TOP 30 WITH RESPECT TO WETTEST YEARS ON RECORD. OF NOTE...THIS IS THIRD CONSECUTIVE YEAR NORFOLK HAS HAD 50" OR MORE OF PRECIPITATION. THE LAST TIME THIS HAPPENED WAS 1889-1891. TEMPERATURE RECORDS HAVE BEEN KEPT AT NORFOLK SINCE 1871. PRECIPITATION RECORDS HAVE BEEN KEPT AT NORFOLK SINCE 1871. "

Portsmouth - " Big month for snow totals here with the most recorded in December in the database (back to 1976)! Station records were plentiful: DECEMBER 2004 SNOWFALL MONTHLY MAXIMUM 5.8" [PREVIOULSY 1.7" 1993]; 1ST - WIND GUST 39 MPH [ PREVIOUSLY 36 MPH IN 1996 ]; 15TH - TEMPERATURE MINIMUM MAXIMUM 39 [ PREVIOUSLY 44 IN 1985 ]; 19TH - SNOWFALL TIED TRACE [PREVIOUSLY TRACE 2003]; 20TH - TEMPERATURE MINIMUM 15 [ PREVIOUSLY 16 1981 ]; 20TH - TEMPERATURE MINIMUM MAXIMUM 29 [PREVIOUSLY 33 IN 1981]; 20TH - SNOWFALL 0.8" [PREVIOUSLY TRACE IN 1985 ]; 23RD - WIND GUST 35 MPH [ PREVIOUSLY 32 MPH IN 1994 ]; 26TH - SNOWFALL 5.0" [ NO PREVIOUS STATION RECORD ]; 26TH - PRECIPITATION 0.80" [ PREVIOUSLY 0.46" IN 1976 ]; 27TH - WIND GUST 30 MPH [ PREVIOUSLY 23 MPH IN 1977 ]; 27TH - TEMPERATURE MINIMUM MAXIMUM TIED 33 [ PREVIOUSLY IN 1989 ]; 28TH - TEMPERATURE MINIMUM 22 [ PREVIOUSLY 23 IN 1977 ]. On the 26th, a surprise holiday snowstorm developed over Southeast Virginia as cold, dry air settled south and east from the Midwestern US. Low pressure moved up the Southeast US coast with the abundant frontogenesis precip falling from York County, Virginia southwest to north-central Northeastern North Carolina. Localities in this narrow band received as much as 16" of snow with lesser amounts falling off rapidly north to just south of Richmond and over coastal Northeastern North Carolina. Here in southeastern Portsmouth, 5.0" of snow fell in about 8 hours; but only 20 miles to the west and north, over parts of Suffolk to the west and Hampton and Newport News to the north, 10-16" of snow were common, extending east into the York County area and southwest into the Ahoskie, NC vicinity. Saw this same type of snow here in 1989 occurring in February with 13.5" here. With cold temps following the snows, the ground remained white and icy for several days thereafter. Precipitation was below normal for the entire month (86%) and temps (+0.2) were above normal. At year's end, temperatures for the 12 month period averaged close to normal (+0.2) and yearly rainfall ended up 103% of the norm or 1.32" above the 48.24" norm (1976-2003). - [ + - ] 

Richmond - notes from NWS Wakefield " ...5TH WETTEST YEAR ON RECORD... ...15TH WARMEST YEAR ON RECORD... WITH 58.38" OF PRECIPITATION...2004 WAS 5TH WETTEST ON RECORD. THERE WERE 128 DAYS OF MEASURABLE PRECIPITATION (16 DAYS WITH AN INCH OR MORE)...NORMAL IS 115 (16 DAYS AN INCH OR MORE). THE WET YEAR WAS MAINLY A RESULT OF VERY HEAVY SUMMER (JUNE-AUGUST) RAINFALL. 2004 WAS THE WETTEST SUMMER ON RECORD WITH 32.67"...MORE THAN HALF OF THE TOTAL FOR THE YEAR...AND MORE THAN TWO AND A HALF TIMES THE NORMAL SUMMER PRECIPITATION OF 12.39". IN ADDITION...THIS IS THE 1ST TIME ON RECORD THAT MORE THAN 55" OF PRECIPITATION HAS OCCURRED IN 2 CONSECUTIVE YEARS AT RICHMOND. THE 5 WETTEST YEARS ON RECORD AT RICHMOND: 72.02" IN 1889; 63.29" IN 2003 ; 61.31" IN 1975 ; 59.34" IN 1972 ; 58.38" IN 2004 . WITH AN AVERAGE ANNUAL TEMPERATURE OF 59.1 F...2004 WAS THE 15TH WARMEST ON RECORD AT RICHMOND. HOWEVER...WITH WETTER THAN NORMAL CONDITIONS AND INCREASED CLOUD COVER...THE HIGH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE WAS PRIMARILY DUE TO WELL ABOVE NORMAL MINIMUM TEMPERATURES. THE AVERAGE ANNUAL MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE OF 68.6 F WAS VERY CLOSE TO NORMAL. FURTHERMORE...ONLY 24 DAYS HAD A HIGH TEMPERATURE OF 90 F OR HIGHER...WELL BELOW THE NORMAL OF 42 DAYS. ALSO...NO DAYS HAD A HIGH TEMPERATURE OF 95 F OR WARMER...WHILE THE NORMAL IS 12 DAYS. "

Roanoke - Wendell reports:" Near normal temps (+0.2") and drier than normal (-0.41"); no snow which is 2 inches below normal. " - [ + - ]

Ruther Glen - Danny adds these notes: " Temperature and precipitation both finished below average for the month of December despite unseasonably warm weather at the beginning and end of the month. A quick burst of snow accompanied a frontal passage on the 19th, dropping 0.1" of snow and leaving the area in a 2-day deep freeze. For the year, precipitation finished 2.30" above normal, and temperatures finished 0.02 above normal. Wishing you and yours a very happy and prosperous new year. " - [ - - ]

North Carolina:

Cape Hatteras - from NWS NCDC Asheville:" The mean temp of 51.6 was 1.96 ABOVE normal while rainfall of 2.7" was 2.02" BELOW normal. Database is from 1895 to 2004. " - [ + - ]

Raleigh - " December had extremes in weather conditions ranging from a high of 73 on the 10th versus a high temperature of only 28 (under sunny skies) on the 20th. Only a trace of snow was observed; however less than 4 miles from this station was measurable snow on the 26th. Precipitation for December was 1.55" below normal, while the average daily temperature was 0.7 below normal. " - notes from Bob [ - - ] 

Raleigh - NWS Raleigh (RAH) reports: Here are excerpts from the December's climate summary from NWS RAH: " December 2004 was a month of highly variable weather conditions. Although the statewide average monthly temperatures and precipitation will go down in the record books as being "slightly below normal", the state experienced everything from thunderstorms and flash flooding, to near record warmth, record cold, snow, ice, and biting wind chills at some point during the month. When experienced, these conditions felt anything but "normal". It was only when all the data during the 31 days of December was averaged together that it appeared to be a "near normal" month. The full December 2004 NC Weather Review is available at: http://www.erh.noaa.gov/rah/climate/data/MonthlySummary.Dec.2004.doc. " -

South Carolina:

Nearby Cities:

Tri-Cities - " Tri-Cities received 3.03 inches of precipitation in December, which was 0.36 inches below normal. Precipitation occurred on only nine days, and none of those days had more than an inch of rain. The heaviest precipitation fell on the 9th, when 0.94 inches was recorded. The wettest December at Tri-Cities was in 1961, when 6.75 inches was recorded. The monthly average temperature at Tri-Cities was 36.3 degrees, which was 1.0 degree below normal. It tied with 1980 and 1954 as the 21st coldest December on record at Tri-Cities. A daily record low was broken on the 20th, when the temperature dipped to 5 degrees breaking the previous record of 8 degrees set in 1981. The coldest December at Tri-Cities was back in 1963, when the average temperature was only 27.8 degrees. - from NWS MRX [ - - ] 

COLUMN DENOTATIONS:

A  maximum mean temperature T total precipitation (inches)
T1 departure from normal
B  minimum mean temperature U maximum calendar day precipitation (inches)
C  monthly mean temperature
C1 departure from normal
U1 date of maximum calendar day precipitation
D  maximum temperature V date(s) of maximum daily precipitation
E  date(s) of maximum temperature V1 maximum 24-hour precip. & date(s)
F  minimum temperature W number of days with precip. >= .01"
G  date(s) of minimum temperature  X number of days with precip. >= 1.0"
H  days with maximum temperature >=90 Y year-to-date precipitation (inches)
I  days with maximum temperature <=32 Z maximum calendar day snowfall (inches)
J  days with minimum temperature <=32  
K  days with minimum temperature <= 0 1 date of maximum calendar day snowfall (inches)
K1 average relative humidity 2 number of days with snowfall
L  peak wind gust (miles per hour)  3 number of days with snowfall >= 1.0"
M  direction of peak wind gust 4  total snowfall for month (inches)
N  date(s) of peak wind gust  5 total snowfall for 2004-2005 season (inches)
N1   average wind speed (miles per hour) 6 maximum barometric pressure (inches)
N2 dominant wind direction 6A date of maximum barometric pressure
O  number of days with thunder  7 minimum barometric pressure (inches)
P  number of days with hail 7A date of minimum barometric pressure
Q  number of days with glaze 8   average sea-level pressure
R  number of days with ice pellets  
R2 sky cover percentage NR not recorded
R1 number of days with dense fog [1/4 mile and less visibility] (i) incomplete data
S  local observation time for temps/precipitation (M) missing, if listed in data table
 ~ "about" E estimated
 +  additional indeterminate number of days CWA - NWS Office County Warning Area


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STATION / LOCATION (MILES & DIRECTION FROM MAIN POST OFFICE)/OBSERVER / YEAR RECORDS BEGAN / EMAIL ADDRESS:

  ROK   Roanoke, VA 6SW Wendell Prillaman  4/76 wlprillaman@cox.net
ANN    Annandale, VA 1 3/4 ENE - Lowell Koontz  8/31/79  wwkoontz@verizon.net AKQ    Wakefield, VA NWS Wakefield Municipal Airport 36-58-53N 077-00-04W 33M
DCA    Arlington, VA Washington, DC, Reagan Washington National Airport 38-50-54N 077-02-03W 18M WSH   Washington, VA  David Yowell runamok@runamok.com
BCB    Blacksburg, VA NWS Virginia Tech Airport 37-13N 080-25W WEE   Weems, VA 3WNW Francis J. Socey
BRI     Bridgewater, VA Clayton Towers Ctowers@rica.net WOO  Woodstock, VA 5NW Lauck Walton - 12/1/85 jwalton@shentel.net
CEN  Centreville, VA Paul Bassett 1985, 38 50.9788' N LAT. 77 25.6374' W LON. | Elevation 324' | m.psb@verizon.net RGL Ruther Glen, VA 380'45" N 7732'29" W Danny Jessee 2003 danny@dannyjessee.com
   WAL   Wallops Island, VA 37 56'26" N 75 27'47" W Wallops Flight Facility Airport
CHO   Charlottesville, VA  Charlottesville-Albemarle Airport ASOS  (Rappahannock County) 38-08-18N 078-27-21W 192M AVL    Asheville, NC  Asheville Regional Airport 35-25-55N 082-32-15W 670M
   MRH    Beaufort, NC  Michael J. Field Airport 34-44-01N 076-39-38W 3M
DAN  Danville, VA, Danville Regional Airport, 36-34-22N 079-20-10W 175M  BRE    Brevard, NC 1SE Bob Keehn 1/1/90 rkeehn@brinet.com
IAD   Dulles - Washington-Dulles International Airport  38-56-05N 077-26-51W 93M  CLT    Charlotte, NC NWS Charlotte/Douglas International Airpot 35-12-48N 080-56-55W 220M
FCH    Falls Church, VA Erica Page - 3/7/94 Windie1970@aol.com HKY  Hickory, NC 
HAM    Hampton, VA 5NE Dave Kessel 1989 davidckessel@cox.net ECG  Elizabeth City, NC,  Coast Guard Air Station 36-15-47N 076-10-58W 11M
CTR  Winterpock in Chesterfield County, VA Albert Arnold 06/03 FAY  Fayetteville, NC Fayetteville Regional Airport, 34-59-22N 078-52-48W 55M
HER    Herndon, VA R.M. Beall P- 10/76   T-  1/91 beall47@earthlink.net GSO   Greensboro, NC NWS Piedmont Triad International Airport 36-05-51N 079-56-37W 275M
   HSE    Cape Hatteras, NC  Mitchell Field 35-13-56N 075-27-21W 3M
HRN   Herndon, VA 4SW Russ Topping -  1985 weatherwatcher@cox.net LBT    Lumberton, NC  Lumberton Municipal Airport 34-36-26N 079-03-36W 37M
   EWN    New Bern, NC  Craven County Regional Airport 36-04-03N 077-02-50W 3M
LXI     Lexington, VA  Scott M. Lancey, WREL Radio -  06/96 weather@wrel.com RAL    Raleigh, NC 7NNW  Bob Woodson -  6/1/93 kf4mmm@qsl.net
LKU     Louisa, VA 1N Joseph Bowers 1944 - NWS ID  44-5050-02jmbiii@earthlink.net RDU   Raleigh-Durham, NC Raleigh-Durham International Airport 35-52-14N 078-47-11W 130M
LOU     Louisa, VA 6S John Bullock (about 1970) INACTIVE 1/1/02 - MEMBER DECEASED FALL 2004 ROX    Roxboro, NC 2SE Merriell A. Jay 1/93
LYH     Lynchburg, VA NWS Lynchburg Regional Airport 37-19-15N 079-12-24W 295M ILM     Wilmington, NC NWS New Hanover International Airport 34-16-06N 077-54-22W 9M
NEW    Newmarket, VA 2W Joyce Winfree joywood@shentel.net CHS   Charleston, SC NWS Charleston Air Force Base 32-53-56N 080-02-26W 13M
NPN     Newport News, VA 7N Gary Leonard -  6/91 GaryMLeonard@aol.com CAE    Columbia, SC NWS Columbia Metropolitan Airport 33-56-31N 081-07-05W 73M 
NOR     Norfolk, VA 3NE Jim Fentress 6/1/77 FLO    Florence, SC Florence Regional Airport 34-11-16N 079-43-51W 44M
ORF     Norfolk, VA 5NE 36-54-13N 076-11-31W 14M  1871 GSP   Greenville-Spartanburg, SC NWS Greenville-Spartanburg Airport 34-53-02N 082-13-15W 286M 
POR     Portsmouth, VA 36.81° North 76.33° West 3S Bill Trotter -  7/1/76 wxr@cox.net CRE    North Myrtle Beach, SC Grand Strand Airport 33-48-42N 078-43-26W 10M
MEC     Mechanicsville, VA Glen Martin 11/19/91 OGB   Orangeburg, SC  Orangeburg Municipal Airport 33-27-50N 080-51-13W 59M
FHC    Norfolk, VA  Fred Heutte Center 36° 54'N 76° 16'W 01/01/03 fhcgarden@cox.net AND   Anderson, SC 
RIC     Richmond, VA Richmond International Airport 37-30-40N 077-19-24W 50M TRI     Tri-cities, TN  (Bristol / Johnson / Kingsport), Tri-City Regional Airport 36-28-47N 082-23-56W 474M 
ROA    Roanoke, VA Roanoke Regional Airport 37-19-01N 079-58-27W 362M DAV  Davis, WV Dave Lesher wvweather@mountain.net