...COLD AIR ABATES...

Looking over and compiling your data for the January '01 report led to the conclusion that most of our average temps were roughly 4 to 5 degrees above those of the previous month.  However, snowfall and rainfall totals continued below normal.  After a month of well below normal readings in December '00, January's temperatures averaged above normal as the Eastern Seaboard/Mid-Atlantic troughiness of the previous month was replaced by a more zonal flow and some ridging of high pressure over the area.  There were no major storms nor were there severe outbreaks.

Oddly, North Myrtle Beach reported 5 new record lows, considerably out of step with the rest of the area and with a 3.2 deg. deficient departure from normal.  Eleanor reports similar - but not to the extent of CRE - conditions with regard to low temperatures in Charleston, SC where the low temps and new record lows drove the monthly temperature average to 1.4 degrees below normal.

In his January NWS narrative hydrologic report for the Wakefield forecast area, Patrick Maloit reported:  "January had below normal rainfall and snowfall across most of 
central, south central, and southeast Virginia...northeast North Carolina...and the Virginia and Lower Maryland Eastern Shores. The first half of the month was dry...as a west to northwest flow aloft...kept gulf moisture from reaching the Mid-Atlantic States...and any coastal storms that developed moved quickly out to sea. In the latter half of the month, the upper level winds were predominately out of the southwest. This allowed for some gulf moisture to come into the region...and for coastal storms to move farther north along the coast. The result was that the vast majority of all precipitation that occurred in January across the Mid-Atlantic States fell in the last half of the month. 

Canadian high pressure controlled the weather across the region from the 1st through the 5th of January. The high moved offshore on the 5th...as a relatively dry cold front moved across the area late on the 5th into early on the 6th. High pressure built in from the gulf 
coast states from the 6th into the 7th. 

An area of low pressure moved from northern Michigan on the 7th to western South Carolina on the morning of the 8th. The low then moved off the North Carolina coast during the day on the 8th. This low Spread light to moderate precipitation across southeast Virginia and northeast North Carolina...including a January 24 hour maxima of 0.32 inches at Lewiston in Bertie County. High pressure then built in from Canada starting late in the day on the 8th. This high dominated the weather across the Mid-Atlantic states through the 13th.

An area of low pressure over Iowa the morning of the 14th...interacted with a coastal trough along the Carolina coast to form a coastal low that night...spreading rain from northeast North Carolina...northward along the coast...to the Maryland Eastern Shore. 
This low produced a 24 hour precipitation maxima for the month of  0.56 inches at Assateague Island in Worcester County. The low moved to off the New Jersey coast on the 15th...as high pressure built in from the central plains through the morning of the 17th.

A complex weather pattern affected the Mid-Atlantic states from the 17th through the morning of the 21st. During this period an area of disturbed weather in the mid levels of the atmosphere interacted With a coastal trough...that extended from the Gulf of Mexico to off the Delmarva...to produce significant rainfall across the region.  Most of the 24 hour maxima resulting from this stormy period were from the 19th to the 20th...as an area of low pressure moved from the Alabama gulf coast on the 19th to off the New Jersey coast on The 20th. The precipitation ended as a light dusting of snow at most  locations on the 21st...as the low moved away from New England...and Canadian high pressure built into the region.


ACON - VA/NC/SC
The Atlantic Coast Observer Network: 
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina
http://www.pilot.infi.net/~bsmoot/acon.htm

SUMMARY OF CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA
JANUARY 2001



(continued from left column)

24 hour precipitation maxima for the month of January from the 17th to the 21st ranged from 0.40 inches at Eastville on the Virginia Eastern shore (19-20th) to 2.16 inches at Jackson in northeast North Carolina (19-20th)...and included 1.25 inches at vienna on the 
Maryland Eastern Shore (17-18th)...0.91 inches at Louisa (18-19th)...1.32 inches at Hague on the Northern Neck (19th)...1.25 inches at the Elizabeth City coast guard station (20th)...and 1.41 inches at Colonial Beach on the Northern Neck (20th-21st).

High pressure dominated the region from late on the 21st through the day on the 24th. An area of low pressure developed off the Virginia Capes from late on the 24th into the 25th...spreading light precipitation to mainly coastal locations. High pressure built back 
in from the afternoon of the 25th into the 26th. A weak cold front passed through the region on the 27th...spreading scattered showers across the Mid-Atlantic states.

High pressure built into the region late on the 27th...and moved offshore the morning of the 29th. A complex low system slowly approached from the lower Mississippi Valley late on the 29th...moving offshore early on the 31st...spreading scattered light precipitation across the region. High pressure then built in from the west to close the month. 

January 2001 precipitation totals ranged from 0.90 inches at Lewiston in Bertie County...to 3.46 inches at the Maryland State Police barracks in Salisbury. Snowfall totals for the month ranged from a trace at several locations...to 1.3 inches at Tangier Island.


Try this Internet weather links jump start page:
http://www.pilot.infi.net/~bsmoot/textonly.htm


 
 

 
ACON VA/NC/SC Member Station Extremes - January 2001
State
Maximum Temperature
Minimum
Temperature
Warmest
Average
Temperature
Coldest
Average
Temperature
Maximum
Precipitation
Minimum
Precipitation
Virginia
69° Newport News, Norfolk (ORF & NOR), Wakefield
 
Louisa (LKU)
40.6° 
Portsmouth
28.3°
Centreville
4.55"
Louisa (LOU)
1.46"
Norfolk (ORF)
North Carolina
76°
Lumberton
4° 
Brevard
45.5° 
Wilmington
36.7° 
Asheville
3.98"
Brevard
0.68"
Wilmington
South Carolina
78° 
Florence & Orangeburg
13° 
Columbia
46.4° 
Charleston
41.7°
Greenville-Spartanburg
3.01"
Greenville-Spartanburg
1.07"
Charleston

Virginia:

Annandale -  Lowell sends these notes: " Mean temp 34.1 was near the ave.  of 34.0 but the precip total 2.83 inches was below the ave. with a departure of -0.70 inches,  The highest max. of 56° was the lowest max temp in January since '94 when 56° was also recorded; but 55° is the 21 yr. record.  There were only five days of 50° or higher, the least since 1994.    The highest minimum temp. of 38° was the lowest since '95  but the lowest  min. was only 16° which was the highest since '93.  It was the cloudiest since 1998 though it had only eight days with precip.  the least since 1992.  The total snowfall was  4.2 inches which was much below the average of 8.4 inches.  The maximum wind was 41 mph on the 27th  below the average  max.  wind for January of 37 mph."
Arlington - NWS WBC reports DCA's mean temp was 0.9o above normal while the rainfall departure was 0.50" below  the norm.  No records were set.  The average wind speed was 7.9 MPH.  After a cold December, temperatures averaged slightly above normal with precipitation slightly below normal.  Temperatures in January averaged more than 3 degrees warmer than they did in December.
Blacksburg - In Blacksburg...the mean temp was 1.6o above normal while precip was 0.77" below normal.

Bridgewater - Clayton reports:  "The precipitation was .68 inches below normal, and the snowfall was much below normal. The average temperature was 1.2 degrees above normal.
There were three mini-snows during the month. Weatherwise, the month of January was quite boring. "

Centreville - Paul sends this report: "Not a spectacular month for averages.  Everything (except for the nighttime lows, naturally) was fairly close to normal, even the precip.  The monthly average temperature was almost two degrees above the norm of 31.4 in spite of a week's worth of days when low temperatures were in the teens or never above freezing.  Just one night, when we had a major heat event, did it get up to 32 during the period.  This didn't do much good to help out the average daily lows which were above the 21.8 degree normal by 4.5 degs. while the highs averaged not quite a degree below the norm.  The 20th and 21st brought us an interesting winter event starting with a good amount of rain then doing the sleet mixing to snow routine as temperatures dropped during the night and flakes ended around 7 AM with a total of 3.5", not enough for a normal person to pull-out the old snow blower, but I figured what the heck, go ahead and look foolish as it shouldn't surprise anyone!!"
Dulles - The monthly precipitation total, according to NWS WBC, was 0.16" below normal while the average temperature was in excess by 1.4o The average wind speed was 5.7 mph.

Falls Church - Erica notes: "This month saw normal temperatures and rainfall but below normal snowfall.  The snowstorm on January 20th gave the most snow for the month when 3" fell in Falls Church."

Herndon - Russ sends these notes: "The new year brought an end to the unusually cold temperatures we saw in December. The month was 1.4 degrees above normal. Precipitation was normal, although snowfall continues to be below normal. No records were set this January at my station. We had a dusting of snow on the 2nd, 1.5" from an Alberta clipper on the 5th, rain changed to snow on the 8th and left .1", rain changed to sleet and then 2" of snow on the 20th. The last snowfall was on the 21st, with 1.5".

Herndon - Remarks from Bob: "First robin sighted on the 31st but not cited.  January thaw right on schedule.  Temperature readings to tenths do not imply significance.  Barometer readings are uncorrected."

Louisa - "Another dry month. Precip was down over six inches for Y2K.  Now it's colder than normal.  Cold and dry - when I go out to feed my dog, he raises a dust cloud running  in excitement.  Is this what it's like in cold deserts - Gobi ?" - from Joe

Lynchburg - From NWS BCB:   The monthly mean temperature was 1 degree above normal; rainfall was 0.43" below normal.

New Market - Joyce noted:  "Temperatures and precip were close to normal for January."

Norfolk - From  NWS AKQ:  The monthly precip was 2.32" below norm while the average monthly temp was 0.2o above normal.  The average wind speed was 7.7 mph.

Portsmouth - The month began cold with the first 4 days continuing the December chill as highs remained in the 40s and lows ranged through the 20s.  But the balance of the month was warmer than average with the monthly mean temp 0.6 degree in excess of the norm.  Another colder spell occurred from the 21st through the 26th.  The month was dry, the 2nd driest in the database which goes back to 1976.  By month's end temps were pushing the 70 degree mark.  December records here (in spite of a pretty normal January): 2nd - minimum maximum temperature 36o(previous 37o in 1977); 3rd - minimum maximum temperature 36o(previous 37o in 1977); 20th - Maximum daily precipitation - 0.70" (previous 0.68" in 1981)
Richmond - According to NWS AKQ:  Richmond's rainfall was 1.18" below normal while temps averaged 1.5o above normal.  The average wind speed was 6.6 MPH.

Mechanicsville - Glenn reports: "A thunderstorm on the 19th occurred at 1920 hours."
Roanoke - NWS BCB notes: The mean temp was 2.5oabove normal and the monthly precip was 0.83" below normal.

Roanoke -  Wendell reports:  The month was cold and windy but still averaged 22.7 degs. above normal.  Precip was 0.87" below the normal.  No snowfall which was 6.1" below the normal January.

Vienna - Bob reports:  "January temp and precip were slightly below the long-term average. Total snowfall of 5.0 was 61% of the monthly average. We had no big snowstorms here. Seasonal snowfall so far is running a little below average. No temperature extremes were noted. Overall, January returned to more normal winter conditions."
Washington - Dave reports: "December was the 2nd coldest month I've recorded in the 10 years I have been at this location, about 9o below the normal."

Woodstock -  Lauck reports that January temperatures were normal--indeed exactly the same mean as last year--34.4 degrees.  Precipitation also normal, at 2.41 inches, the ninth wettest of 16 years, though below the 16 year average, which is inflated by the extremely wet '96,'98 and '99.    My water expert (the Rainsoft franchisee) tells me that the water table is very low and at least 9 wells in the county have gone dry.

North Carolina:
Asheville - From NWS GSP: The monthly mean temp was 1.0o above normal while rainfall  was 0.62" below normal.  The average wind speed was 8.2 mph.

Brevard -  Bob reports via email: "January was on the cool side, requiring 872 degree days of heat compared with the ten year average of 828 DD. The mean high temperature,
49.2 deg., was 1.6 deg. below the ten year average while the mean low, 24.5 deg., was 3.7 deg below. The dry spell is continuing with 3.98" recorded compared with a ten year average of 7.78". Cloud cover for the month averaged 64 percent with 15 days of 100 percent cloud cover and 7 days 10 percent or less. The snow accumulation, 0.2" was one tenth the ten year average which resulted from five measurable snowfalls in January from 1990 to 1999."
Charlotte - NWS GSP reports the mean temp here was 1.4o above normal while precip was 1.84" below normal.  The average wind speed was 5.4 mph.

Concord - Tom notes: "The drought continues over Southcentral NC with only 1.74" of precipitation measured in January (41% of Normal); with normal being 4.15".  Many area communities have water restrictions in place including the City of Concord which as of 2/01/01 has mandatory water restrictions which means a very difficult year ahead may be in store for the local area. After a record setting cold December, January ended with an overall average temperature of 40.6 degrees which was +0.8 degrees above normal. We had no measurable snowfall which was unusual but not uncommon for this part of NC. We also experienced severe thunderstorms in the area on 1/30/01 which is fairly unusual for us; we do experience thunderstorms quite often in the winter months but we do not see Severe Thunderstorm Watches issued in Nov., Dec., Jan., or Feb. very often."

Greensboro -  NWS RAH reports that the mean temp was 2 degrees above normal while the rainfall for the month was 0.64" below normal.

Lumberton - The average wind speed was 6.3 MPH.  - from NWS ILM

Raleigh -   Bob reports that January was rather mild and dry.  The average daily temp was 2 degrees above normal.  In fact, the average daily high was 5.5 degrees warmer than in December 2000.  A surprise dusting of snow occurred on the 9th but most melted by that evening.

Raleigh - NWS RDU reports the mean temperature was 2.7 degrees above normal; rainfall was 2.18" below normal.  On the 19th, a high pf 73 set a new record surpassing the old 72 set in 1951.  A new record low of 12 degrees was set on the 3rd, far surpassing the previous 13 set in 1979.

Roxboro - Merriell sends these observations:  "January's weather varied from hard freezes to springlike.  Temperatures averaged about 2 degrees above normal.  Precipitation was 1.1" below normal.  A trace of sleet was noted on the 5th but not any snow fell in January."

Wilmington -  From NWS ILM:  "After a cold start to the month of January...average temperatures ended up on a warm note. The average temperature for the month of January in Wilmington was 0.6 degrees above normal.   No temperature records were broken in January.  January was a dry month...with the total rainfall measuring 3.19 inches below normal.
61% of possible sunshine was received with the normal of 56%.  The average wind speed for the month was 7.7 mph. The 30th was the breeziest day with a day-long average of 14.2 mph. The highest 2-minute winds for the month were 30 mph from the southwest...which also occurred on the 30th.

South Carolina:
Columbia - NWS CAE reports the monthly mean temp was 0.2o above norm.  Rainfall was 2.57" below  the norm.  A record low of 13 set on the 3rd surpassed the previous record of 15 set in 1918.  On the 19th, the high of 76 set a new record with the previous 73 in 1951.  The average wind speed was 5.9 mph.

Charleston - "Records: Charleston International Airport Low temperature on the 1st, 22 degrees, previous record 24 set in 1963; Low temperature on the 4th (tied), 19 degrees, previous record 19 set in 1940.  No other records set.  January was a somewhat unremarkable month, except for the cold low temperatures that continued from December, though not nearly as cold.  Minimum temperatures ran about 3 degrees below normal.  Two record lows were set in January 2001 at the Charleston Airport, none at the Customs House downtown.  It was another dry month with a lack of substantial rainfall.  Precipitation ran over 2" below normal.  Since June 2000, five of the eight months had below normal rainfall." --Eleanor
Monthly precipitation was 2.38" below normal and the mean temp was 1.4o below normal.
Florence - NWS ILM reports the mean temp there was  1.7o below normal while rainfall was 2.04" below normal.  A record low temp was set on the 4th (16 deg.) and a record high temp was set on the 19th (78 deg.)
Greenville-Spartanburg - The monthly temps averaged 1.6o above normal while total rainfall was 1.09" below normal.   64% of possible sunshine was recorded.  The average wind speed was 6.3 mph.  - NWS GSP
North Myrtle Beach - From NWS ILM:  Rainfall was 2.22" below normal.  Temps averaged 3.2o below normal.  The average wind speed was 6.4 MPH.  Record low temps were set on the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 11th, and 26th.  (22, 19,17, 25, 21 degrees)

Nearby Cities:
Tri-cities/Bristol area noted temps averaging 0.8o below the norm with total rainfall 0.67" below the norm. - from NWS Morristown, TN

(Please note the column denotations table below.)
TEMPERATURES / WIND / ELEMENTS


VIRGINIA

STN  A      B    C    D      E F     G    H I  J K L  M     N  O P Q R R1 S
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANN 41.29 26.97 34.13 56 11,31 16   22   0  4 25 0 41 WNW  27  0 0 0 3  1 2400
                                                   33 W    30
BCB             31.8  58    30 11  3,23            39 WNW  20             2400
CEN 40.0  26.3  28.3  54 11,30 17 22,23  0  6 27 0 21 NW    6  0 0 1 1  1 1200/2400
                                                   21 W     9
DCA 42.8  28.2  35.5  59    11 20    3   0  0 22 0 45 WNW  27             2400
IAD 41.5  22.6  32.0  57    11 11 22,23  0  4 26 0 43 W    27             2400
BRI 44.9  22.6  33.7  62    30  3    3   0  0 26 0             0 0 0 1  0 0530/1600
FCH 42.2  26.8  34.5  59    11 15  1,2   0  1 20 0             0 0 0 1  1 2400
HER 39.5  25.0  32.3  53.4  11 12.4 22   0  6 27 0 27      27  0 0 1 0  2 2400
HRN 40.2  25.1  32.8  56.0  11 13.4 23   0  5 26 0 34 WNW  27  0 0 0 1  3 2400
LKU 45.39 19.73 32.56 63    30  2    3   0  0 28 0 34 WNW  27  0 0 0 0  0 2400
LOU 44.48 27.00 35.74 60    30 12   26   0  0 26 0             0 0 0 0  1 0800
LYH             34.7  63    30  6    3             36 SSW  30    
NEW 43.97 21.06 32.52 61    30  3    3   0  2 27 0 43 NW   27  0 0 1 0  2 1700
NPN 48.2  28.5  38.4  69    30 14    3   0  0 22 0 33 NW   21  0 0 0 0  2 2300
                                                   33 W    27
                                                   33 SW   30
NOR 48.4  31.1  39.7  69    30 21  4,5   0  0 21 0             0 0 0 0  1 2400
                                    24       
ORF 47.4  31.2  39.3  69 19,30 19  4,5   0  0 19 0 39 SW       0 0 0 0  0 2400
POR 48.5  32.8  40.6  67 19,30 22    4   0  0 18 0 31 WSW  27  0 0 0 0  2 2400
MEC 46    28    37    65    30 11    3   0  0 20 0             1 0 0 0  0 1800
RIC 47.5  26.8  37.2  67    30 12    3   0  0 23 0 38 NW                  2400
ROA             36.8  63    30 13    3             47 WNW  27
ROK 47.5  25.7  36.6  64    30 10    3   0  0 25 0 37 NW   27  0 0 0 0  0 2200
                                                   30 NW   30
AKQ 49.42 26.48 37.95 69    30  9    3   0  0 24 0                        2400
WOO 43.1  25.6  34.4  59    11 14    3   0  0 27 0             0 0 0 0  4 0800
WSH 41.5  25.8  33.7  56.2  11 17.1  3   0  2 26 0 22 S    10  1 0 0 3  0 2400
VNA 41.6  23.8  32.7  55    11 11   22   0  3 27 0             0 0 0 0  1 2200
NORTH CAROLINA

STN  A      B    C    D      E F    G     H I  J K L  M     N  O P Q R R1 S
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AVL 47.2  26.1  36.7  65    31 10    3   0  3 24 0 48 NW                  2400
BRE 49.2  24.5  36.9  61     4  4    3   0  0 23 0 29       9  0 0 0 0  2 1600
CLT 52.3  29.1  40.7  67    15 11    3   0  0 21 0 32 N                   2400
CND 53.5  28.1  39.8  68.6  15  9.4  3   0  0 21 0 18 W    25  1 0 0 1  3 2400
GSO 48.7  28.6  38.7  64    31 11    3           
LBT 54.5  31.9  43.2  76    19 14    4   0  0 19 0 33 SW   19  0 0 0 0  3 2400
RAL 53.7  28.0  40.9  68    30 11    3   0  0 21 0 28      30  0 0 0 0  1 2400
RDU 53.1  30.0  41.6  73    19 12    3      
ROX 49.0  29.3  39.2  66    30 15    3   0  0 20 0 29 NW   27  0 0 0 1  4 2100
ILM 56.5  34.6  45.5  74    19 18    4   0  0    0 41 SW   30  1 0 0 0  1 2400
SOUTH CAROLINA

STN  A      B    C    D      E F    G     H I  J K L  M     N  O P Q R R1 S
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CAE 55.9  32.1  44.0  76    19 13    3   0  0 17 0 33 SW                  2400
CHS 58.1  34.6  46.4  73    19 19    4   0  0 16 0 45 S    30  0 0 0 0  4 2400
CRE 53.8  33.1  43.5  66    20 17    4   0  0 17 0 32 SW   30  0 0 0 0  2 2400
FLO 57.1  34.0  45.5  78    19 16    4   0  0 18 0 36 SSW  30  0 0 0 0  2 2400
GSP 51.9  31.4  41.7  66    31 14    3   0  0 19 0 32 SW                  2400
OGB 56.5  33.2  44.9  78    19 16    3                                    2400
NEARBY LOCATIONS

STN  A      B    C    D      E F    G     H I  J K L  M     N  O P Q R R1 S
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
TRI 43.6  22.7  33.2  65    29  5    3   0  4 25 0                        2400
CHW 31.9  19.0  25.4  48.0  29  5.3  3   0 16 29 0                        2400

(Please note the column denotations table below.)
PRECIPITATION / BAROMETRIC PRESSURE

VIRGINIA

STN  T     U       V      V1   W X   Y      Z  1  2 3    4    5      6       7        S
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANN  2.83  1.25 19 1.30 19-20  8 1  2.83  1.8 21  4 3  4.2  8.0  30.59  22 29.57  30 2400
BCB  2.07                                                                         
CEN  2.40  1.23 19 1.55 19-20  6 1  2.40  3.5 20  3 2  4.8  8.9  30.59  22 29.54  30 2400
DCA  2.22  1.02 19             9 1  2.22  1.1 21  4 2  2.4  4.4                      2400
IAD  2.54  1.16 19             8 1  2.54  3.2 21  7 2  5.1  8.2                      2400
BRI  1.92  0.92 19 1.03 19-20  6 0  1.92  0.8 20  2 0  1.6 11.6  30.41     29.78     0530/1600
FCH  2.17  1.02 19 1.35 19-20  5 1  2.17  3.0 20  3 2  4.5  6.5                      2400 
HER  2.91  1.24 19 1.24 19     8 1  2.91 2.75 20  7 3  6.0 10.2  30.62  22 29.40  30 2400
                                                                                  31
HRN  2.69  1.20 19 1.25 19-20  9 1  2.69  2.0 20  4 3  5.1  8.8  30.569 22 29.570 30 2400
                17
LKU  2.26  1.10 19 1.10 19     8 1  2.26          0 0  0.0  3.0  30.61     29.49     2400
LOU  4.55  2.50 31             3 2  4.55  2.0  5  2 1  2.0  2.0  30.70  20 29.80  31 0800
LYH  2.42                           2.42                                          
NEW  2.05  0.77 19             7 0  2.50  0.5 5,6      2.5                           1700
                                             8,21
NPN  1.73  0.52 14 0.52    14  9 0 49.97  0.2  3  1 0  0.2  0.2  30.67  13 29.38  17 2300
NOR  1.54  0.71 20 0.71    20  8 0  1.54  0.0          0.0  0.5                      2400
ORF  1.46          0.68 19-20  8 0  1.46  0.1 21  1 0  0.1  0.5                      2400
POR  1.51  0.70 20 0.71 20-21  8 0  1.51    T 21  0 0    T  1.3  30.630 22 29.600 30 2400
MEC  2.37  1.15 20 1.65 19-20  8 1  2.37 0.25 21  1 0 0.25 0.25  30.07  22 29.25  30 1800
RIC  2.06          1.00 19-20  9 0  2.06  0.3 21  1 0  0.3  2.5                      2400
ROA  1.79                                                                            2400
ROK  2.01  1.09 19 1.09    19  6 1  2.01               0.0  3.0  30.54  22 29.59  30 2400
AKQ  1.57  0.44 20             8 0  1.57  0.1 21       0.1  1.1                      2400
WOO  2.41          0.75 19-20  9 0  2.41  2.5 21  9 2  4.3  9.9  30.68  22 29.92  31 0800
WSH  1.61  0.65 19 0.65    19  7 0  1.61  1.6 20  8 2  2.6  6.6  30.56  22 29.58  30 2400
VNA  2.92  1.21 19 1.21    19  7 1  2.92  3.5 12  4 1  5.0  8.5                      2200
NORTH CAROLINA

STN  T     U       V      V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3  4     5       6       7        S
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AVL  2.63          1.22 18-19 10 1  2.63    T 1,2,       T  8.1  30.52   2 29.63  30 2400
                                          9,20,21,25
BRE  3.98  1.95 19 1.95    19  9 1  3.98  0.2  2  3 0  0.2 12.5  30.47  22 29.72  19 1600
CLT  1.87          0.63 19-20  7 0  1.87    T  1  1 0    T  2.7  30.53   2 29.66   5 2400
CND  1.74  0.55 19 0.78 18-19  7 0  1.74  0.0     1 0    T  4.0  30.50   2 29.64   5 2400
GSO  2.53          1.01 19-20       2.53    T            T  2.0                      2400
LBT  1.27  0.45 20 0.49 19-20  6 0  1.27  0.0          0.0  0.0  30.52  22 29.66   5 2400
RAL  1.46          0.63 19-20  9 0  1.46  0.3  9  1 0  0.3  2.3  30.62  24 29.63  30 1900
RDU  1.30          0.70 19-20       1.30    T             T 2.3          
ROX  2.54  0.69 19 0.69    19  8 0  2.54  0.0     0 0  0.0  2.0  30.55  22 29.63   5 2100
ILM  0.68          0.25 13-14  5 0  0.68  0.0          0.0  0.2  30.49  22 29.66   5 2400
SOUTH CAROLINA

STN  T     U       V      V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3  4     5       6       7        S
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CAE  1.85          0.93 19-20  6 0  1.85  0.0          0.0    T  30.54   2 29.68  19 2400
CHS  1.07  0.34  8 0.34     8  8 1  1.07  0.0     0 0  0.0    T  30.50   2 29.73   8 2400
CRE  1.08  0.44 12 0.44 11-12  9 0  1.08                    0.0  30.48   2 29.68   5 2400
FLO  1.49  0.71 12 0.71 11-12  6 0  1.49                    0.0  30.50   2 29.65   5 2400
GSP  3.01  1.14 19 1.22 18-19  9 1  3.01    T 1,8 2 0    T  5.5  30.53   2 29.64  19 2400
OGB  2.30                           2.30                                             2400
NEARBY LOCATIONS

STN  T     U       V      V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3  4     5       6       7        S
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
TRI  2.56          1.34 18-19  9 1  2.56                         30.58   2 29.56  30 2400
COLUMN DENOTATIONS:
A  maximum mean temperature T total precipitation (inches)
B  minimum mean temperature U maximum calendar day precipitation (inches)
C  monthly mean temperature U1 date of maximum calendar day precipitation
D  maximum temperature V date(s) of maximum daily precipitation
E  date(s) of maximum temperature V1 maximum 24-hour precip. & date(s)
F  minimum temperature W number of days with precip. >= .01"
G  date(s) of minimum temperature  X number of days with precip. >= 1.0"
H  days with maximum temperature >=90 Y year-to-date precipitation (inches)
I  days with maximum temperature <=32 Z maximum calendar day snowfall (inches)
J  days with minimum temperature <=32 1 date of maximum calendar day snowfall (inches)
K  days with minimum temperature <= 0  2 number of days with snowfall
L  peak wind gust (miles per hour)  3 number of days with snowfall >= 1.0"
M  direction of peak wind gust 4  total snowfall for month (inches)
N  date(s) of peak wind gust  5 total snowfall for 2000-2001 season (inches)
O  number of days with thunder  6 maximum barometric pressure (inches)
P  number of days with hail 6A date of maximum barometric pressure 
Q  number of days with glaze 7 minimum barometric pressure (inches)
R  number of days with ice pellets 7A date of minimum barometric pressure
R1 number of days with dense fog (i) incomplete data
S  local observation time for temps/precipitation (M) Missing, if listed in data table
 ~ "about" E estimated
 +  additional indeterminate number of days NR not recorded

STATION  /  LOCATION (MILES & DIRECTION FROM MAIN POST OFFICE) /
OBSERVER  / YEAR RECORDS BEGAN /  EMAIL ADDRESS:

ANN    Annandale, VA 1 3/4 ENE - Lowell Koontz  12/90  wwkoontz@bellatlantic.net ROK   Roanoke, VA 6SW Wendell Prillaman  4/76
DCA    Arlington, VA NWS Webmaster (Sterling):  james.decarufel@noaa.gov VNA    Vienna, VA Robert Boott, 1.5SW Robert.Boott@tma.osd.mil
BCB    Blacksburg, VA NWS Webmaster:  William.Perry@noaa.gov AKQ    Wakefield, VA NWS Webmaster:  Neil.Stuart@noaa.gov
BRI     Bridgewater, VA Clayton Towers Ctowers@rica.net WSH   Washington, VA  David Yowell runamok@runamok.com
CEN   Centreville, VA Paul Bassett 1985 pbassett@sitestar.net WEE   Weems, VA 3WNW Francis J. Socey
CHO   Charlottesville, VA 3N John Stewart  (Rappahannock County) - 1/91 - Inactive WOO  Woodstock, VA 5NW Lauck Walton - 12/1/85 jwalton@shentel.net
IAD     Dulles International Airport  Webmaster (Sterling): james.decarufel@noaa.gov AVL    Asheville, NC NWS NWS GSP:  bryan.mcavoy@noaa.gov
FCH    Falls Church, VA Erica Page - 3/7/94 ERICA96661@aol.com BRE    Brevard, NC 1SE Bob Keehn 1/1/90 Bob_Keehn@citcom.net
FRB    Fredericksburg, VA 7SW Ken McKneely mckneelys@email.msn.com CLT    Charlotte, NC NWS NWS GSP:  bryan.mcavoy@noaa.gov
HAM    Hampton, VA 5NE Dave Kessel 1989 dckessel@home.com CND  Concord, NC 3 W, Highway 73, 2 miles E of I85.  stormwatch@vnet.net
HER    Herndon, VA R.M. Beall P- 10/76   T-  1/91 beall47@earthlink.net GSO   Greensboro, NC NWS Webmaster (Raleigh/RAH): Richard.Jones@noaa.gov
HRN   Herndon, VA 4SW Russ Topping -  1985 rtopping@erols.com RAL    Raleigh, NC 7NNW  Bob Woodson 6/1/93 kf4mmm@qsl.net
LKU     Louisa, VA 1N Joseph Bowers 1944 - NWS ID  44-5050-02 jmbiii@earthlink.net RDU   Raleigh-Durham, NC NWS Webmaster:  Richard.Jones@noaa.gov
LOU     Louisa, VA 6S John Bullock (about 1970) LBT    Lumberton, NC FAA Lumberton 34o 37'N 79o  04'W
LYH     Lynchburg, VA NWS Webmaster (Blacksburg):  William.Perry@noaa.gov ROX    Roxboro, NC 2SE Merriell A. Jay 1/93
NEW    Newmarket, VA 2W Joyce Winfree joywood@shentel.net ILM     Wilmington, NC NWS  nwsilm@wilmington.net
NPN     Newport News, VA 7N Gary Leonard -  6/91 GaryMLeonard@aol.com CHS   Charleston, SC NWS, courtesy of Eleanor Vallier-Talbot
Eleanor.Vallier-Talbot@noaa.gov
evaltal@wpmedia.com
Webmaster Contents CHS: Theodore.Rodgers@noaa.gov
NOR     Norfolk, VA 3NE Jim Fentress 6/1/77 CAE    Columbia, SC NWS caewx@noaa.gov
  OGB   Orangeburg, SC NWS caewx@noaa.gov
ORF     Norfolk, VA 5NE NWS 1871 Webmaster (Wakefield): Hugh.Cobb@noaa.gov GSP   Greenville-Spartanburg, SC NWS bryan.mcavoy@noaa.gov
POR     Portsmouth, VA 3S Bill Trotter -  7/1/76  pwrs@pilot.infi.net RUB    Ruby, SC 3 NW Franklin Hancock
MEC     Mechanicsville, VA Glen Martin 11/19/91 FLO    Florence, SC nwsilm@wilmington.net
RMD    Richmond, VA Roy Britt 8/22/83  roybritt@earthlink.net CRE    North Myrtle Beach, SC  nwsilm@wilmington.net
RIC     Richmond, VA NWS TRI     Tri-cities/Bristol, TN  NWS Webmaster (Morristown):W-Mrx.Webmaster@noaa.gov
ROA    Roanoke, VA  Webmaster (Blacksburg):  William.Perry@noaa.gov CHW  Canaan Heights, WV Dave Lesher  wxdave@boo.net