...UNSEASONABLY WARM &
DRY CONDITIONS PREVAIL...

Virtually all of your reports bear this out.  Only wet spot was Bristol, where precip was 1.14" in excess of the norm.  Think Russ Topping hit the nail on the head, " Wow!! Was that February??"  A cold December and a moderating January were followed by a rather dull February.  More often than not, when temperatures warm, the weather generally becomes more active.  Well, on the contrary, this February was almost inactive - considering that February can be a month of weather "madness."  A few near misses (or were they misforecasts?) could have made the month one to reckon with in the record books.  As usual, I leave it to Patrick Maloit of NWS (AKQ) Wakefield to summarize the month's weather events.

Patrick Maloit's FEBRUARY 2001 Hydrological Report:  "February had below normal rainfall across most of...Central...South Central and Southeast Virginia...Northeast North Carolina...and the Virginia and lower Maryland Eastern Shores. The month featured above normal snowfall across the Maryland and upper Virginia Eastern Shore...Northern Neck...and the Central Virginia Piedmont. Snowfall for February was below normal across Northeast North Carolina...and southside and Tidewater Virginia...and near normal. The bulk of the precipitation fell in association with 3 coastal storms...one in the beginning , middle, and end of February. 

The month started off with high pressure...anchored in the lower Mississippi Valley...in control of the region's weather...and a coastal front set up along the Carolina coast. A weak coastal low formed along the front on the 2nd ... producing light rain across locations near the Bay and Atlantic. The area of high pressure moved to New England by the 4th...as a storm system began to gather steam in the midwest.

This storm resulted in an area of low pressure just off the Virginia Capes the morning of the 5th...which moved northeast. This storm caused the 24 hour precipitation maxima for the month across the lower Maryland and upper Virginia Eastern Shore...Northern  Neck...and Peninsula...including 1.16 inches on Tangier Island. High pressure built in from the southwest from late on the 5th into the 6th. 

A weak cold front moved across the region from the 6th into the 7th...with high pressure building in behind it from the Great Lakes on the 7th...to the New Jersey coast by the 8th. A warm front was draped across the region on the 9th ... ahead of a low pressure system 
located in the Midwest. The warm front lifted north of the region...as the low moved toward the St. Lawrence River Valley. The trailing cold front with this low passed through the region on the 10th. Canadian high pressure built in from late on the 10th ... and dominated the region's weather through the 12th. 

An area of low pressure moved along a coastal trough from near Jacksonville on the 12th...to off the Delaware coast on the 13th...spreading light precipitation across the region. Canadian high pressure remained anchored along the spine of the Appalachians 
through the 14th. On the 15th a cold front moved into the Mid-Atlantic states from the west...then stalled out along the North Carolina/Virginia border on the 16th. 

An area of low pressure moved along the stationary front from the 16th into the 17th. This system produced the majority of daily precipitation maxima across the region from the 16th-17th...ranging from 0.34 inches at Louisa ... to 1.2 inches at Crozier in Goochland County. Canadian high pressure began to build into the Mid-Atlantic States late on the 17th...moving slowly eastward to a position off the Mid-Atlantic coast by the 20th. 

A cold front moved across the Mid-Atlantic states from the night of the 20th through the morning of the 21st...where it stalled out across the Carolinas. A wave of low pressure moved northeast along this front from late on the 21st through the 22nd...as cold air 
moved into the region from the northeast. The result was the only significant snow of the month across Central...East and Southcentral...and Southeast Virginia...Northeast North Carolina...and the Virginia and lower Maryland Eastern Shore. 

Snowfall totals from this storm ranged from less than an inch across Northeast North Carolina and Tidewater Virginia to 4 to 6 inches on the lower Maryland Eastern Shore...with most locations across Central...and south and east central Virginia receiving 2 to 4  Inches of snow. This storm also produced 24 hour precipitation maxima for February across Northeast North Carolina...including 0.77 inches measured by the co-operative observer in Elizabeth City from the 21st to the 22nd.


ACON - VA/NC/SC
The Atlantic Coast Observer Network: 
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina
http://www.pilot.infi.net/~bsmoot/acon.htm

SUMMARY OF CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA
FEBRUARY 2001



(continued from left column)

High pressure slowly moved from the Upper Plains on the 22nd to being centered in Southeastern Canada on the 24th. A warm front moved into the region from the southwest on the 25th...well in advance of a low pressure system located in the upper plains. The low moved off the Carolina coast by the morning of the 26th...producing light to moderate rainfall across the region as it passed. 

High pressure built into the region from the Midwest on the 26th then moved offshore by the morning of the 27th. A cold front crossed the Mid-Atlantic states on the 27th...producing light rain across the area. The cold front was offshore by the morning of the 28th...as high pressure built in from the Central Plains to close the month.

February 2001 precipitation totals ranged from 1.21 inches at Louisa...to 3.28 inches on Gwynn's island in Mathews County. Snowfall totals ranged from a trace at several locations...to 6 inches in Princess Anne on the lower Maryland Eastern Shore. 

The winter of 2000-2001 ended up drier than normal at most locations. Precipitation totals ranged from 4.47 inches at Lewiston in Bertie County...to 9.17 inches at Kilmarnock in Northumberland  County. Snowfall totals for the 2000-2001 season will be given with the March summary."

DATA Acquisition - Had some difficulty getting data as one of the usually reliable servers is denying access and the server for BCB/LYH/ROA had not posted February data as of 3/31/01. 

CHO - Interesting to see some data coming out of DCA for Charlottesville.  Data was incomplete but sufficient to add this month.



SNOWFALL MAP - FEBRUARY 22. 2001
http://tgsv5.nws.noaa.gov/er/akq/feb22snow.jpg

Jim Fentress (NOR) lost his mother in February.  She was a splendid woman and I was fortunate to have met and conversed with her. 

Dave Kessel (HAM) reports his mom has recovered well from her surgery and that he will resume his weather reports next month.


 
ACON VA/NC/SC Member Station Extremes - February 2001
State
Maximum Temperature
Minimum
Temperature
Warmest
Average
Temperature
Coldest
Average
Temperature
Maximum
Precipitation
Minimum
Precipitation
Virginia
75° Roanoke (ROK)
11°
Louisa (LKU)
45.0° 
Portsmouth
38.01°
Louisa (LKU)
2.77"
Mechanicsville
0.80"
Bridgewater
North Carolina
80°
Lumberton
17° 
Brevard
51.5° 
Wilmington
44.2° 
Roxboro & Brevard
3.67"
Brevard
2.19"
Charlotte
South Carolina
81°
Florence & Charleston
24° 
Greenville-Spartanburg
54.6°
Charleston
48.3°
Greenville-Spartanburg
2.72"
North Myrtle Beach
1.92"
Columbia

Virginia:

Annandale -  Lowell reports: " Feb was warmer and drier than average - the mean temp. was 39.32  a +1.7  departure for Feb.  The tot. Precip. Was 1.96 inches , dep. -0.98 inches the least since 1995 & only 4 of the last 21 yrs. were drier. The total snowfall was  3.3 inches  the most since 1997  but still a negative departure of -2.5 inches.  The most unusual occurrence ---  no really deep low pressures in the month of Feb.  The lowest pressure was 29.72 inches on the 10th. The old record was 29.66 inches in 1978.   I have had a barograph since 1960 with the earlier records from a  Rockingham Co. station  and this may be at least a 41 year record high minimum pressure for the month of feb.  The Feb. ave. barometric pressure was 30.24 the highest since 1989.  Only two Febs. in the last 21 years have had more clear skies days.  The 2 deg.  temp. range for Feb. 16th was the lowest temp. range ever recorded (21yrs. Records) at this station.  The old record of three degrees was recorded in four different years the last being in 1992."

Arlington - NWS WBC reports: "After a cold December... and a January slightly warmer than normal...  February continued the trend and was substantially warmer than normal.  Day to day temperatures were widespread...featuring one day that reached 70...and one day the never made it out of the 20s. However... the majority of days hit highs in the 50s...and all but 7 days were either in the 40s or 50s. Nighttime lows were mainly in the 20s and 30s.  Interestingly enough...an indication of how warm our winters have been in recent years   ... even though February 2001 was almost three and a half degrees warmer than the 30 year normal...it was our coldest February in five years.  DCA's mean temp was 3.4oabove normal while the rainfall departure was 0.88" below  the norm.  A record high of 70 was set on the 9th breaking the previous record of 68 set in 1949.  The average wind speed was 9.5 mph."

Bridgewater - Clayton remarks:  "The average temperature was 6.5 degrees above normal, and the precipitation was 1.47 inches below normal.  Snowfall was 5 inches below normal.   It's getting very dry in our part of the Shenandoah Valley.  Precipitation for the last five months is 7.53 below normal. The monthly average for this period is 1.12 inches. The roads on the 22nd were very slippery from a mini-snowstorm. I've been in the Shenandoah valley for over fifty years, and I've never known them to be this slick. Accidents were everywhere. Interstate 81 had several serious pile-ups of cars and trucks.    Although, the temperature was around 23 degrees when the snow started, the roads were relatively warm from several days of warm weather. The first snowflakes melted, and the roads became slushy. That was followed by a sudden burst of rather heavy snow causing extremely slippery conditions.  Also. the visibility was poor from the heavy snow and fog. This was a weather event to be remembered. I don't expect to see another one like it."

Centreville - Paul notes: "As far a Februarys go, this is probably one of the least exciting in recent memory.  A bunch of robins showed-up early, and my electric bill seems almost normal.  The average daily temperature at 39.3o  was nearly six degrees above normal, and the average low was more than seven degrees over the 23.3o normal.  Water wise, we came in a little under half of the 2.64Ē we normally would expect, and the lack of a decent snowfall didnít help out much either with a total of only 3.5Ē.  With the seasonal snowfall being just a flake over a foot, Iíve been taking my snow blower out for late night walks to help ward off any latent vapor lock."

Dulles - The average wind speed - according to NWS WBC - was 7.6 mph.

Falls Church - Erica notes: "February 2001 was a warmer than normal month but normal in rainfall.  However, snowfall was way below normal with only 2.5" when my average is around 6.5"."

Herndon - "Wow!  Was that February? Record highs of 67.2 and 62.4 on the 9th and 10th. Not much snow to speak of, as has been the norm the past several years. I miss it!" - from Russ

Herndon - Remarks from Bob: "Many spring signs but max recorded wind chill below freezing on 20 days out of the 28. Temperature readings to tenths do not imply significance. Barometer readings are uncorrected."

New Market - Joyce reported:  "Precip is way below normal for the month.  Our pond is way down for this time of year and it is spring fed.  This is how we gauge our water supply for the well."

Newport News - "Brief heavy snow on the 22nd.  Though I was not at home to witness it, I did from I-64 on my way to Elkton, VA.  Was stuck behind the 26 vehicle crash in Goochland County.  3 to 4 inches in that area with very icy roads."
Norfolk - From  NWS AKQ:  The monthly precip was 1.31" below norm while the average monthly temp was 2.9o above normal.  The average wind speed was 9.8 mph.
Portsmouth - February was above average in temperature (+2.4o ) with precipitation 1.15" below normal (66%).  The month continued below normal with respect to snowfall.  A wind speed average of 5.5 mph from a dominant NE direction was noted. No cold periods noted, quite unusual for the region this time of year.  Rainfall for the year is only 50% of the norm (-3.66").
Richmond - According to NWS AKQ:  Richmond's rainfall was 0.61" below normal while temps averaged 3.5o above normal.  The average wind speed was 8.4 MPH.

Mechanicsville -  "Snow shower on the 12th around 1000 hour.  Snow starting at 0930, heavy at times, ended by 1400 hour.  Sleet shower around 1730 hour." -Glenn

Roanoke -  "A warm, dry February with an average temp of 43.1°, 5.4° above the norm.  Rainfall was 1.91" below normal.  The snowfall of 3.2" was also 3.2" below the normal.  This was my 2nd warmest February on record.  The warmest was February 1990 at 45.4°." - notes from Wendell

Vienna - Bob sends this report:  "February was much warmer (+3.0°) than my average and also drier than average for both rain and total snowfall.   Readings of 60° or higher were recorded on four days. The monthly max was 70° observed on the 9th. Only one day had a max  temp of 32° or colder (29°/22nd). Most other daily readings were in the 40s and 50s. The monthly minimum was 16° which is within my typical February range. Measurable snow occurred on just two days (5th and 22nd). Windy conditions occurred on a number of days/nights with frontal passages or strong  zonal, SW flow.  As a harbinger (?) of spring, I spotted my first Robin on the 17th."
Washington - Dave reports: "December was the 2nd coldest month I've recorded in the 10 years I have been at this location, about 9o below the normal."

Woodstock -  Lauck reports that the month was a little warmer and drier than most February's.

North Carolina:
Asheville - From NWS GSP: The monthly mean temp was 5.8o above normal while rainfall  was 1.18" below normal.  The average wind speed was 7.2 mph.

Brevard -  Bob reports: "February was a warm month, with 623 degree days required over a standard 30 day interval compared with a 10 year avg. of 680 DD. However, the month continues to be drier than usual with 3.67" of rain compared with a ten year avg. of 6.37". The year to date rainfall, 7.65", is about half the ten year average of 14.15". Cloud cover for the month averaged 58 percent."
Charlotte - NWS GSP reports the mean temp here was 5.3o above normal while precip was 1.65" below normal.  The average wind speed was 6.1 mph.

Concord - Tom reports: "The tired same old story continued over South Central NC in Feb., warmer and drier than normal with only 2.34" of precipitation measured in February (62% of normal); Normal precipitation is 3.77".  February ended with an overall average temperature of 47.3 degrees which was a huge +4.3 degrees above normal. We had a trace of snowfall for the month with only one day recorded with a little snow, sleet and rain mixed. We also experienced severe thunderstorms in the area on 2/16 which resulted  in sporadic wind and hail damage. Damage was confined mostly to older trees and power lines; little structure damage was reported in the immediate area."

Lumberton - The average wind speed was 6.7 MPH.  - from NWS ILM

Raleigh -   Bob emails these notes: "Apparently winter will only be for one month this season (December 2000). The average daily temperature for February was 3.7 degrees above
normal while precipitation was 0.98" below normal. Since October 2000, this location is over 9.5" below normal.  Approximately 1 inch of snow and sleet accumulated on February 22nd causing few problems."

Roxboro - Merriell notes:  "February was 5° warmer than normal and 1" below normal with respect to precipitation.  No major events occurred during the month.  Temperatures were a seesaw effect most of the month."
Wilmington -  From NWS ILM:  The average wind speed was 7.8 mph, the average temperature was 4.2o above normal while rainfall was 1.42" deficient.  A record high temp was set on the 15th. (79o )

South Carolina:
Columbia - NWS CAE reports the monthly mean temp was 4.9o above norm.  Rainfall was 2.2" below  the norm.   The average relative humidity for February was 69%.

Charleston - Notes from Eleanor at NWS CHS: "Records:  Downtown Charleston: February 26 -- Record High Tied 78 degrees previous also 78 set in 1996.  No other records set in February.  Winter statistics:  Average temperature   47.9   (-1.9)  Total precipitation        6.03"  (-3.87)  Thanks to a record setting December, the winter of 2000-01 averaged almost 2 degrees below normal. This recovery was largely due to the well above normal February of 2001, with its temperature just over 4 degrees above normal.  The dry trend continues across the Lowcountry with total precipitation for the season about 61% of normal.  Only one decent rain event in February...on the 12th, with about an inch of rain.  Below normal rainfall remains a big concern, as February continued the dry trend.  For the month, the total was only about 1 inch below normal, but many areas inland reported 2 to 3 inch deficits for the month, including Orangeburg and Columbia."  Monthly precipitation was 0.99" below normal and the mean temp was 4.1o above normal.
Florence - NWS ILM reports the mean temp there was  5.0o above normal while rainfall was 1.38" below normal.  No temp or precip records were set/tied this month.
Greenville-Spartanburg - The monthly temps averaged 4.9o above normal while total rainfall was 2.1" below normal.   The average wind speed was 6.2 mph.  - NWS GSP
North Myrtle Beach - From NWS ILM:  Rainfall was 0.7" below normal.  Temps averaged 1.8o above normal.  The average wind speed was 6.7 MPH.  No temp and precip records were set this month.

Orangeburg - The average wind speed was 5.9 mph and the average relative humidity was 70%. (from NWS CAE)

Nearby Cities:
Tri-cities/Bristol area noted temps averaging 6.0o above the norm with total rainfall 1.14" above the norm. - from NWS Morristown, TN

(Please note the column denotations table below.)
TEMPERATURES / WIND / ELEMENTS

VIRGINIA

(Please note the column denotations table below.)
TEMPERATURES / WIND / ELEMENTS


VIRGINIA

STN  A      B    C    D      E F     G    H I  J K L  M     N  O P Q R R1 S
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANN 48.43 30.21 39.32 70     9 19   18   0  1 19 0 38 W    10  0 0 1 1  1 2400
                                                   33 W    30
CEN 48.1  30.5  39.3  68     9 18   18   0  1 18 0 19 NW   10  0 0 0 0  0 1200/2400
                                                   21 W     9
CHO                   69     9 16   19   0  1 21 0 33 SSW  10  0 0 0 0  3 2400
DCA 49.9  31.8  40.9  70     9 21   18   0  1 13 0 51 W    10           1 2400
IAD                   69     9 14   19   0  1 21 0 45 NE    9             2400
BRI 52.4  30.6  41.5  70     9 15   18   0  0 18 0             0 0 0 0  0 0530/1600
FCH 49.6  32.3  41.0  70     9 21   18   0  1 12 0 40      10  0 0 0 0  0 2400
HER 47.4  29.0  38.2  66.4   9 17.2 18   0  1 18 0 31      10  0 0 0 0 NR 2400
HRN 47.8  28.7  38.4  67.2   9 16.6 18   0  1 20 0 44 S     9  0 0 1 1  0 2400
LKU 51.25 24.78 38.01 68     9 11   23   0  0 22 0 32 WSW   9  0 0 0 0  0 2400
LOU 54.43 32.29 41.86 70    10 19   18   0  0 15 0             1 0 1 0  0 0800
NEW 51.14 27.43 39.29 68     9 13    4   0  1 20 0 43 W    10  0 0 0 0  1 1700
NPN 53.5  33.2  43.3  71     9 22   19   0  0 15 0 36 ENE  22  0 0 0 1  2 2300
NOR 53.6  35.2  44.4  71     9 23   19   0  0  8 0             0 0 0 2  0 2400
ORF 52.6  35.3  43.9  71     9 21   19   0  0  7 0 40 E    22  0 0 0 0  0 2400
POR 53.5  36.5  45.0  70     9 25   19   0  0  8 0 31 N    21  0 0 0 0  2 2400
MEC 53.96 33.32 43.21 70  9,20 16   23   0  0 14 0             0 0 0 1  0 1800
RIC 53.1  31.4  42.2  70     9 17   23   0  0 17 0 35 SW    9  0 0 0 0  1 2400
ROK 55.6  30.7  43.1  75     9 19 3,4,18 0  0 18 0 27 NW 10,20 0 0 1 0  0 2200
                                    19             30 NW   30
AKQ 54.89 30.61 42.75 71     9 20   19                                    2400
WOO 50.8  30.0  40.4  69    10 17   18   0  1 17 0             0 0 0 2  2 0800
WSH 48.8  28.3  38.5  65.0   9 17.1 18   0  1 20 0 28 NE   17  0 0 1 1  0 2400
                                                    
NORTH CAROLINA
STN  A      B    C    D      E F    G     H I  J K L  M     N  O P Q R R1 S
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AVL 55.7  33.3  44.5  72    16 20    3   0  0 15 0 43      17             2400
BRE 56.7  31.7  44.2  67    16 17  4,6   0  1 17 0 29       2  0 0 0 0  0 1600
CLT 59.2  36.3  47.8  73    16 23    6   0  0 11 0 41 NW                  2400
CND 60.2  35.5  47.3  73.5  16 22.9  6   0  0 13 0 18 W     9  1 0 1 1  4 2400
LBT 61.3  37.7  49.5  80    16 27 18,19  0  0  8 0 31 NNW  17  2 0 0 0  4 2400
RAL 57.9  33.5  45.7  72     9 19   23   0  0 15 0 29      10  0 0 2 2  0 2400
ROX 55.9  32.5  44.2  70    17 20   23   0  0 12 0 29 NW   17  0 0 1 2  3 2100
ILM 62.9  40.1  51.5  79 15,16 28   19   0  0  5 0 38 SW 16,17 1 0 0 0  2 2400
SOUTH CAROLINA
STN  A      B    C    D      E F    G    H  I  J K L  M     N  O P Q R R1 S
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CAE 63.1  40.2  51.7  75 21,26 26    6                                    2400
CHS 65.3  43.9  54.6  81    15 31   19   0  0  3 0 37 NW   21  1 0 0 0  2 2400
CRE 59.9  39.5  49.7  77 15,16 27   19   0  0  4 0 30 SW   16  0 0 0 0  7 2400
                                                   30 NNW  17   
FLO 63.6  40.6  52.1  81    16 28   19   0  0  5 0 38 WSW  16  3 0 0 0  4 2400
GSP 58.8  37.8  48.3  73    16 24    3   0  0  6 0 41 NW                  2400
OGB 64.1  41.5  52.8  78    26 28    6   0  0  4 0 38 W    17  2 0 0 0  6 2400
NEARBY LOCATIONS
STN  A      B    C    D      E F    G     H I  J K L  M     N  O P Q R R1 S
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
TRI 55.0  31.7  43.4  70     8 13    3   0  0 15 0                        2400
CHW 41.0  23.9  32.4  62.3   9  3.2  3   0  7 21 0                        2400

(Please note the column denotations table below.)
PRECIPITATION / BAROMETRIC PRESSURE

VIRGINIA

STN  T     U       V      V1   W X   Y      Z  1  2 3    4    5      6       7        S
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANN  1.96  0.58  5 0.61 16-17 10 0  4.79  2.5 22  2 1  3.3 11.3  30.73  12 29.72  10 2400
                16
CEN  1.29  0.63 16 0.71 15-16  9 0  3.69  2.3  2  2 2  3.5 12.4  30.68  12 29.76  15 2400
CHO  1.04  0.30 16,23          9 0
DCA  1.83  0.64  5 0.64  5    10 0  4.05  2.8 22  2 1  2.8  7.2                      2400
IAD  1.67  0.79 16 0.92 15-16  8 0  4.21  2.7 22  2 2  3.7  8.8                      2400
BRI  0.80  0.33 16 0.33 16     4 0  2.72  2.2 22  0 1  2.2  7.6  30.41     29.86     0530/1600
FCH  2.23  0.82  5 0.82  5    10 0  4.40  2.5 22  2 1  2.5  9.0                      2400 
HER  1.95  0.85 16 0.86 16-17 10 0  4.86  2.0 5,  3 2  4.1 14.3  30.74  12 29.58  10 2400
                                              22                                    
HRN  1.91  0.81 16 0.84 16-17  9 0  4.60 1.75 22  2 2 2.75 11.55 30.657 12 29.712 10 2400
                17
LKU  1.21  0.32 22 0.32    22  8 0  3.47  0.0               3.0  30.69     29.85     2400
LOU  1.40  0.85 17             3 0  5.95  3.0 22  0 1  3.0  3.0  30.70  11           0800
NEW  1.91  0.81 16 0.84 16-17  9 0  4.60 1.75 22  2 2 2.75 11.55 30.657 12 29.712 10 1700
                                             8,21
NPN  2.65  0.75  5 0.87 16-17 10 0  4.01  2.1 22  0 1  2.1  2.3  30.66  12 29.67  17 2300
NOR  2.37  0.66 17            11 0  3.91  0.5 22  1 0  0.5  1.0                      2400
ORF  2.16  0.65 17 0.68 16-17  7 0  3.62  0.8 22  2 0  0.8  1.3  30.65  12 29.72  17 2400
POR  2.20  0.79 17 0.81 16-17 11 0  2.71  0.3 22  2 0  0.3  1.6  30.660 11 29.748 17 2400
MEC  2.77  0.59  5 0.61   5-6  9 0  5.14  2.4 22  2 0  2.4 5.15  30.11  11 29.44  28 1800
RIC  2.55  0.66 16 0.90 16-17 11 0  4.61  2.5 22  1 1  2.5  5.0  30.69  12 29.77  10 2400
ROK  1.22  0.61 16 0.61 15-16  6 0  3.23  3.0 22  3 1  3.2  6.2  30.57  12 29.82  10 2400
AKQ  2.58  0.75 18            11 0  4.15  2.4 22  2    2.4  3.5                      2400
WOO  1.34  0.45 17,23          9 0  3.48  4.0 23  3 1  4.6 14.5  30.84  12 30.22  15 0800
                23
WSH  0.85  0.36 16 0.36    16  7 0  2.46  2.0 22  4 1  2.2  8.8  30.66  12 29.76  10 2400

NORTH CAROLINA
STN  T     U       V      V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3  4     5       6       7        S
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AVL  2.73  1.00 25 1.06 24-25 12 1  5.36  0.7 22  2 0  0.8  8.9                      2400
BRE  3.67  1.58 25             9 1  7.65  0.0          0.0 12.5  30.53  11 29.93  15 1600
CLT  2.19  0.71 17 0.86 16-17  9 0  4.06  0.0          0.0  2.7  30.58  12 29.74  17 2400
CND  2.34  0.60 17 0.92 16-17  7 0  4.08  0.0     1 0    0  4.0  30.57  12 29.77  17 2400
LBT  2.40  0.65 12 0.65    12  7 0  3.67  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.56  19 29.73  17 2400
RAL  2.71          1.13 16-17 11 1  4.17  1.0 22  1 1  1.0  3.0  30.68  12 29.83  17 1900
ROX  2.55  1.00 17 1.00 17    10 1  5.09  0.5 22  0 0  0.5  0.5  30.63  12 29.78  17 2100
ILM  2.28  0.85 12 0.86 12-13 10 0  2.96  0.0          0.0  0.2  30.57  19 29.72  17 2400
SOUTH CAROLINA
STN  T     U       V      V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3  4     5       6       7        S
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CAE  1.92                           3.77  0.0          0.0    T                   19 2400
CHS  2.31  1.05 12 1.05    12  9 1  3.38  0.0          0.0    T  30.53  19 29.81  17 2400
CRE  2.72  1.52 12 1.52    12 12 1  3.80  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.55  19 29.76  17 2400
FLO  1.98  1.20 12 1.20    12  7 1  3.47  0.0               0.0  30.52  19 29.72  17 2400
GSP  2.31  0.73 25 0.73    25  9 0  5.32    T 21         T  5.5  30.58  12 29.74  17 2400
OGB  2.44  1.11 22 1.11    22 10 1  4.74  0.0          0.0                           2400
NEARBY LOCATIONS
STN  T     U       V      V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3  4     5       6       7        S
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
TRI  4.58          1.53 14-15 11 0  7.14                         30.55  18 29.78  16 2400
COLUMN DENOTATIONS:
A  maximum mean temperature T total precipitation (inches)
B  minimum mean temperature U maximum calendar day precipitation (inches)
C  monthly mean temperature U1 date of maximum calendar day precipitation
D  maximum temperature V date(s) of maximum daily precipitation
E  date(s) of maximum temperature V1 maximum 24-hour precip. & date(s)
F  minimum temperature W number of days with precip. >= .01"
G  date(s) of minimum temperature  X number of days with precip. >= 1.0"
H  days with maximum temperature >=90 Y year-to-date precipitation (inches)
I  days with maximum temperature <=32 Z maximum calendar day snowfall (inches)
J  days with minimum temperature <=32 1 date of maximum calendar day snowfall (inches)
K  days with minimum temperature <= 0  2 number of days with snowfall
L  peak wind gust (miles per hour)  3 number of days with snowfall >= 1.0"
M  direction of peak wind gust 4  total snowfall for month (inches)
N  date(s) of peak wind gust  5 total snowfall for 2000-2001 season (inches)
O  number of days with thunder  6 maximum barometric pressure (inches)
P  number of days with hail 6A date of maximum barometric pressure 
Q  number of days with glaze 7 minimum barometric pressure (inches)
R  number of days with ice pellets 7A date of minimum barometric pressure
R1 number of days with dense fog (i) incomplete data
S  local observation time for temps/precipitation (M) Missing, if listed in data table
 ~ "about" E estimated
 +  additional indeterminate number of days NR not recorded

STATION  /  LOCATION (MILES & DIRECTION FROM MAIN POST OFFICE) /
OBSERVER  / YEAR RECORDS BEGAN /  EMAIL ADDRESS:

ANN    Annandale, VA 1 3/4 ENE - Lowell Koontz  12/90  wwkoontz@bellatlantic.net ROK   Roanoke, VA 6SW Wendell Prillaman  4/76
DCA    Arlington, VA NWS Webmaster (Sterling):  james.decarufel@noaa.gov VNA    Vienna, VA Robert Boott, 1.5SW Robert.Boott@tma.osd.mil
BCB    Blacksburg, VA NWS Webmaster:  William.Perry@noaa.gov AKQ    Wakefield, VA NWS Webmaster:  Neil.Stuart@noaa.gov
BRI     Bridgewater, VA Clayton Towers Ctowers@rica.net WSH   Washington, VA  David Yowell runamok@runamok.com
CEN   Centreville, VA Paul Bassett 1985 pbassett@sitestar.net WEE   Weems, VA 3WNW Francis J. Socey
CHO   Charlottesville, VA  Airport ASOS  (Rappahannock County) WOO  Woodstock, VA 5NW Lauck Walton - 12/1/85 jwalton@shentel.net
IAD     Dulles International Airport  Webmaster (Sterling): james.decarufel@noaa.gov AVL    Asheville, NC NWS NWS GSP:  bryan.mcavoy@noaa.gov
FCH    Falls Church, VA Erica Page - 3/7/94 Windie1970@aol.com BRE    Brevard, NC 1SE Bob Keehn 1/1/90 Bob_Keehn@citcom.net
FRB    Fredericksburg, VA 7SW Ken McKneely mckneelys@email.msn.com CLT    Charlotte, NC NWS NWS GSP:  bryan.mcavoy@noaa.gov
HAM    Hampton, VA 5NE Dave Kessel 1989 dckessel@home.com CND  Concord, NC 3 W, Highway 73, 2 miles E of I85.  stormwatch@vnet.net
HER    Herndon, VA R.M. Beall P- 10/76   T-  1/91 beall47@earthlink.net GSO   Greensboro, NC NWS Webmaster (Raleigh/RAH): Richard.Jones@noaa.gov
HRN   Herndon, VA 4SW Russ Topping -  1985 rtopping@erols.com RAL    Raleigh, NC 7NNW  Bob Woodson 6/1/93 kf4mmm@qsl.net
LKU     Louisa, VA 1N Joseph Bowers 1944 - NWS ID  44-5050-02 jmbiii@earthlink.net RDU   Raleigh-Durham, NC NWS Webmaster:  Richard.Jones@noaa.gov
LOU     Louisa, VA 6S John Bullock (about 1970) LBT    Lumberton, NC FAA Lumberton 34o 37'N 79o  04'W
LYH     Lynchburg, VA NWS Webmaster (Blacksburg):  William.Perry@noaa.gov ROX    Roxboro, NC 2SE Merriell A. Jay 1/93
NEW    Newmarket, VA 2W Joyce Winfree joywood@shentel.net ILM     Wilmington, NC NWS  nwsilm@wilmington.net
NPN     Newport News, VA 7N Gary Leonard -  6/91 GaryMLeonard@aol.com CHS   Charleston, SC NWS, courtesy of Eleanor Vallier-Talbot
Eleanor.Vallier-Talbot@noaa.gov
evaltal@wpmedia.com
Webmaster Contents CHS: Theodore.Rodgers@noaa.gov
NOR     Norfolk, VA 3NE Jim Fentress 6/1/77 CAE    Columbia, SC NWS caewx@noaa.gov
  OGB   Orangeburg, SC NWS caewx@noaa.gov
ORF     Norfolk, VA 5NE NWS 1871 Webmaster (Wakefield): Hugh.Cobb@noaa.gov GSP   Greenville-Spartanburg, SC NWS bryan.mcavoy@noaa.gov
POR     Portsmouth, VA 3S Bill Trotter -  7/1/76  pwrs@pilot.infi.net RUB    Ruby, SC 3 NW Franklin Hancock
MEC     Mechanicsville, VA Glen Martin 11/19/91 FLO    Florence, SC nwsilm@wilmington.net
RMD    Richmond, VA Roy Britt 8/22/83  roybritt@earthlink.net CRE    North Myrtle Beach, SC  nwsilm@wilmington.net
RIC     Richmond, VA NWS TRI     Tri-cities/Bristol, TN  NWS Webmaster (Morristown):W-Mrx.Webmaster@noaa.gov
ROA    Roanoke, VA  Webmaster (Blacksburg):  William.Perry@noaa.gov CHW  Canaan Heights, WV Dave Lesher  wxdave@boo.net