The Atlantic Coast Observer Network - Virginia/North Carolina/South Carolina

http://members.cox.net/wxr/acon.htm

SUMMARY OF CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA 
DECEMBER 2005


...COLDER DECEMBER TEMPERATURES WITH ABOVE NORMAL PRECIP...

For the first time since May 2005, temperatures were generally below normal across the region; in many locales, minimum temperatures were persistently low but not extreme while daytime highs- mostly in the afternoons- remained quite chilly. Rainfall and snowfall throughout the area- on average - were above normal. In particular, snowfall across the northern reaches of the three-state region was above normal with some areas seeing snowcover persist on more than half the month's days. At month's end, temperature readings moderated to above normal. Extreme temperatures were not noted during the month. Temperature ranges from daily lows to highs were not broad for much of the area, falling mostly in a 20 span. Indeed there were cold temps as the thermometer dropped to 8 at New Market, VA. But no periods of severe cold were recorded.

  • ARCTIC OCEAN ICE CRASHES ON ALASKA SHORES    - 30 years have passed since residents of Barrow Alaska last saw huge chunks of sea ice (ivus) move ice into their streets. Read more about this recent occurrence that awakened Barrow's residents in the middle of the night! Visit http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1566611/posts. As this was a widely carried news item, use Google to search for it again should the link above not provide you the article.
  • GRANDFATHER MOUNTAIN HAS 200+ MPH WINDS [01/25/06]    http://www.grandfather.com/about/archive/jan25_winds.php - This article will be rehighlighted again in our January 2006 summary, but is ready for your amazement now!
  • WEATHERWISE MAGAZINE    - As many of you know, Weatherwise Magazine has been around for quite some time. The magazine's articles and stunning photos are excellent resources for the weather enthusiast. Likely, some of you may have even submitted a photo for their annual contest. At the magazine's website, http://www.weatherwise.org/, one online feature is the Weather Queries section, which may be of interest to you.
  • DROUGHT MONITOR    http://www.drought.unl.edu/dm/monitor.html
  • REMINDER All National Weather Service station data listed herein is preliminary and may be subject to change.  The data has not been certified and cannot be used in legal actions.  Only reports certified by the National Climatic Data Center in Asheville, NC can be used for these purposes.

  • ACON VA/NC/SC Member Station Extremes - DECEMBER 2005
    State
    Maximum Temperature
    Minimum
    Temperature
    Warmest
    Average
    Temperature
    Coldest
    Average
    Temperature
    Maximum
    Precipitation
    Minimum
    Precipitation
    Virginia
    68°
    Norfolk (FHC)

    New Market
    42.1°
    Norfolk (FHC)
    31.09°
    New Market
    6.16"
    Norfolk (FHC)
    1.19"
    Richmond
    North Carolina
    73°
    Fayetteville, Lumberton
    15°
    Asheville
    47.4°
    Cape Hatteras
    36.6°
    Asheville
    5.25"
    Charlotte
    1.92"
    Lumberton
    South Carolina
    76
    Columbia
    20°
    Anderson, Columbia
    49.1°
    Charleston
    41.5°
    Anderson
    4.82"
    Greenville-Spartanburg
    2.84"
    Orangeburg

    ( For an explanation of column headers in the following tables,
    please note the column denotations table below. )


    TEMPERATURE / WINDS/ ELEMENTS

    VIRGINIA
    [Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
    
         STN  A      B    C     C1    D    E  F     G   H  I  J K K1  L  M     N   N1   N2   O P Q R R1 R2  S    CWA
         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         ANN 42.10 27.32 34.71 -3.0  58    24 14   14   0  2 25 0 67% 37 W     2             0 0 0 4  3     2400 LWX
         BCB 41.3  23.8  32.6  -1.5  61    24 13   10   0  0 27 0 58% 38 290  2   5.7       0 0 0 0  1 50% 2400 RNK
                                                                      38 290 26 
         BRI 40.6  24.7  32.6  -3.7  58     4 12   20   0  3 27 0 51%                        0 0 0 1  1     2400 LWX
         CCV 42    22    32    -1.0  60    12 11   10   0  2 28 0 40% 43 290 26   3.0  260 0 0 0 2  5 50% 2400 BCB
         CEN 41.9  26.8  34.6  -1.1  59    24 12   14   0  2 25 0 66% 45 304 26   2.9  NNW  1 0 1 1  2     2400 LWX
         CHO 44.5  36.5  35.5  -3.8  63     4 16   14   0  0 27 3 62% 30 310  2   3.4       0 0 3 0  5 40% 2400 LWX
         DAN 47.6  27.4  37.5  -2.6  63    28 18 21,22  0  1 23 0 65% 39 310 26   6.0       0 0 3 0  0 30% 2400 RNK
         DCA 43.2  29.6  36.4  -3.1  58    24 19   14   0  2 21 0 64% 37 310  2   4.8       0 0 2 4  1 60% 2400 LWX
         IAD 41.8  25.0  33.4  -2.6  59    24 13   14   0  2 28 0 66% 44 300 26   5.7       0 0 2 3  2 60% 2400 LWX
         FCH 45.4  31.4  38.4        56 24,31 21   15   0  1 17 0     30      26             0 0 3 3  0     2400 LWX
         HAM 50.1  36.9  41.2  -1.8  64     4 23   22   0  0 10 0 40% 34 SSE  11  12.0  N    0 0 0 0  2 50% 2400 AKQ
         HER 40.7  26.4  33.5  -2.5  55    24 14.0 14   0  2 27 0     20       9             0 0 0 1  0     2400 LWX
         HRN 407   26.1  33.5  -2.5  56.9  24 11.6 14   0  2 26 0 64% 33 WNW  26   2.3  WNW  0 0 3 2  1     2400 LWX
         LDY 46    26    36    -4.1  63     4 15   14   0  0 28 0 63%                        0 0 2 3  0     2400 AKQ
         LYH 44.5  25.5  35.0  -3.2  64     4 13   20   0  0 10 1 66% 30 300  2   4.4       0 0 3 2  4 30% 2400 RNK
         NEW 41.52 20.67 31.09 -5.0  60    28  8 14,20  0  2 30 0 75% 30 NW    2  14.13 SW   0 0 1 1  2     1800 LWX
         NPN 50.1  31.3  40.7        64     4 20 20,22  0  0 16 0     32 NE    2             0 0 0 0  0     2400 AKQ
         NOR 49.2  32.2  40.7  -2.5  64     4 21   22   0  0 14 0                            0 0 0 1  0     2400 AKQ
         ORF 49.7  33.9  41.8  -2.5  65     4 22   22   0  0 12 0 68% 36 250  4   8.8       0 0 0 0  0 30% 2400 AKQ
                                                                      36 170  15
         FHC 49.14 35.10 42.12       68.1   4 24.7 22   0  0 10 0 70% 32 225  4   4.0  SSW  1 0 0 0  0     2400 AKQ
         POR 50.3  33.6  42.0  -2.1  64     4 22   22   0  0 13 0 76% 33 270  2   4.65 146 1 0 0 0  0 35% 2400 AKQ
         CTR 59.6  27.7  37.4  -3.0  63.5  21 15.7 21   0  0 25 0 72% 18 W   2,11  0.6  SSW  1 0 0 0  4 66% 2400 AKQ
         MEC 46.32 28.65 37.68       60  4,28 17 14,22  0  1 22 0     11 SE   13             1 0 0 0  0     1700 AKQ
         RIC 47.7  28.9  38.3  -2.2  64     4 18 20,22  0  1 23 0 65% 35 290  2   4.4       0 0 2 3  2 50% 2400 AKQ
         ROA 44.2  29.5  36.8  -2.3  63     4 20   21   0  1 22 0 60% 40 290  2   7.2       0 0 3 3  2 40% 2400 RNK
         AKQ 50    28    39.0        64     4 16   22   0  1 13 0                                           2400 AKQ
         WAL 46.0  29.5  37.8  -2.8  58     4 20   14   0  0 22 0     39 310  9   8.6       0 0 0 0  0     2400 AKQ
         WOO 42.7  26.8  34.8  -2.8  60    25 15   14   0  1 23 0                            0 0 1 3  3     2400 LWX
         WSH 40.3  26.2  33.3  -3.6  53.8   4 13.7 14   0  3 25 0 66% 20 ENE   4   1.1  N    0 0 3 3  0     2400 LWX
    NORTH CAROLINA
    [Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
        
         STN  A      B    C     C1    D    E  F     G   H  I  J K K1  L  M     N   N1   N2   O P Q R R1 R2  S    CWA
         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         AVL 46.4  26.7  36.6  -2.4  66     4 15   23   0  1 27 0 64% 38 330 26   7.1       1 0 4 0  1 40% 2400 GSP
         MRH 55.2  37.3  46.3        67     4 27 21,21  0  0 10 0     36 290 26   9.2       2 0 0 0  1     2400 MHX
         CLT 51.3  28.9  40.1  -4.3  68     4 18   22   0  0 23 0 65% 26 300 26   5.0       1 0 1 0  2 50% 2400 GSP
         ECG 51.5  32.1  41.8  -4.1  67     4 20   22   0  0 16 0 71% 37 310  2   9.0       0 0 0 0  6 30% 2400 AKQ
         FAY 54.3  32.4  43.3        73     4 21   23   0  0 15 0 65% 36 220  4   7.2       1 0 0 0  1 30% 2400 RAH
         GSO 48.6  30.0  39.3  -1.7  63     4 22   20   0  1 22 0 64% 40 300 26   6.5       1 1 3 2  0 50% 2400 RAH
         HSE 54.3  40.4  47.4  -2.6  67     4 32   20   0  0  1 0     49 230 29   9.5       0 0 0 0  0     2400 MHX
         HKY 49.2  28.7  39.0  -2.8  65    27 19   22   0  1 25 0     30 340  2   4.6       1 0 3 0  6     2400 GSP
         LBT 54.2  32.5  43.4  -1.3  73     4 20   23   0  0 17 0     37 280 26   5.4       0 0 0 0  2     2400 ILM
         EWN 54.6  32.8  43.7  -3.3  71     4 20 22,23  0  0 16 0        180  4   6.3       4 0 0 0  3     2400 MHX
         RAL 51.2  28.7  41.0  -3.0  64    29 18   22   0  1 24 0                            1 0 1 0  0     2400 RAH
         RDU 50.9  30.5  40.7  -2.3  68     4 20   22   0  1 22 0 64% 32 310 26   5.8       1 0 1 3  0 50% 1900 RAH
         ROX 48.7  30.3  38.7  -0.2  64    28 20 10,14, 0  1 18 0 69% 36 NW   25        N    0 0 2 0  0 46% 2400 RAH
                                                   21
         ILM 57.0  35.0  46.0  -2.9  69     4 21   23   0  0 15 0 67% 35 180  9   6.8       3 0 0 0  1 49% 2400 ILM
                                                                      35 260 26
    SOUTH CAROLINA
    [Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
       
         STN  A      B    C     C1    D    E  F      G  H  I  J K K1  L  M     N   N1   N2   O P Q R R1 R2  S    CWA
         -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         AND 51.8  31.2  41.5  -2.9  66     4 20    22  0  0 20 0     35 280 11   6.3       3 0 2 0  4     2400 GSP
         CAE 55.8  32.3  44.0  -3.0  76     4 20 22,23  0  0 20 0     37 260 25   6.0       2 0 0 0  1     2400 CAE
         CRE 56.3  36.2  46.2  -1.5  67     4 23    23  0  0 12 0     29 220  4   6.5       2 0 0 0  2     2400 CHS
         CHS 60.3  38.0  49.1  -1.4  72     5 22    23  0  0  7 0     36 160  9   8.3       1 0 0 0  0     2400 CHS
                                                                      36 200 25
         FLO 55.8  33.7  44.8  -2.7  75     4 22    22  0  0 15 0     32 250 25   7.2       1 0 0 0  1     2400 ILM
         GSP 51.7  31.4  41.6  -1.9  67     4 23    22  0  0 22 0 63% 29 250 11   6.2       3 0 4 0  5 30% 2400 GSP
         OGB 58.6  35.8  47.2        75     4 24    23  0  0  9 0     35 260 25   6.4       3 0 0 0  0     2400 CAE    
    NEARBY STATIONS
    [Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
       
         STN  A      B    C     C1    D    E  F      G   H  I  J K K1  L  M     N   N1   N2  O P Q R R1 R2  S    CWA
         ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         TRI 44.5  25.5  35.0  -2.3  61    28  11 21,22 0  0 23 0     32 260    1  4.4      2 0 0 0  3     2400 MRX
         DAV 29.8  16.9  23.3        53    29   3 20,21 0 19 29 0                                           0700 PBZ    

    (Please note the column denotations table below.)
    PRECIPITATION / BAROMETRIC PRESSURE

    VIRGINIA
    [Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
         STN  T      T1     U  U1   V    V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3   4    5     6    6A   7    7A    8     S
         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         ANN  3.49        1.10 15 1.34 15-16 10 1 46.88  2.5   5  6 3  7.4  8.2  30.74   8 29.35  29 30.02  2400
         BCB  2.20  -0.67 0.66 15 0.66    15 13 0 35.67  2.6   5 11 3  6.3  8.1                             2400
         BRI  1.73  -1.00 0.91 15 0.91    15  5 0 32.60  0.5      3 3  6.2  6.7  30.60   8 30.40  29        1615/1600
         CCV  2.50  +0.70 0.64 15 0.70    15 13 0 31.79  2.5   5  2 2  6.5  6.5  30.45  24 29.62   5 30.04  2400
         CEN  3.50  +0.48 0.93 15 1.22 15-16 10 0 46.56  2.5   9  5 3  7.1  7.8  30.72   8 29.42  29 30.07  2400
         CHO  2.74  -0.52 1.04 15 1.04 14-15 10 1 40.92                                                     2400
         DAN  3.92  +0.76 1.63  5 1.72   4-5  9 2 34.87  0.0           0.0  0.0  30.74   8 29.43  29        2400
         DCA  3.34  +0.29 0.93 15 1.23 16-16 11 0 44.38  1.6   9  7 3  4.8  4.8                             2400
         IAD  2.93  -0.14 1.07 15 1.18 15-16  9 1 44.60  2.5   9  6 2  5.7  6.0                             2400
         FCH  2.96        0.86 25 0.86 21-22  7 0 36.99  3.0  5-6 0 4  5.5  5.75                            2400
         HAM  4.07  +0.87 1.33  5 1.56   4-6 10 1        0.0           0.0  0.0  30.62   8 29.47  29 30.04  2400
         HER  3.25  +0.18 1.15 15 1.22 15-16 11 1 46.78  2.5   9  5 3  6.4  6.9                             2400
         HRN  3.16  +0.09 1.10 15 1.21 15-16 12 1 45.33  2.0 5,9  5 3  5.5  6.0  30.679  8 29.396 29 30.01  2400
         LDY  4.95  +1.53 2.29 15 2.38 15-16 10 1        4.0   5  2 1  4.5  4.5  30.77   8 29.44  29 30.07  2400
         LYH  3.03  -0.20 1.15 15 1.15    15 10 1 36.81  3.0   5  5 2  4.8  4.8  30.75   8 29.42  29        2400
         NEW  1.85  -0.56 0.89 15             7 0 36.06    4   6  1 3  7.5  7.5  30.88   8 29.74  29        1700
         NPN  3.75        1.34  5 1.46   5-6 10 1 43.46  0.0           0.0  0.0  30.68   8 29.32  29        2400
         NOR  4.52  +1.23 1.32  5            12 2 56.22  0.0           0.0  0.0                             2400
         ORF  4.29  +1.37 1.20 25 1.20    25 10 2 46.10    T   6  1 0    T    T  30.43  19 29.09  22        2400
         FHC  6.16        1.81 25 1.99   4-5 11 3 58.84  0.0           0.0  0.0  30.736  8 29.379 29 30.048 2400
         POR  4.76  +1.68 1.28  5 1.40   4-5 13 2 50.46  0.0           0.0  0.0  30.755  8 29.392 29 30.059 2400
                          1.28 25            
         CTR  4.47  +1.26 1.37 15 1.37 14-15  9 2 32.81  3.0   5  3 1  3.0  3.0  30.75   8 29.38  29 30.039 2400
         MEC  5.85        1.48 16 1.70 25-26 11 2 24.29  2.75  5  2 1  3.75 3.75 30.39   8 29.32 25,        1700
                                                                                                  29
         RIC  1.19  -2.35 0.52  2 0.58   2-3  8 0 42.73  4.2   5  6 1  4.4  4.4                             2400
         ROA  2.36  -0.50 0.93 15 0.93    15  9 0 37.88  1.4   9  6 3  3.7  4.1  30.74   8 29.43  29        2400
         AKQ  4.21        1.77  5            12 2 56.89  0.5   6  3 0  0.5  0.5                             2400
         WAL  3.58  +0.58 0.94 25 0.94    25  9 0 39.84  2.1   5  4 2  3.1  3.1                             2400
         WOO  1.54  -1.03         0.44 15-16 10 0 34.53  3.6   6  4 3  8.6  9.7  30.72   8 29.55  29        0800
         WSH  2.47  -1.06 1.18 15 1.18    15  9 1 45.28  3.0   5 10 3  7.8  8.1  30.70   8 29.41  26        2400
    NORTH CAROLINA
    [Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
         STN  T      T1     U  U1   V    V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3   4    5     6    6A   7    7A    8     S
         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         AVL  3.51  +0.11 1.48 15 1.48    15 10 1 47.26    T  12  1 0   T    T                              2400
         MRH  4.28        1.57 15 1.57    15  8 1 56.42  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.12  23 29.45  29         2400
         CLT  5.25  +2.07 1.77  5 1.92   4-5 11 2 41.88    T  15  2 2   T    T                              2400
         ECG  3.66  +0.60 1.06  5 1.15   4-5 10 1 43.67  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.51  17 29.39  29         2400
         FAY  2.69        0.80 28 0.91   4-5 10 0 32.03  0.0          0.0  0.0                              2400
         GSO  4.08  +1.02 1.61  5 1.82   4-5  9 2 31.87    T 3,15 3 0   T    T                              2400
                                                               18  
         HSE  4.80  +0.24 1.30 15 1.64 15-16 10 2 64.15  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.69   8 29.42  29         2400
         HKY  4.06  +0.47 1.47 15 1.48 15-16 10 1 48.31    T  15  1 0   T    T                              2400
         LBT  1.92  -1.30 0.72 28 0.73 28-29 10 0 25.90  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.67   8 29.46  29         2400
         EWN  3.64  -0.20 1.07 15 1.07    15 11 1 56.40  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.70   8 29.45  29         2400
         RDU  4.24  +1.20 1.41 15 1.41    15 12 2 33.41    T  15, 3 0   T    T                              1900
                                                              17,18
         RAL  4.67  +1.63         1.49   4-5 13 2 38.56  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.83   8 29.47  29         2400
         ROX  5.18  +1.82 2.44  5 2.44     5  9 2 42.09    T 6,18 2 0   T    T  30.73   8 29.44  29  30.09  2200
         ILM  4.15  +0.37 1.03 18 1.44 17-18 10 1 79.52  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.67   8 29.44  29         2400
    SOUTH CAROLINA
    [Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
         STN  T      T1     U  U1   V    V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3  4     5     6    6A   7    7A    8     S
         ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
         AND  4.68  +0.84 1.47 15 1.80   4-5 11 2 51.64   T 14,15 2 0   T    T                              2400
         CAE  4.09  +0.71 0.94 28 0.94    28  9 0 45.95  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.58   8 29.49  29         2400
         CRE  3.78  +0.33 0.86 28 1.21 17-18 10 0 62.42  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.63   8 29.47  29         2400
         CHS  3.25  +0.01 0.77  5 1.06 17-18 10 0 46.16  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.52   8 29.52  29         2400
         FLO  3.72  +0.25 1.32 28 1.39 28-29 10 1 43.93  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.63   8 29.45  29         2400
         GSP  4.82  +0.96 1.08  5 1.62   4-5 10 2 53.14  0.0          0.0  0.0                              2400
         OGB  2.84        1.12 28 1.22 28-29 10 1 41.91  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.55   8 29.50  29         2400    
    NEARBY STATIONS
    [Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
         STN  T      T1     U  U1   V      V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3  4     5    6   6A   7   7A    8     S
         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         TRI  2.71  -0.68 0.81 15 0.81    15  9 0 37.55    T  1, 4  0    T   0.2  30.57   7 29.45  28       2400
                                                            11,12,26
         DAV  4.63        0.79  4            23 0 59.36  6.7  3 23  9 35.7  63.5                            0700    

    Virginia:

    Annandale - Lowell adds these notes: " December was much below average in temperature and a little above average in precipitation. The December mean temperature of 34.7 was a departure of -3.0, the sixth coldest December, and the precipitation departure was 0.23 inches. For the year, we had a surplus of 2.58 inches of precipitation and a total of 46.88 inches for the year. The maximum, minimum and mean monthly average temperatures were all the lowest since the year 2000 which was the second coldest December in the last 25 years. Even though the month was cold, for the most part, there wasn't any extreme cold like last December 20th at 0813 when the wind chill was -13.1. The lowest wind chill this month was only +11.0 F on the 20th at 0619. The snowfall total for December was 7.4 inches, the most for December since 2003 and a departure of 4.7 inches for the month and the fourth greatest amount of snow recorded in December in the last 25 years. The snowfall total for 2005 was 29.2 inches which was the most snowfall for a year since 2003 when 49.9 inches was recorded. This December had five days with measurable amounts of frozen precipitation which tied the 25 year record. The year 1989, the coldest December on recorded also had five days with measurable frozen precipitation. Measurable snow cover lay on the ground for 19 days the most since 1989 when 24 days were recorded. The lowest temperature recorded for the month was 14 and the highest monthly maximum was only 58 which was the lowest monthly maximum since 2000. The maximum wind gust was 37 mph from WNW at 1825 on the 2nd. The maximum barometer reading of 30.74 inches on the 8th was the highest recorded for December since 1993 when it was 30.80 inches although 2000 was close with a barometer reading of 30.73 inches. December DAILY Records Tied or Broken (25 Years of records): LOW maximum: 14; LOW minimum: 8; HIGH range temperature record: 23; HIGH snowfall: 3, 9.

    For Lowell's summary of climatological data for the year 2005, click here. [ + - ] 

    Arlington - Report from Guyer at NWS LWX: " AVERAGE DECEMBER TEMPERATURES WERE MORE THAN THREE DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. OVERNIGHT TEMPERATURES WERE CONSISTENTLY CHILLY. RESIDENTS WOKE UP TO MORNING LOWS BELOW FREEZING 21 DAYS IN DECEMBER...WHICH IS 7 DAYS MORE THAN USUAL. IT WAS ALSO QUITE SNOWY FOR DECEMBER STANDARDS. 7 DAYS REPORTED MORE THAN A TRACE OF SNOW AND 3 OF THOSE WERE GREATER THAN 1 INCH...NEARLY ALL WITHIN THE FIRST 2 WEEKS. PATCHY SNOW ON THE GROUND IN MANY PLACES WAS A DISTANT MEMORY BY CHRISTMAS...AS DAYTIME TEMPERATURES MODERATED INTO THE 40S AND 50S. THE HIGHEST TEMPERATURE RECORDED FOR THE MONTH WAS 58 DEGREES ON CHRISTMAS EVE. " [ - + ] 

    Bridgewater - " The average temperature for the month was 3.7 degrees below normal while the precipitation was 1 inch below normal. There were three mini-snows during the month. The first of the month was rather cold while warmer weather occurred during the last week of the month. The barometer was very high on the 8th. For the year 2005, the temperature was 1.2 degrees above normal while the precipitation was 5.5 inches below normal. The number of thunderstorms was much below normal. We usually get 20-25 a year. Only 14 occurred last year. The snowfall was 8 inches below normal. There were no extreme weather situations here in our part of the Shenandoah Valley during 2005. - [ - - ] - report from Clayton

    Campbell County - " Campbell County had a seasonably cold month with some snow and sleet. Over all, throughout the month, both temperatures and precipitation stayed within the normal ranges. " - [ - + ] - notes from Roger

    Centreville - " With the approach of winter just around the corner, December temperatures were already in place for the start of some holiday shopping, good cheer, and dreaded dieting. Whilst patches of snow still lay upon the ground, `twas Christmas Eve when we nearly hit sixty. And above normal for the rest of the year is where our temperatures remained. Fifty-nine degrees was the highest recorded temperature for the month on the 24th and was a distant 20 short of a record. Ten days earlier we accounted for only 12 as the official Centreville monthly low, far away from the -4 of sixteen years ago. While an average high temperature of 41.9 coming in at 4.0 above normal and the average night time low of 26.8 being 1.3 above the 25.5 normal, our overall average for the month of 34.6 was a mere 1.1 below what we have come to expect. The low temperature departure of December was only second to May as having the least amount of deviation from normal for the year. The average low temperature departure from average for 2005 was +5.1. The precipitation deck of cards dealt a mixed hand with a little of everything laying on the December table; rain, snow, ice pellets, and freezing rain. Naturally changeovers never occur at a convenient time of day so for my new year resolution; no more late night and early morning snow board clearing-rain gauge prepping routines. Including the water equivalent from snow, our monthly liquid worked out to be 3.50", nearly half an inch, or 116% over the 3.02" normal. In the snow department, we trumped the normal December amount of 1.9" in the first half of the month with 7.1". That works out to 7.8" for the year and 312% over the seasonal average to date of 2.5". No reason to run out and gas up the blower just yet, but with eleven weeks of winter remaining, I guess I should still remain cautious. With time rapidly running out to record anything important for the year, I was dealt a big 4-5 for a final wind gust on December 26th. There were only five other months in 2005 when gusts exceeded 40 mph. The runner up to December's 45 mph, was a pair of 42's set back in January and February. And for rain, and except for September when only 0.17" of rain fell, most of the other months maintained a reasonable precipitation surplus to end the year 3.95" to the better. " - [ - - ] - summary from Paul

    Dulles - " AVERAGE DECEMBER TEMPERATURES WERE NEARLY THREE DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. PRECIPITATION FOR THE MONTH WAS NEAR NORMAL...BUT IT WAS QUITE SNOWY FOR DECEMBER STANDARDS. 6 DAYS REPORTED MORE THAN A TRACE OF SNOW AND 2 OF THOSE WERE GREATER THAN 1 INCH...NEARLY ALL WITHIN THE FIRST 2 WEEKS. PATCHY SNOW ON THE GROUND IN MANY PLACES WAS A DISTANT MEMORY BY CHRISTMAS...AS DAYTIME TEMPERATURES MODERATED INTO THE 40S AND 50S. THE HIGHEST TEMPERATURE RECORDED FOR THE MONTH WAS 59 DEGREES ON CHRISTMAS EVE. " - [ - - ] - report from Quell and Guyer at NWS LWX

    Falls Church - " A colder than average month even though the later half of the month started a warming trend. My snowfall was above average for the month. I would like to wish everyone here at ACON a Happy New Year " - [ - M ] - report from Erica

    Herndon - Bob reports:" My average MAX temperature was 5.2 degrees below the Dulles "normal" and the average MIN was 0.4 degrees ABOVE "normal". Snowfall was 4.2 inches ABOVE the Dulles average. " - [ - + ] 

    Herndon - Russ reports: " December began much colder than normal, but warmed up quite a bit in the end. Precipitation was slightly above normal. Temperatures ended up 2.5 degrees below average and rainfall was just 0.09" above normal. We had 5.5" of snow, which is above average. Snow fell on the 3rd (trace), 5th (2.0"), 6th (1.5"), 9th (2.0" of slush) and 15th (trace). Sleet mixed in on the 3rd and 9th. Freezing rain fell on the 3rd, 9th and 15th, but did not accumulate more than 1/8". We set a new, daily snowfall record on the 9th (2.0") and precipitation record on the 15th (1.10"). Quite a mix of winter weather! We even had enough shaded snow and ice left on the 25th, to provide us with a white Christmas! The year ended with precipitation 3.53" above average. " - [ - + ] 

    Ladysmith - Danny checks-in from his new home: " December brought above average precipitation and well below average temperatures, with 28 of 31 days having temperatures below freezing. 2.38" of rain on the 15th and 16th helped Ladysmith on its way to nearly 5" of rain for the month. 4" of snow fell on the 5th, which single-handedly exceeded Ladysmith's snowfall total from the entire 2004-05 season. Wishing everyone a happy and safe new year! " - [ - + ]

    Portsmouth - " December had below normal temperature averages (ending the 5 months in a row of above normal temps) and above normal rainfall (154%). Despite the colder than normal temps, no snow fell during the month. Mostly, daytime highs were more below normal than were the daily lows. On 13 days, temps dipped to 32 or below. Only two records noted for the month: 2ND - WIND GUST - 33 MPH [PREVIOUS 31 MPH 1989]; 14TH - TEMPERATURE - MINIMUM MAXIMUM 37 [PREVIOUS 40 1989]. The year ended with total rainfall of 50.46" which was 2.15" above normal or 104% of the norm. The yearlong average temp was 60.4 that was normal. [ - + ] 

    Woodstock - " Lauck reports the average temperature for the year was 55.1, some 0.2 BELOW normal. Temps ranged from a low of 7 to a high of 91. Rainfall measured 34.53" for the year and snowfall amassed to 24.8 for the year. - [ - M ] 

    North Carolina:

    Raleigh - " December was cooler and wetter than normal. The average daily temperature was 3 degrees below normal while precipitation was 1.63" above normal. The only winter precipitation occurred on December 15th when there was a thin glaze of ice from freezing rain. No severe weather was observed, however there was a thunderstorm on the 28th." - [ - + ] - notes from Bob.

    Raleigh - NWS Raleigh (RAH) reports: " December 2005 was highlighted by widespread rain that brought relief to the drought conditions affecting portions of North Carolina. Widespread precipitation events continued to bring much needed rainfall to North Carolina throughout the month. Monthly rainfall totals generally averaged between 4 and 5 inches, with localized amounts of 6 to 7 inches over portions of the southern Foothills. These rainfall totals were generally 1 to 2 inches above the December 30-year averages. All the rain was very welcome news for the drought-parched Piedmont, where a severe drought had gripped the region since August. In addition to the return of beneficial rain, cold temperatures were also felt over much of North Carolina during December. The overall monthly temperatures averaged below normal at many locations including Greensboro and Raleigh. The colder than normal temperatures observed at both GSO and RDU snapped a string of 7 straight months in which the temperatures averaged warmer than normal. The temperatures were cold enough to support a major ice storm that impacted portions of western North Carolina on December 14-15, 2005. The full DECEMBER 2005 Weather Review will be available at: http://www.erh.noaa.gov/rah/ncsummaries/MonthlySummary.Dec.2005.doc. " - [ - + ]

    Elsewhere:

    Tri-Cities: - " The monthly average temperature at Tri-Cities was 35.0 degrees, which was 2.3 degrees below normal. It ranked as the 16th coldest December on record at Tri-Cities. No daily records were broken. The coldest December at Tri-Cities was back in 1963, when the average temperature was only 27.8 degrees. Tri-Cities received 2.71 inches of precipitation in December, which was 0.68 inches below normal. It ranked as the 24th driest December on record at Tri-Cities. Measurable precipitation occurred on eleven days, but only four of those days had more than one-quarter of an inch of rain. The heaviest rain fell on the 15th, when 0.81 inches was reported. The driest December at Tri-Cities was back in 1965, when only 0.21 inches was recorded. The average temperature for the year at Tri-Cities was 56.4 degrees, which was 1.5 degrees above normal. It tied with 2004, 1965 and 1945 as the 28th warmest year on record at Tri-Cities. Below normal monthly temperatures occurred in March, May and December, the rest of the months were above normal. The warmest year at Tri-Cities was back in 1990, when the average temperature was 58.2 degrees. Tri-Cities received a total of 37.55 inches of precipitation in 2005, which was 3.78 inches below normal. It ranked as the 19th driest year on record at Tri-Cities. Above normal rainfall occurred only in April, June, July and August. The rest of the months were below normal, resulting in a deficit for the year. The driest year at Tri-Cities was back in 1939, when only 30.06 inches was recorded. " - [ - - ] - report from NWS MRX, Morristown, TN

    COLUMN DENOTATIONS:

    A  maximum mean temperature T total precipitation (inches)
    T1 departure from normal
    B  minimum mean temperature U maximum calendar day precipitation (inches)
    C  monthly mean temperature
    C1 departure from normal
    U1 date of maximum calendar day precipitation
    D  maximum temperature V date(s) of maximum daily precipitation
    E  date(s) of maximum temperature V1 maximum 24-hour precip. & date(s)
    F  minimum temperature W number of days with precip. >= .01"
    G  date(s) of minimum temperature  X number of days with precip. >= 1.0"
    H  days with maximum temperature >=90 Y year-to-date precipitation (inches)
    I  days with maximum temperature <=32 Z maximum calendar day snowfall (inches)
    J  days with minimum temperature <=32 VRB Variable
    K  days with minimum temperature <= 0 1 date of maximum calendar day snowfall (inches)
    K1 average relative humidity 2 number of days with snowfall
    L  peak wind gust (miles per hour)  3 number of days with snowfall >= 1.0"
    M  direction of peak wind gust 4  total snowfall for month (inches)
    N  date(s) of peak wind gust  5 total snowfall for 2005-2006 season (inches)
    N1   average wind speed (miles per hour) 6 maximum barometric pressure (inches)
    N2 dominant wind direction 6A date of maximum barometric pressure
    O  number of days with thunder  7 minimum barometric pressure (inches)
    P  number of days with hail 7A date of minimum barometric pressure
    Q  number of days with glaze 8   average sea-level pressure
    R  number of days with ice pellets STN  Station
    R2 sky cover percentage NR not recorded
    R1 number of days with dense fog [1/4 mile and less visibility] (i) incomplete data
    S  local observation time for temps/precipitation (M) missing, if listed in data table
     ~ "about" E estimated
     +  additional indeterminate number of days CWA - NWS Office County Warning Area


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    National Weather Service Web Sites & Current Email Addresses
    Within or Nearby the ACON VA/NC/SC Area Can Be Found At:

         NWS Washington/Baltimore, VA/MD
         NWS Wakefield, VA
         NWS Blacksburg, VA
         NWS Raleigh, NC
         NWS Newport/Morehead City, NC
         NWS Wilmington, NC
         NWS Greenville-Spartanburg, SC
         NWS Columbia, SC
         NWS Charleston, SC
         NWS Morristown, TN

         National Weather Service Homepages

         $$$ National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC $$$

    STATION / LOCATION (MILES & DIRECTION FROM MAIN POST OFFICE)/OBSERVER / YEAR RECORDS BEGAN / EMAIL ADDRESS:

      ROK   Roanoke, VA 6SW Wendell Prillaman  4/76 wlprillaman@cox.net
    ANN    Annandale, VA 1 3/4 ENE - Lowell Koontz  8/31/79  wwkoontz@verizon.net AKQ    Wakefield, VA NWS Wakefield Municipal Airport 36-58-53N 077-00-04W 33M
    DCA    Arlington, VA Washington, DC, Reagan Washington National Airport 38-50-54N 077-02-03W 18M WSH   Washington, VA  David Yowell runamok@runamok.com
    BCB    Blacksburg, VA NWS Virginia Tech Airport 37-13N 080-25W WEE   Weems, VA 3WNW Francis J. Socey
    BRI     Bridgewater, VA Clayton Towers Ctowers@rica.net WOO  Woodstock, VA 5NW Lauck Walton - 12/1/85 jwalton@shentel.net
    CEN  Centreville, VA Paul Bassett 1985, 38 50.9788' N LAT. 77 25.6374' W LON. | Elevation 324' | m.psb@verizon.net LDY Ladysmith, VA Danny Jessee 2003 danny@dannyjessee.com
    CCV   Campbell County, VA - 37 24' N 79 04' W - Roger Penny September 2005 bulletnva@yahoo.com WAL   Wallops Island, VA 37 56'26" N 75 27'47" W Wallops Flight Facility Airport
    CHO   Charlottesville, VA  Charlottesville-Albemarle Airport ASOS  (Rappahannock County) 38-08-18N 078-27-21W 192M AVL    Asheville, NC  Asheville Regional Airport 35-25-55N 082-32-15W 670M
    HVA   Chesapeake, VA  Hickory, James Earehart, 5/1/2005, kearehart@cox.net MRH    Beaufort, NC  Michael J. Field Airport 34-44-01N 076-39-38W 3M
    DAN  Danville, VA, Danville Regional Airport, 36-34-22N 079-20-10W 175M  BRE    Brevard, NC 1SE Bob Keehn 1/1/90 rkeehn@brinet.com
    IAD   Dulles - Washington-Dulles International Airport  38-56-05N 077-26-51W 93M  CLT    Charlotte, NC NWS Charlotte/Douglas International Airpot 35-12-48N 080-56-55W 220M
    FCH    Falls Church, VA Erica Page - 3/7/94 Windie1970@aol.com HKY  Hickory, NC 
    HAM    Hampton, VA 5NE Dave Kessel 1989 david82@verizon.net ECG  Elizabeth City, NC,  Coast Guard Air Station 36-15-47N 076-10-58W 11M
    CTR  Winterpock in Chesterfield County, VA Albert Arnold 06/03 FAY  Fayetteville, NC Fayetteville Regional Airport, 34-59-22N 078-52-48W 55M
    HER    Herndon, VA R.M. Beall P- 10/76   T-  1/91 beall47@earthlink.net GSO   Greensboro, NC NWS Piedmont Triad International Airport 36-05-51N 079-56-37W 275M
    HRN   Herndon, VA 4SW Russ Topping -  1985 weatherwatcher@cox.net HSE    Cape Hatteras, NC  Mitchell Field 35-13-56N 075-27-21W 3M
       MNC    Mebane, NC  Sean McManus 2005 - micman2b@pipeline.com
       LBT    Lumberton, NC  Lumberton Municipal Airport 34-36-26N 079-03-36W 37M
       EWN    New Bern, NC  Craven County Regional Airport 36-04-03N 077-02-50W 3M
    LXI     Lexington, VA  Scott M. Lancey, -  06/96 weather@midatlanticwx.com RAL    Raleigh, NC 7NNW  Bob Woodson -  6/1/93 kf4mmm@qsl.net
    LKU     Louisa, VA 1N Joseph Bowers 1944 - NWS ID  44-5050-02jmbiii@earthlink.net RDU   Raleigh-Durham, NC Raleigh-Durham International Airport 35-52-14N 078-47-11W 130M
    LOU     Louisa, VA 6S John Bullock (about 1970) INACTIVE 1/1/02 - MEMBER DECEASED FALL 2004 ROX    Roxboro, NC 2SE Merriell A. Jay 1/93
    LYH     Lynchburg, VA NWS Lynchburg Regional Airport 37-19-15N 079-12-24W 295M ILM     Wilmington, NC NWS New Hanover International Airport 34-16-06N 077-54-22W 9M
    NEW    Newmarket, VA 2W Joyce Winfree joywood@shentel.net CHS   Charleston, SC NWS Charleston Air Force Base 32-53-56N 080-02-26W 13M
    NPN     Newport News, VA 7N Gary Leonard -  6/91 GaryMLeonard@aol.com CAE    Columbia, SC NWS Columbia Metropolitan Airport 33-56-31N 081-07-05W 73M 
    NOR     Norfolk, VA 3NE Jim Fentress 6/1/77 FLO    Florence, SC Florence Regional Airport 34-11-16N 079-43-51W 44M
    ORF     Norfolk, VA 5NE 36-54-13N 076-11-31W 14M  1871 GSP   Greenville-Spartanburg, SC NWS Greenville-Spartanburg Airport 34-53-02N 082-13-15W 286M 
    POR     Portsmouth, VA 36.81° North 76.33° West 3S Bill Trotter -  7/1/76 wxr@cox.net CRE    North Myrtle Beach, SC Grand Strand Airport 33-48-42N 078-43-26W 10M
    MEC     Mechanicsville, VA Glen Martin 11/19/91 OGB   Orangeburg, SC  Orangeburg Municipal Airport 33-27-50N 080-51-13W 59M
    FHC    Norfolk, VA  Fred Heutte Center 36° 54'N 76° 16'W 01/01/03 fhcgarden@cox.net AND   Anderson, SC 
    RIC     Richmond, VA Richmond International Airport 37-30-40N 077-19-24W 50M TRI     Tri-cities, TN  (Bristol / Johnson / Kingsport), Tri-City Regional Airport 36-28-47N 082-23-56W 474M 
    ROA    Roanoke, VA Roanoke Regional Airport 37-19-01N 079-58-27W 362M DAV  Davis, WV Dave Lesher canaanwx@canaantv.tv