ACON - VA/NC/SC
The Atlantic Coast Observer Network:   Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina
http://members.cox.net/wxr/acon.htm

SUMMARY OF CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA 
JANUARY 2004

...A COLD AND DRY WINTER MONTH...

The mild December continued into the first 5 days of January, but the temps took a plunge for the remainder of the month. Most all stations noted below normal temperatures. Those that didn't - AVL, ROK and GSP - exceeded their averages by only a few tenths of a degree. In fact, a few stations noted cold temperatures that put January 2004 in the top months for cold during the years of the database. Below 0F temps noted at New Market and across the northwest border in Davis, West Virginia. Dave Lesher (DAV) noted temperatures continuously below 0F from January 19th through the end of the month! Generally, the cold air came as upper troughs were carved out over the Eastern United States with some of the coldest arctic temps seen in some time, particularly over the Northeastern US.

And with the cold came drier than normal weather with water equivalent totals well-below normal. Much of the precipitation across the region came in the form of snow during two significant periods, one around the 9th and the other on the 25th and 26th. While both snows were generally on the light side, our snowbirds were satisfied that winter would come and go with a bit of the wintry stuff. Blacksburg recorded the most snow for the month with 12.6". Both snows resulted from upper lows moving across the area from the northwest and from the west-southwest. Both systems failed to tap the abundant Gulf or Atlantic moisture sources. The second system on the 25th did bring some warmer air northward and the system's precip ended as a brief changeover to or mix with sleet and a layer of freezing rain. Snow totals would have been more significant with this system had the mixing not occurred. Cold temps returned, keeping the snowfall in the last week of the month on the ground across many of our more northern stations. A weather observer northwest of Winchester reported that after the first snowfall on the 9th, the ground was not seen uncovered by snow or ice for the remainder of the month! No deep coastal systems impacted the area during January. And even most all of our southern and southeastern coastal stations saw snow fall during January with Greenville-Spartanburg reporting an inch of snow on the 25th.

  • REMINDER All National Weather Service station data listed herein is preliminary and may be subject to change.  The data has not been certified and cannot be used in legal actions.  Only reports certified by the National Climatic Data Center in Asheville, NC may be used for these purposes.

ACON VA/NC/SC Member Station Extremes - JANUARY 2004
State
Maximum Temperature
Minimum
Temperature
Warmest
Average
Temperature
Coldest
Average
Temperature
Maximum
Precipitation
Minimum
Precipitation
Virginia
78°
Norfolk (ORF)
Portsmouth
-1°
New Market
38.7°
Norfolk (ORF)
27.6°
Lexington
2.55"
Blacksburg
0.85"
Bridgewater
North Carolina
78°
Elizabeth City
Wilmington

Roxboro
42.8°
Wilmington
35.9°
Asheville
2.18"
Wilmington
0.57"
Fayetteville
South Carolina
79
Charleston
17°
Anderson
Florence
46.3°
Charleston
41.4°
Greenville-Spartanburg
2.23"
North Myrtle Beach
0.93"
Florence

(Please note the column denotations table below.)
TEMPERATURE / WINDS/ ELEMENTS

VIRGINIA
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
STN  A      B    C      C1    D      E F     G    H I  J K L  M     N  O P Q R R1 S
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
ANN 35.68 20.97 28.32 -5.79 72     4  5   10   0 17 26 0 40 W    28  0 0 4 4  2 2400
BCB 38.9  20.3  29.6  -1.3  67   3,4  2   11   0 11 26 0 41 300 28  0 0 2 2  1 2400 
BRI 39.9  22.1  31.0  -1.5  75     3  4   11                                    2400
CEN 37.5  22.5  30.0  -1.5  76     4  8  10,11 0 14 25 0 38 012 15  0 0 2 4  0 2400
CHO 41.0  23.6  32.3  -3.2  72     3  2   11   0  7 25 0 61 050  9  0 0 2 0  2 2400 
CTR                                                                             2400 
DAN 45.5  25.2  35.4        74     3  5   11   0  4 26 0                        2400 
DCA 36.2  19.9  28.1  -3.6  73     4  2   29   0 16 27 0 38 300 19  0 0 4 4  4 2400
IAD 37.7  23.3  30.5  -4.4  72     4  8   10   0 15 26 0 40 360 16  0 0 3 3  1 2400
FCH 37.8  23.1  30.5        70     4  8   15   0 11 25 0 40      28  0 0 3 2  1 2400 
HER 34.9  20.6  27.8  -6.5  68.5   4  4.6 10   0 15 26 0 26       5  0 1 1+1    2400
HRN 34.7  20.1  27.7  -4.0  71.8   4  5.1 10   0 17 26 0 31 NW   23  0 0 4 2  0 2400 
LKU 41.4  21.7  31.2  -4.2  72.0   3  2   11   0  6 27 0 29 SSW  13  0 2 2 0  0 2400 
LYH 42.1  22.8  32.4  -2.1  71     3  3   11   0  9 26 0 37 270 15  0 0 3 0  1 2400 
LXI 37.8  20.2  27.6        72.5   3  0.7 11   0 11 28 0 41 w    22  0 0 0 3  1 2400
NEW 38.8  18.64 28.72 -5.0  74     4 -1   30   0  7 27 1 40 NW   15  0 0 1 0  1 1800
NPN 43.6  27.4  35.5        75     4 12   11   0  3 26 0 31 W    28  0 0 3 2  2 2400
NOR 44.5  29.0  36.7  -2.7  75     4 18  10,11 0  3 25 0             0 0 2 2  0 2400 
ORF 46.4  31.1  38.7  -1.4  78     4 21   25   0  2 23 0 40 020 15  0 0 2 2  3 2400
FHC 44.87 30.53 37.7        75.1   4 18.4 11   0  3 23 0 34 360  5             2400 
POR 46.3  29.1  37.7  -2.2  78     4 17   11   0  3 24 0 33 270 28  1 0 1 2  0 2400
CTR 43.2  25.5  34.3        74.4   4 8.3  11   0  5 24 0 24 WSW  22  0 0 0 2  0 2400
MEC 43.3  24.9  34.3        73     4  7   11   0  6 25 0             0 0 3 1  0 1700
RIC 41.8  24.9  33.3  -3.1  73   3,4 11   11   0  7 27 0 33 010 15  0 0 2 2  0 2400
                                                         33 300 11
RGL 41.28 24.49 32.88 -3.52 67.6   4  6.8 11   0  8 26 0 16 NNW  28  0 0 2 3  0 2400
ROA 43.4  25.8  34.6  -1.2  74     3 11   31   0  7 25 0 47 310 13  0 0 2 2  1 2400
                                                         47 300 15
                                                         47 310 28  
ROK 44.1  24.8  34.4  +0.5  75     3  6   11   0  3 25 0 35 NW   30  0 0 1 1  0 2230
AKQ 44    24    34.0        73     3  6   11   0  5 25 0                        2400 
WEE 40.3  23.8  32.0        74     4  6   11   0  5 24 0             0 0 0 0  2 1630
WOO 39.0  20.4  29.7        75     4  7   11   0 14 26 0             0 0 1 2  0 2400
WSH 36.5  20.4  28.5        70.5   4  6.6 10   0 17 26 0 23 NE   30  0 0 4 3  0 2400
NORTH CAROLINA
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
STN  A      B    C      C1    D      E F    G     H I  J K L  M     N  O P Q R R1 S
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
AVL 47.4  24.4  35.9   0.1  73     3 13    7   0  3 27 0 40 330  6  0 0 3 1  3 2400
                                                         40 330 15     
CLT 50.8  28.5  39.7  -2.0  74     3 17    7   0  1 22 0 35 310 22  0 0 4 3  2 2400
ECG 47.3  28.8  38.0  -4.4  78     5 12   11   0  1 22 0 38 230  5  0 0 0 0  1 2400
FAY 52.2  31.4  41.8        77     4 16   11   0  1 21 0 35 230  5  0 0 2 0  3 2400
GSO 46.7  26.6  36.6  -1.1  72     3 13   11   0  3 26 0 36 270 15  0 0 3 1  3 2400
                                                         36 290 28           
HKY 49.3  27.9  38.6  -0.4  73     4 14    7   0  2 24 0 39 330 22  0 0 1 0  3 2400
HSE             42.5  -3.8
LBT 52.5  30.6  41.6  -0.5  77     4 17   11   0  1 22 0 33 240 18  0 0 4 0  2 2400
RAL 48.6  26.9  37.8        73     3  7   11   0  3 25 0 31       5  0 0 2 1  1 2400
RDU 48.1  27.9  38.0  -1.7  73   3,5 11   11   0  3 25 0 35 230  5  0 0 3 2  4 2400
ROX 45.8  26.9  36.4        74     3  6   11   0  5 24 0 37 N    15  0 0 1 2  0 2100
ILM 53.2  32.3  42.8  -3.3  78     4 16   11   0  0 20 0 41 230 18  0 0 1 0  1 2400
SOUTH CAROLINA
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
STN  A      B    C      C1    D      E F    G     H I  J K L  M     N  O P Q R R1 S
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
AND 52.5  30.6  41.5  -0.2  73     4 17     7  0  1 22 0 33 280 22  0 0 2 0  3 2400
                                                         33 260 27
CAE 55.3  31.5  43.4  -1.2  76     4 20    21  0  1 21 0 41 250 18  0 0 3 2  1 2400
CHS 58.2  34.4  46.3  -1.6  79     5 22    11  0  0 12 0 36 230 18  0 0 0 0  2 2400
CRE 53.4  32.2  42.8  -1.0  69  4,18 18    11  0  0 21 0 37 210 18  0 0 3 0  2 2400
FLO 53.9  31.5  42.7  -2.3  77     4 17    11  0  1 20 0 39 260 18  0 0 3 0  2 2400
GSP 52.1  30.7  41.4  +0.6  72     4 18    28  0  1 20 0 32 230  5  1 0 3 2  2 2400
OGB 55.9  31.9  43.9        78     5 21    11  0  1 20 0 36 280 18  1 0 2 0  0 2400
NEARBY STATIONS
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
STN  A      B    C      C1    D      E F    G    H  I  J K L  M     N  O P Q R R1 Sl
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
TRI 43.5  23.0  33.3  -0.9  71    4   10 11,31 0  6 27 0 32 300 15  0 0 1 1  1 2400
DAV 26.0  10.8  18.4        57    5   -8    31 0 23 28 7             0 0 1 1  1 1900

(Please note the column denotations table below.)
PRECIPITATION / BAROMETRIC PRESSURE

VIRGINIA
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
STN  T      T1     U       V      V1   W X    Y      Z  1  2 3    4    5      6       7        S 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
ANN  1.97  -1.43 0.45 18 0.58 25-26  8 0  1.97  3.6 25  9 2  6.3  16.2  30.44  11 29.38  18 2400
BCB  2.55  -0.82 0.66 25 0.66    25  9 0  2.55  7.0 25 15 2 12.6  22.7                      2400
BRI  0.85  -1.75         0.67 25-26  5 0  0.85  5.5          6.0  17.0  30.36     29.65     0515/1600
CEN  1.74  -1.78 0.42  5 0.42     5  9 0  1.74  3.7 25 10 2  6.6  16.9  30.44  11 29.42  18 2400
CHO  1.17  -2.54 0.33 25 0.38 25-26  8 0  1.17  NOT REPORTED            30.47  11 29.36  18 2400
DAN  1.18        0.45 26             6 0  1.18                          30.51  11 29.38  18 2400
DCA  1.41  -1.64 0.31 25 0.43 25-26  8 0  1.41  4.0 25 10 2  6.0  12.2  30.49  11 29.42  18 2400
IAD  1.35  -1.86 0.35 18 0.43 17-18  8 0  1.35  3.5 25 10 3  6.2  17.4  30.50  11 29.41  18 2400
FCH  1.45        0.57  5 0.57     5  5 0  1.45  5.5 25- 5 3  7.0  15.0                      2400
                                                    26                  
HER  1.81  -1.24 0.42 25             8 0  1.81  4.2 25  6 0  7.2  20.7  30.49  11 29.26  18 2400
HRN  1.82  -1.23 0.37  5 0.43 25-26  8 0  1.82  3.0 25  6 2  6.25 19.5  30.42  11 29.438 18 2400
LKU  1.86  -1.38 0.49  5 0.49     5  9 0  1.86  2.0 25  3 3  5.5   9.0  30.47  11 29.33  18 2400
LYH  1.74  -1.80 0.58 25 0.59 25-26  9 0  1.74  4.0 25  5 2  6.2  10.6  30.50  11 29.39  18 2400
LXI  0.93        0.36 18 0.41 18-19  9 0  0.93               7.3  16.9  30.46   1 29.42  18 2400
NEW  1.05        0.75 26             5 0  1.05  4.0 26       4.0  17.5  30.54   1 29.72  18 1700
NPN  1.97        0.78 18 0.78    18  6 0  1.97  3.0 25    2  4.8   4.8  30.47  11 29.33  18 2400
NOR  2.17  -1.99 0.62 25 0.99 25-26  6 0  2.17  2.9 25  3 2  5.0   5.0                      2400
ORF  1.59  -2.34 0.44 25 0.64 25-26  6 0  1.59  2.0  9, 4 2  4.0   4.0  30.51  11 29.35  18 2400
                                                    25
FHC  1.91        0.76 25 0.87 25-26  5 0  1.91  3.0 25  5 2  6.0   6.0  30.50  11 29.34  18 2400
POR  1.73  -2.20 0.55 25 0.59 25-26  6 0  1.73  2.8  9  5 2  5.3   5.3  30.498 11 29.345 18 2400
CTR  1.30        0.39 18 0.40 17-18  8 0  1.30  4.5 25  1 1  4.6   4.6  30.515 11 29.356 18 2400
MEC  1.89        0.73 26 0.76 25-26  8 0  1.89  4.3 26  1 1  4.3   5.4  30.20  10 29.26  18 1700
RIC  1.55  -2.00 0.45 18 0.50 25-26  8 0  1.55  4.0 25  5 1  4.9   4.9  30.54  11 29.37  18 2400
RGL  1.45  -2.10 0.59 18 0.59    18  7 0  1.45  2.5 25  3 1  3.25  3.25 30.44   7 29.35  18 2400
ROA  1.63  -1.60 0.55 26 0.55 25-26  8 0  1.63  4.0 25  8 2  7.9  17.5  30.49   7 29.41  18 2400
ROK  1.96  -0.92 0.70 25 0.70    25  6 0  1.96  4.5 25  4 2  7.5  15.9  30.46   1 29.42  18 2400
AKQ  1.46                0.68    18  8 1  1.46  3.3 25  5 2  5.1   5.1                      2400
WEE  1.58        0.51 17 0.51    17  5 0  1.58  4.0 25  2 1  4.2   4.2  30.47  11 29.63  17 2130
WOO  0.95                0.53 25-26 12 0  0.95  6.0 26    2  7.8  19.6  30.29  11 29.53  18 0800
WSH  0.93        0.35 25 0.50 25-26  8 0  0.93  4.1 25 11 1  5.6  20.4  30.40   1 29.38  18 2400
NORTH CAROLINA
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
STN  T     U       V      V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3  4     5       6       7        S
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
AVL  0.83  -3.23 0.50 25 0.50 24-25  5 0  0.83  4.0 25  4 1  4.0  7.5  30.55   7 29.47  18 2400
CLT  0.92  -3.08 0.34 25 0.34    25  5 0  0.92  1.0 25  3 1  1.3  1.3  30.26  25 29.70  30 2400
ECG  1.17  -3.41 0.51 25 0.67 25-26  6 0  1.17  2.0 25  4 2  3.5  3.5  30.52  11 29.35  18 2400
FAY  0.57        0.22  5 0.22     5  6 0  0.57                         30.53  11 29.40  18 2400
GSO  0.89  -2.65 0.51 25 0.51    25  5 0  0.89  4.5 25  3 2  6.5  7.5                      2400
HKY  1.15  -3.08 0.38 25 0.38    25  6 0  1.15  4.0 25  1 1  4.0  4.0  30.48   7 29.42  18 2400
                                                5,13,14,19
HSE  2.05  -2.98                                                                           2400
LBT  1.14  -3.15 0.44 26 0.48 26-27  7 0  1.14                         30.55  11 29.45  18 2400
RAL  1.76                0.72 24-25  5 0  1.76               6.0  6.0  30.53  11 29.42  18 1900
RDU  1.23  -2.79 0.42 25 0.42 25-26  5 0  1.23  3.0  9  3 2  5.7  5.7  30.55  11 29.41  18 2400
ROX  1.41        0.70 25 0.70    25  5 0  1.41  3.5 25  2 2  6.0  6.0  30.46  11 29.36  18 2100
ILM  2.18  -2.34 1.56 26 1.56    26  5 1  2.18    T  9  1 0    T    T  30.53  11 29.46  18 2400
SOUTH CAROLINA
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
STN  T      T1     U       V      V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3  4     5       6       7        S
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
AND  2.07  -2.51 0.92 25 0.92    25  6 0  2.07  0.3  25 1 0  0.3  0.3  30.53   7 29.54  18 2400
CAE  1.19  -3.47 0.68 26 0.68    26  7 0  1.19    T 8,  3 0    T    T  30.45   1 29.51  18 2400
                                                   9,26
CHS  1.57  -2.51 1.07 26 1.07    26  5 1  1.57    T  10 1 0    T    0                      2400
CRE  2.23  -1.0  1.65 26 1.66 26-27  6 1  2.23                         30.53  11 29.49  18 2400
FLO  0.93  -3.16 0.60 26 0.60    26  3 0  0.93                         30.55  11 29.46  18 2400
GSP  1.36  -3.05 0.68 25 0.68    25  6 0  1.36  1.0  25 4 1  1.0   1.0 30.51   7 29.48  18 2400
OGB  1.88        1.50 26 1.50    26  7 1  1.88                         30.56   7 29.53  18 2400
NEARBY STATIONS
[Reminder: All NWS DATA HEREIN IS NOT OFFICIAL]
STN  T      T1     U       V      V1   W X   Y     Z   1  2 3  4     5       6       7        S
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
TRI  2.88  -0.64 1.40  5 1.40     5  9 1  2.88  2.0  9  6  1  2.2                           2400
DAV  6.11        0.64 24            23 0  6.11  8.6 24 24 15 55.4 119.3                     1900

Virginia:

Annandale - Lowell sends these notes:" January was the 3rd coldest and 4th driest January in the last 24-years. It was the coldest since 1994 which holds the record as the coldest. The lowest temperature was 5 on the 10th that was the lowest minimum temperature to occur since February 5, 1996 when -2F was recorded. The maximum on the 10th was only 18F and the lowest maximum temperature in January since 1997. January had 17 days that the high temperature for the day didn't climb above freezing; the previous 24 year record was 13 days in 1982. It was also the coldest day (daily mean) in January since January 20, 1994. Only four Januarys in the last 24-years have had a daily mean temperature lower than the 11.5 mean of January 10th. January's mean monthly temperature was 28.32 a departure of - 5.7. January had 26 days that the low temperature was freezing or below. Only six of the last 24 Januarys have had a greater number of days. But on January 4th the temperature was 72 and tied for second place as the warmest temperature in January in the last 24 years at this station. The record was 74F set in 2002 and the monthly highest temperature averages only 63. The January rainfall had a -1.43" departure and was the driest month in the last 22 months but was still the cloudiest January since 1998. The total snowfall for January was 6.3" and was 1.9" less than the 24-year average which is 8.2". There were eleven days with snow or flurries and 5 days with measurable snow but all were minor snows except the 5.0" of snow on the 25th and 26th. The least temperature range for any day this January was 7 which is the highest for any January since 1981 and ties the record for the 24 year period. The maximum gust of 40 mph from the west on the 28th at 1332 was the strongest wind gust recorded this month and caused blowing snow at the times of gust. January DAILY Records Tied or Broken (23-Years of records): 1 daily HIGH maximum temperature record: 4; 4 daily LOW maximum temperature records: 24,26,30,31; 2 daily LOW minimum temperature records: 30, 31; 1 daily HIGH range record for the date: 4. " [ - - ] 

Arlington - NWS WBC reports: "ON THE 3RD...THE HIGH TEMPERATURE AT REAGAN WASHINGTON NATIONAL AIRPORT REACHED 68. THAT TIED THE RECORD SET IN 2000. AFTER OUR SECOND WETTEST YEAR IN OVER A HUNDRED YEARS...THE NEW YEAR STARTED OFF WITH A BREAK. JANUARY WAS TIED FOR THE SEVENTH DRIEST JANUARY ON RECORD. BUT WHAT WE GOT IN A RESPITE FROM THE RAINFALL... WE TOOK BACK IN THE TEMPERATURE DEPARTMENT. IN A GENERATION ONLY THREE OTHER JANUARYS HAVE BEEN AS COLD. SINCE 1975... AVERAGE TEMPERATURE: 1977 25.4, 1982 28.1, 1994 28.8, 2004 30.5. IT MIGHT HAVE BEEN EVEN COLDER. IN FACT AFTER THE FIRST FEW DAYS OF THE NEW YEAR... NONE OF THAT SEEMED TO BE TRUE. IN THE FIRST FIVE DAYS... WE TIED A RECORD HIGH TEMPERATURE... GOT INTO THE LOW 70S ON ANOTHER DAY... AND ALREADY HAD JUST UNDER AN INCH OF RAIN. THEN THE OTHER SHOE DROPPED. THE TEMPERATURE WENT FROM HIGHS IN THE 60S AND 70S TO MOSTLY 20S AND 30S. OUR EIGHT DEGREES ON THE MORNING OF THE 10TH WAS THE COLDEST MORNING SINCE 1996. WITH THE COMBINATION OF COLD TEMPERATURES AND SOME PRECIPITATION... THERE WAS SOME SNOW. WE HAD EXACTLY OUR AVERAGE JANUARY SNOWFALL OF 6.2 INCHES. MOST OF THAT CAME DURING A LATE MONTH EVENT WHERE JUST UNDER SIX INCHES OF SNOW FELL BETWEEN THE 25TH AND 27TH. The monthly precipitation was 1.86" BELOW normal while the average temperature was 4.4 BELOW normal. " [ - - ] 

Blacksburg - NWS Blacksburg reports the monthly mean temp was 1.3 BELOW normal while rainfall was 0.82" BELOW normal. The average wind speed was 8.9 MPH. [ - - ] 

Bridgewater - " The average monthly temperature was 1.5 degrees below normal. Precipitation was 1.75 inches below normal. In the last 16 days, there was only 1 overnight low temperature above 32. In the last part of the month, the arctic air really took over. " - report from Clayton [ - - ] 

Centreville - " Except for a few days worth of freezing drizzle, freezing rain, freezing fog and rime, an occasional snowflake, and a bit of rain, I could have set everything on automatic and enjoyed a couple of weeks in the tropics. While 76 on January 4th reminded me of how much "sun & fun" I was missing, the overall average monthly temperature was 30.0 even, just 1.5 below the 31.5 average. Average daily highs figured out to be 3.7 below the 41.2 average monthly high and January gained a spot in the headlines for having 22 days during the month registering below the daily average high. Even the average nightly lows gained some recognition for not being a warm as in the past. With 21.8 being the suggested average low, we came in just 0.7 higher with 22.5 for an average monthly low. While something was frozen on the ground almost every day during the last two weeks of January, it's hard to believe that a total accumulation of 1.74" was all we received from a wide assortment of precipitation for the month. That works out to be 49% of our 3.52" normal, and starts the year 2004 with a 1.78" deficit (let's not forget the surplus of over two feet from 2003 however). Some of the water measured here was from the water equivalent of snow which, by the way, was in short supply for the month too with only 6.6" measured, or 73% of the January 9.1" normal. The snowblower (aka S.B.) was all smiles on the morning of the 26th when 5.3" had settled overnight, depositing 80% of our January snow total. Talking about winter and snow, it sure makes Miami sound good right about now! " - notes from Paul [ + + ] 

Charlottesville - The monthly average temperature was 3.2° BELOW normal while rainfall was 2.54" BELOW normal. The average wind speed was 6.2 mph. - from NWS WBC [ - - ] 

Danville - The average station sea-level pressure was 30.07"  

Dulles - The mean temp was a whopping 4.4 BELOW normal. The monthly rainfall was 1.86" BELOW normal. Average wind speed, 10.5 mph. - from NWS WBC [ - - ] 

Falls Church - " A cold first month of the new year. It started out mild and then had wave after wave of arctic air systems. This month was colder than average with below average rainfall. Snowfall for the month was about average. " - report from Erica [ - - ] 

Herndon - Bob sends these notes:" My average MAX temp was 6.5 BELOW the Dulles "normal" and the average MIN was 1.3 BELOW. Winds are tree affected. Dulles is about 4 miles WSW and its normal is the 1971-2000 average. " - [ - - ] 

Herndon - Russ notes:" January began mild, but temperatures quickly plummeted and we experienced prolonged periods of frigid weather. The monthly temperature was 4.0 below average and precipitation was 1.23" below average. Snow fell on the 9th (0.75"), 25th (3.0"), 26th (1.5") and 27th (1.0", breaks previous record of 0.3"). Freezing rain fell on the 17th, 18th, 26th and 27th. Sleet fell on the 17th and 27th. " - [ - - ] 

Lexington - " Mean Max for the month was 8.2 below normal while Mean Min was 4 degrees below normal. 7.3" of snow/sleet was recorded which is 2 inches above normal. January 2004 was the coldest on record here since 1996 and the driest month since August, 2002. " - report from Scott at WREL-AM Radio [ - - ] 

Lynchburg - Rainfall for the month was 1.80" BELOW normal while the mean temp was 1.8° BELOW normal. The average wind speed was 6.3 MPH. The average sea-level pressure was 30.07". - from NWS Blacksburg [ - - ] 

New Market - Joyce sends these notes: " We were below normal for precipitation during January but snowfall was okay. Temperature-wise, we were 5 below normal! " - [ - - ]

Norfolk - NWS AKQ noted the average temperature in Norfolk was 1.4 BELOW normal. The month's rainfall was 2.34" BELOW normal. The average wind speed was 10.4 mph. The average relative humidity 56% and the average sky cover was 40%. 15TH DRIEST JANUARY ON RECORD AT NORFOLK. THIS WAS THE 31ST COLDEST JANUARY ON RECORD AT NORFOLK. RECORD-TYING 3 CONSECUTIVE DAYS OF 76+ HIGH TEMPERATURES AT NORFOLK. - [ - - ]

Norfolk - The Fred Heutte Center, in Historic Ghent reports the average wind speed was 7.1 mph from a dominant N direction. 

Portsmouth - November was colder and drier than normal. It was the 7TH driest and the 10TH coldest January in the database beginning 7/1976. Temperature records included the following: 3RD - TEMPERATURE MAXIMUM 76 [PREVIOUS 73 2000]; 4TH - TEMPERATURE MAXIMUM 78 [PREVIOUS 76 2000]; 4TH - TEMPERATURE MAXIMUM MINIMUM 61 [PREVIOUS 53 2000]; 5TH - TEMPERATURE MAXIMUM 75 [PREVIOUS 71 1997]; 9TH - PRECIPITATION SNOWFALL 2.8" [PREVIOUS 1/4" 1978] 25TH - TEMPERATURE MINIMUM MAXIMUM 32 [PREVIOUS 35 2000]. The month began on a warm note with temps reaching 78 on the 4th before a cold front with embedded thunder passed on the 5th dropping highs from the 70s to the 40s and 30s. The rare bay effect snowshowers were noted on the 10th as cold air moved across the lower Chesapeake Bay spawning snow plumes, similar to those of the Great Lakes. The SHSN failed to produce more than a trace of new snow. Cold high pressure began to build in the Eastern half of the US as deep upper troughs were carved out repeatedly allowing arctic air to build S into the troughs for the remainder of the month. The southern portion of the upper flow failed to bring significant storms across the SE US and the area here was spared of significant coastal storms. However, several upper air disturbances moved in from the northwest and west bringing some lighter snows to the area on the 9th and again on the 25th. The snowstorm of the 25th was a more intense system working with colder air and producing a powdery snow that quickly accumulated on all surfaces as temps were in the lower 20s at onset of the snowfall. The average sky cover was 33% and the average sea-level pressure was 30.06". - [ - - ] 

Mechanicsville - Glenn sends these notes: "Scattered snow and sleet with freezing rain during the month. 4.3" of snow fell on the 26th with some freezing rain. The snow had a very shiny plaster-look when the freezing rain had ended. [ - - ] 

Richmond - NWS AKQ reported the mean temp at RIC was 3.1 BELOW normal. Rainfall was 2.00" BELOW normal. The average wind speed was 9.0 mph. The average sky cover was 50% and the average relative humidity was 63%. 14TH COLDEST JANUARY ON RECORD AT RICHMOND AND COLDEST SINCE 1988. 15TH DRIEST JANUARY ON RECORD AT RICHMOND. DRIEST JANUARY AT RICHMOND SINCE 1981. THIS WAS THE COLDEST JANUARY SINCE 1988. - [ - - ] 

Ruther Glen - From Danny: " January brought the first measurable snowfall of the season, and a significant multi-day snow, sleet, and freezing rain event during the last week of the month. The trend of above average precipitation came to an abrupt end with only 1.45" liquid equivalent during the month. Despite an extremely warm start (68 on the 4th), January also finished well-below normal in terms of temperature. " - [- -] 

Roanoke - Wendell summarizes the month:" Despite the fact that most of January was rather cold and snowy, the month averaged above normal. Precip at 1.96" was 0.93" below normal. Snowfall of 7" was 1.4" above normal. The first 5 days of the month were unseasonably warm which caused an above normal average for the month. " - [ + - ] 

Roanoke - NWS Blacksburg reports that the Roanoke airport monthly mean temp was 1.2 BELOW normal. Rainfall was 1.60" BELOW normal. The average sea-level pressure was 30.07". [ - - ] 

Woodstock - " This was the second driest January I have recorded. Only 1986, the first year I kept records had less precip. January was also very cold, with 1994 the only one of 19 years colder. The average mean tied 2002, so we have had two bitter winters in a row, and February is starting to look the same. " - from Lauck [ - - ] 

North Carolina:

Asheville - from NWS GSP: The monthly mean temp was 0.1° ABOVE and the rainfall was 3.23" BELOW normal. The average wind speed was 9.2 mph. [ + - ] 

Charlotte - NWS GSP reports the mean temp here was 2.0° BELOW normal and precip was 3.08" BELOW normal. The average wind speed was 6.2 mph. - [ - - ] 

Elizabeth City - The Elizabeth City Coast Guard Station [ECG] reported an average wind speed of 11.1 mph. The mean temp was 4.4° below normal while rainfall was 3.41" BELOW normal. The average relative humidity was 68% while the average sky cover was 30%. - from NWS AKQ [ - - ] 

Cape Hatteras - " The average temperature in January was 42.5. This was -3.8 cooler than the 1895-2004 average, the 22nd coolest January on record (1895-2004). 2.05" of precipitation fell in January. This was 2.98" less than the 1895-2004 average, the 9th driest such month on record (1895-2004). " - from NCDC [ - - ] 

Fayetteville - NWS RDU reports the average wind speed was 8.2 mph. The average sky cover was 30% and the average relative humidity was 58%.

Greensboro - NWS RDU notes a mean temp here that was 1.0° BELOW normal. Rainfall was 2.69" BELOW normal. A NEW DAILY RECORD MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE OF 72 WAS SET ON THE 3RD. THE OLD RECORD WAS 71 SET ON THIS DATE IN 1997 AND IN 2000. THIS WAS ALSO THE THIRD DRIEST JANUARY ON RECORD. - [ - - ] 

Hickory - The average wind speed was 6.2 mph. The average monthly temperature was 0.4° BELOW normal while rainfall was 3.08" BELOW normal. - from NWS GSP [ - - ] 

Lumberton - The average wind speed was 6.8 mph. The average monthly temperature was 0.5° BELOW normal while rainfall was 3.15" BELOW normal - from NWS ILM [ - - ] 

Raleigh - NWS RDU reports the average daily temperatures were 1.7 BELOW normal while precipitation was 2.79" BELOW normal. The average wind speed was 6.9 mph. The average sky cover was 50% and the average relative humidity was 59%. THE DAILY LOW MAXIMUM OF 29 WAS TIED ON THE 25TH, THE OLD RECORD WAS SET ON THAT DAY IN 1961. THIS WAS THE THIRD DRIEST JANUARY ON RECORD, AND SNOWFALL OF 3" ON THE 9TH WAS A NEW RECORD FOR THAT DAY IN JANUARY. THE OLD RECORD WAS A TRACE IN 1978. " - [ - - ] 

Raleigh - Bob notes: " Winter returned in January with two winter weather events. The first occurred on January 9th when 2.5" of snow accumulated. The second event began on the morning of the 25th and ended late on the 26th. This event started as snow, changed to sleet, and ended with light freezing rain. Maximum depth was 3.5" measured on the 25th. Area schools were closed for four days. Additional information the Raleigh NWS web page http://www.erh.noaa.gov/rah/. Overall, both temperatures and precipitation for January were below normal. " - [ - - ] 

Roxboro - Merriell reports:" January temperatures ranged from mild to cold to very cold, but averaged near normal. Total rainfall (including melted snow) was only about a third of the normal. Two rounds of wintry precipitation left six inches of snow. " - [ -/+ - ] 

Wilmington - From NWS ILM: The average temp was 3.3° BELOW normal while rainfall was 2.34" BELOW normal. The average wind speed was 8.3 mph. A RECORD HIGH TEMPERATURE (78) SET ON 4TH. PREVIOUS RECORD HIGH 76 SET IN 2000. A RECORD 24-HR RAINFALL (1.56") SET ON 26TH. PREVIOUS RECORD 1.18" SET IN 1895. - [ - - ] 

South Carolina:

Anderson - NWS GSP reports the monthly mean temp was 0.2 BELOW normal. rainfall was 2.51" BELOW normal. The average wind speed was 6.9 mph. - [ - - ] 

Charleston - NWS CHS reports the monthly mean temp was 1.7° BELOW normal. Rainfall was 2.51" BELOW normal. The average wind speed was 8.1 mph. - [ - - ] 

Columbia - NWS CAE reports that the mean temp here was 1.2° BELOW normal. Rainfall was a 3.47" BELOW normal. The average wind speed was 6.8 mph. - [ - - ] 

Florence - The mean temp here was 2.3° BELOW normal while rainfall totals were 3.16" BELOW normal. The average wind speed was 7.3 mph. - from NWS ILM [ - - ] 

Greenville-Spartanburg - The monthly mean temperature was 0.6 ABOVE normal while rainfall was 3.05" BELOW normal. The average wind speed was 7.2 mph. - from NWS GSP [ + - ] 

North Myrtle Beach - The mean temp was 1.0° BELOW normal while rainfall was 1.43" BELOW normal. The average wind speed was 6.7 mph. RECORD LOW TEMPERATURE (18) SET ON 11TH. PREVIOUS RECORD LOW 25 SET IN 1996. RECORD LOW TEMPERATURE (27) TIED ON 29TH. RECORD FOR THIS DATE WAS SET IN 1952. " - data from NWS ILM [ - - ] 

Orangeburg - NWS CAE reports the average wind speed here was 5.8 mph.

Nearby Cities:

Tri-Cities - " The average monthly temperature at Tri-Cities was 33.2, which was 1.0 below normal. It tied with 1968 and 2001 as the 20th coldest January on record at Tri-Cities. No daily records were broken. The coldest January at Tri-Cities was back in 1977, when the average temperature was only 22.1. Tri-Cities received 2.88" of precipitation during January, which was 0.64" below normal. It ranked as the 26th driest January on record at Tri-Cities. Measurable precipitation occurred on only nine days, but only two had more than one-half inch. The heaviest precipitation fell on the 5th, when 1.40" were recorded. The driest January at Tri-Cities was back in 1940, when only 1.06" fell. - from NWS MRX [ - - ] 

Davis, West Virginia - An interesting note... the temperature remained below 32 continuously from January 19th through the end of the month! (and continued into the time of day of this report, February 2nd!) " - from Dave [ - + ] 

Orangeburg - NWS CAE reports the average wind speed here was 5.8 mph.

COLUMN DENOTATIONS:

A  maximum mean temperature T total precipitation (inches)
T1 Departure from normal
B  minimum mean temperature U maximum calendar day precipitation (inches)
C  monthly mean temperature
C1 Departure from normal
U1 date of maximum calendar day precipitation
D  maximum temperature V date(s) of maximum daily precipitation
E  date(s) of maximum temperature V1 maximum 24-hour precip. & date(s)
F  minimum temperature W number of days with precip. >= .01"
G  date(s) of minimum temperature  X number of days with precip. >= 1.0"
H  days with maximum temperature >=90 Y year-to-date precipitation (inches)
I  days with maximum temperature <=32 Z maximum calendar day snowfall (inches)
J  days with minimum temperature <=32 1 date of maximum calendar day snowfall (inches)
K  days with minimum temperature <= 0 2 number of days with snowfall
L  peak wind gust (miles per hour)  3 number of days with snowfall >= 1.0"
M  direction of peak wind gust 4  total snowfall for month (inches)
N  date(s) of peak wind gust  5 total snowfall for 2003-2004 season (inches)
O  number of days with thunder  6 maximum barometric pressure (inches)
P  number of days with hail 6A date of maximum barometric pressure 
Q  number of days with glaze 7 minimum barometric pressure (inches)
R  number of days with ice pellets 7A date of minimum barometric pressure
R1 number of days with dense fog [1/4 mile and less visibility] (i) incomplete data
S  local observation time for temps/precipitation (M) Missing, if listed in data table
 ~ "about" E estimated
 +  additional indeterminate number of days NR not recorded


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     NWS Wakefield, VA
     NWS Blacksburg, VA
     NWS Raleigh, NC
     NWS Newport/Morehead City, NC
     NWS Wilmington, NC
     NWS Greenville-Spartanburg, SC
     NWS Columbia, SC
     NWS Charleston, SC
     NWS Morristown, TN

     National Weather Service Homepages

     $$$ National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC $$$

STATION / LOCATION (MILES & DIRECTION FROM MAIN POST OFFICE)/OBSERVER / YEAR RECORDS BEGAN / EMAIL ADDRESS:

  ROK   Roanoke, VA 6SW Wendell Prillaman  4/76 wlprillaman@cox.net
ANN    Annandale, VA 1 3/4 ENE - Lowell Koontz  8/31/79  wwkoontz@verizon.net AKQ    Wakefield, VA NWS Wakefield Municipal Airport 36-58-53N 077-00-04W 33M
DCA    Arlington, VA Washington, DC, Reagan Washington National Airport 38-50-54N 077-02-03W 18M WSH   Washington, VA  David Yowell runamok@runamok.com
BCB    Blacksburg, VA NWS Virginia Tech Airport 37-13N 080-25W WEE   Weems, VA 3WNW Francis J. Socey
BRI     Bridgewater, VA Clayton Towers Ctowers@rica.net WOO  Woodstock, VA 5NW Lauck Walton - 12/1/85 jwalton@shentel.net
CEN   Centreville, VA Paul Bassett 1985 m.psb@verizon.net RGL   Ruther Glen, VA 380'45" N 7732'29" W Danny Jessee 2003 danny@dannyjessee.com
CHO   Charlottesville, VA  Charlottesville-Albemarle Airport ASOS  (Rappahannock County) 38-08-18N 078-27-21W 192M AVL    Asheville, NC  Asheville Regional Airport 35-25-55N 082-32-15W 670M
DAN  Danville, VA, Danville Regional Airport, 36-34-22N 079-20-10W 175M  BRE    Brevard, NC 1SE Bob Keehn 1/1/90 rkeehn@brinet.com
IAD   Dulles - Washington-Dulles International Airport  38-56-05N 077-26-51W 93M  CLT    Charlotte, NC NWS Charlotte/Douglas International Airpot 35-12-48N 080-56-55W 220M
FCH    Falls Church, VA Erica Page - 3/7/94 Windie1970@aol.com HKY  Hickory, NC 
HAM    Hampton, VA 5NE Dave Kessel 1989 davidckessel@cox.net ECG  Elizabeth City, NC,  Coast Guard Air Station 36-15-47N 076-10-58W 11M
CTR  Chesterfield, VA Albert Arnold 06/03 FAY  Fayetteville, NC Fayetteville Regional Airport, 34-59-22N 078-52-48W 55M
HER    Herndon, VA R.M. Beall P- 10/76   T-  1/91 beall47@earthlink.net GSO   Greensboro, NC NWS Piedmont Triad International Airport 36-05-51N 079-56-37W 275M
HRN   Herndon, VA 4SW Russ Topping -  1985 weatherman@cox.net LBT    Lumberton, NC  Lumberton Municipal Airport 34-36-26N 079-03-36W 37M
LXI     Lexington, VA  Scott M. Lancey, WREL Radio -  06/96 weather@wrel.com RAL    Raleigh, NC 7NNW  Bob Woodson -  6/1/93 kf4mmm@qsl.net
LKU     Louisa, VA 1N Joseph Bowers 1944 - NWS ID  44-5050-02jmbiii@earthlink.net RDU   Raleigh-Durham, NC Raleigh-Durham International Airport 35-52-14N 078-47-11W 130M
LOU     Louisa, VA 6S John Bullock (about 1970) INACTIVE 1/1/02 ROX    Roxboro, NC 2SE Merriell A. Jay 1/93
LYH     Lynchburg, VA NWS Lynchburg Regional Airport 37-19-15N 079-12-24W 295M ILM     Wilmington, NC NWS New Hanover International Airport 34-16-06N 077-54-22W 9M
NEW    Newmarket, VA 2W Joyce Winfree joywood@shentel.net CHS   Charleston, SC NWS Charleston Air Force Base 32-53-56N 080-02-26W 13M
NPN     Newport News, VA 7N Gary Leonard -  6/91 GaryMLeonard@aol.com CAE    Columbia, SC NWS Columbia Metropolitan Airport 33-56-31N 081-07-05W 73M 
NOR     Norfolk, VA 3NE Jim Fentress 6/1/77 FLO    Florence, SC Florence Regional Airport 34-11-16N 079-43-51W 44M
ORF     Norfolk, VA 5NE 36-54-13N 076-11-31W 14M  1871 GSP   Greenville-Spartanburg, SC NWS Greenville-Spartanburg Airport 34-53-02N 082-13-15W 286M 
POR     Portsmouth, VA 36.81° North 76.33° West 3S Bill Trotter -  7/1/76 wxr@cox.net CRE    North Myrtle Beach, SC Grand Strand Airport 33-48-42N 078-43-26W 10M
MEC     Mechanicsville, VA Glen Martin 11/19/91 OGB   Orangeburg, SC  Orangeburg Municipal Airport 33-27-50N 080-51-13W 59M
FHC    Norfolk, VA  Fred Heutte Center 36° 54'N 76° 16'W 01/01/03 fhcgarden@cox.net AND   Anderson, SC 
RIC     Richmond, VA Richmond International Airport 37-30-40N 077-19-24W 50M TRI     Tri-cities, TN  (Bristol / Johnson / Kingsport), Tri-City Regional Airport 36-28-47N 082-23-56W 474M 
ROA    Roanoke, VA Roanoke Regional Airport 37-19-01N 079-58-27W 362M DAV  Davis, WV Dave Lesher wvweather@mountain.net