West Cradock - Portsmouth, Virginia - CoCoRAHs Daily Updates
-> West Cradock - SAT 9/14/19 - SUN 9/15/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure ridged down the coastal states from New England south to the Carolinas; mostly onshore flow steadily becoming ESE then SSE; few light instability type SHRA in the warm humid air during the afternoon (TRACE); skies becomine partly cloudy to fair late period; light breezes | temperature range: 70 - 86 - 70 | the average temp this period was 77 or 3 ABOVE normal & 0.5 cooler than the average temp of the previous period | winds: onshore mostly NE/ENE early, becoming SSE late afternoon through period's end - peak gust SSE 18mph around 3:50PM EDT | rainfall: period TRACE (-0.12") September 2.31" (-0.35" or 87% of normal) annual 41.11" (+3.81" or 110% of normal)

-> West Cradock - FRI 9/13/19 - SAT 9/14/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): a few residual onshore showers after FROPA late last period; mostly cloudy skies with some peeks at the sun in the late afternoon; FROPA settled into the Carolinas with much cooler, still humid temps & refreshing onshore breezes as high pressure built over the Western Atlantic waters | temperature range: 73 - 76 - 68 | the average temp this period was 72 or 1 BELOW normal & 5 cooler than the average temp of the previous period | winds: onshore mostly ENE - peak gust was ENE 25mph around 1PM EDT | rainfall: period TRACE (-0.13") September 2.31" (-0.24" or 91% of normal) annual 41.11" (+3.92" or 111% of normal)

-> West Cradock - THU 9/12/19 - FRI 9/13/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure weakened over the lower Middle Atlantic with cold front heading S from New England late period; very warm with late season lower 90s in the afternoon; some haze then too; large area of TSRA developed in the evening moving S through SErn VA late period after midnight; rather high number of lightning strikes for nocturnal event here with the system leaving 0.63" and then moved S into NC; gusty winds with the TSRA | temperature range: 72 - 91 - 73 | the average temp this period was 81.5 or 8 ABOVE normal & 4.5 ABOVE the average temp of the previous period | winds: SW through late AM becoming VARIABLE then onshore in mid-to-late afternoon followed by shift into the NNE to ENE late night as FROPA moved through - peak gust was ENE 34mph at 1:32AM EDT establishing a NEW DAILY STATION WIND GUST RECORD surpassing the 32mph on 2018 | rainfall: period 0.63" (-0.12") September 2.31" (-0.23" or 91% of normal) annual 41.11" (+3.93" or 111% of normal)

-> West Cradock - WED 9/11/19 - THU 9/12/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure ridged from New England S into the SE US early period that reorients WSW to NNE over the SE and Middle Atlantic; continued sunny/fair skies, humid & warm temps, some haze, light winds; some local early period patchy GF | temperature range: 66 - 88 - 72 | the average temp this period was 77.0 or 3 ABOVE normal & the 1 ABOVE the average temp of the previous period | winds: light SE to S early period becoming S-SSW-SW balance of the period - peak gust was S 17mph at 2:50PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.03") September 1.68" (-0.62" or 73% of normal) annual 40.48" (+3.54" or 110% of normal)

-> West Cradock - TUE 9/10/19 - WED 9/11/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure ridged from New England coast S into the coastal plains of the SE US; mostly sunny/fair skies, mild-to-warm temps, humid, some ground fog | temperature range: 70 - 83 - 66 | the average temp this period was 76.0 or 1.5 ABOVE normal & the same average temp as in the previous period | winds: mostly onshore NE to ENE through 3PM EDT becoming mostly ESE remainder of the period - peak gust was ENE 20mph at 11:19AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.16") September 1.68" (-0.59" or 74% of normal) annual 40.48" (+3.57" or 110% of normal)

-> West Cradock - MON 9/9/19 - TUE 9/10/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): wavering stationary front across SErn VA slips further S into NErn NC by late period; SHRA and TSRA early period move across NErn NC and offshore early period staying just to the S; afternoon scattered SHRA and TSRA develop again but to the SW and S of West Cradock afternoon 9/9/19; overall, partly cloudy skies at worst, but mostly fair, warm, humid with light winds as high pressure ridges down the East Coast coastal plain from New England to NC; ongoing periods of haze with early period ground fog | temperature range: 73 - 82 - 70 | the average temp this period was 76.0 or 0.5 ABOVE normal & 2.5 less warm than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: mostly onshore NE-ENE - peak gust was ENE 19mph at 11:19AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.21") September 1.68" (-0.44" or 79% of normal) annual 40.48" (+3.72" or 110% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SUN 9/8/19 - MON 9/9/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure continued with stationary front across NC with areas of energy passing along the wavy front; thus, partly cloudy skies with scattered TSRA popping up to the E and S of station in SErn VA late afternoon and again late night; increased humidity, haze and ground fog, continued mild to warm temps | temperature range: 70 - 87 - 73 | the average temp this period was 78.5 or 4 ABOVE normal & 2 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: rather VARIABLE but mostly light onshore NE through ENE - peak gust was NE 19mph at 3:23PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.46") September 1.68" (-0.23" or 88% of normal) annual 40.48" (+3.93" or 111% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SAT 9/7/19 - SUN 9/8/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): In the aftermath of Hurricane Dorian, weak high pressure settled back over the Middle Atlantic; far more pleasant wxr - sunny skies (some clouds late period) temps ranging from the 60s to the mid-80s, generally light winds; ground fog early and again late period | temperature range: 64 - 85 - 68 | the average temp this period was 76.5 or 1 ABOVE normal & 5.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: NNW early backing to the WSW through 5PM; then, SSE winds through 11PM EDT followed by ESE - peak gust was SSE 16mph at 5:27PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.46") September 1.68" (+0.23" or 116% of normal) annual 40.48" (+4.39" or 112% of normal)

-> West Cradock - FRI 9/6/19 - SAT 9/7/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): Hurricane Dorian moved NE across Cape Hatteras and to well-E of SRN VA by early afternoon; tropical storm conditions continued at the station with SHRA, +SHRA in squalls and increasing winds early, gusting frequently and to a peak gust of NE 52mph at 9:46AM EDT; tornado watch early period, with flash flood watches, flood warnings, storm surge warnings, and coastal flood warnings; no flooding at the station as the 1.68" of storm total rain fell across quite a few hours between THU evening and early FRI afternoon; cloudy skies cleared late period with sunshine and ground fog at post time | temperature range: 74 - dropping to 69 - 64 | the average temp this period was 69 or 4 BELOW normal & 11.5 cooler than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: gusty NE through NOON EDT backing into the NNW then NW remainder of period - peak gust again was 52mph from the NE at 9:46AM EDT | rainfall: period 1.05" (+0.86") storm total 1.68" September 1.68" (+0.32") annual 40.48" (+4.48" or 112% of normal)

-> West Cradock - THU 9/5/19 - FRI 9/6/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): as Hurricane Dorian moved offshore up the SE US coast, clouds here thickened and, with time, early light winds increased from the NE with several gusts into the 30 to 48 mph range by post-time; flash flood, tropical storm, storm surge, tornado watches and warnings were issued through the period; a few showers late afternoon and just before midnight with actual Dorian SHRA and squall rains arriving 2:30AM EDT | temperature range: 76 - 86 - 73 | the average temp this period was 80.5 or 5 ABOVE normal & 0.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: light early strengthening to gusty ENE in late afternoon and evening to tropical storm force winds late from the NE - peak gust NE 48mph just before post-time (6-7AM 9/6/19) | rainfall: period/storm 0.63" (+0.36") September 0.63" (+0.36") annual 38.85" (+3.05" or 109% of normal)

-> West Cradock - WED 9/4/19 - THU 9/5/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): the calm before the storm with weak high pressure across the Middle Atlantic as Hurricane Dorian moved NE just offshore SE US and intensifying slightly late period off the SC coast; tropical storm related watches and warnings issued for the area; skies fair/partly cloudy early becoming variable cloudy overnight; temps rise to the upper 80s in the afternoon; continued generally light winds | temperature range: 71 - 89 - 75 | the average temp this period was 80.0 or 4 ABOVE normal & 1.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: CALM early becoming mostly S to SW through midnight, diminishing to light-to-near CALM and SSE - gust S 17mph at 10:49AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.31") September 0.00" (-0.79" or 0% of normal) annual 38.80" (+3.37" or 110% of normal)

-> West Cradock - TUE 9/3/19 - WED 9/4/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): reinforcing shot of slightly cooler air arrived during late AM/early afternoon; skies mostly sunny/clear/fair thru' the period with generally light winds which shifted to onshore | temperature range: 70 - 87 - 71 | the average temp this period was 78.5 or 2 ABOVE normal & 1 less warm than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: WSW then NNW through noon becoming onshore mostly ENE-SSE through the evening becoming onshore due E after midnight - gust ENE 20mph at 1:51PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.34") September 0.00" (-0.49" or 0% of normal) annual 38.80" (+3.67" or 110% of normal)

-> West Cradock - MON 9/2/19 - TUE 9/3/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure still over the Middle Atlantic with reinforcing shot of slightly cooler air and a wind shift approaching post-time 9/3/19 (7AM EDT); warm temps through the period, generally light winds; humid start and end to period but with afternoon readings more tolerable | temperature range: 74 - 89 - 70 | the average temp this period was 79.5 or 3 ABOVE normal & 0.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: mostly onshore ENE through SE & SSE until midnight followed by light SW winds overnight - gust SSE 21mph at 6:02AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.09") September 0.00" (-0.33" or 0% of normal) annual 38.80" (+3.83" or 111% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SUN 9/1/19 - MON 9/2/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure held over the Middle Atlantic with center moving across the NE to the coast; mostly onshore flow held temps down a bit (mid-80s); continued humid early and late nite during period; drier in the afternoon; some nice breezes mainly during sunlit hours | temperature range: 73 - 85 - 74 | the average temp this period was 79.0 or 1 ABOVE normal & 2.0 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: mostly onshore and mostly ENE through SSE - gust NE 21mph at 9:06AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.17") September 0.00" (-0.25" or 0% of normal) annual 38.80" (+3.91" or 111% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SAT 8/31/19 - SUN 9/1/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure over the Middle Atlantic got some reinforcement from high pressure building E from the OH Valley and New England; actual surface front settles through the area in mid-afternoon and evening with winds becoming onshore E then SE then SE to S through the overnight becoming NNE late period; ongoing sunny/mostly clear skies; despite onshore flow, temps climb to 90 but drop back in the late afternoon; some AM ground fog early period | temperature range: 64 - 90 - 69 | the average temp this period was 77.0 or NORMAL & 1.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period; the average temperature for AUGUST 2019 was 79.1 or 0.7 ABOVE normal | winds: mostly SSW through about NOON EDT becoming E then SE then SSE remainder of the period as surface front settled S into SRN VA - gust SSE 19mph at 6:03PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.20") August 6.65" (+1.11" or 120% of normal) September 0.00" (-0.26"" or 0% of normal) annual 38.80" (+4.16" or 112% of normal)

-> West Cradock - FRI 8/30/19 - SAT 8/31/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure holds over the Middle Atlantic with sunny/clear skies, generally light winds, mild to warm temps and lowering humidity readings in the afternoon; some morning ground fog | temperature range: 64 - 87 - 64 | the average temp this period was 75.5 or 2 BELOW normal & 2 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: WSW-SW-SSW 7PM becoming SSE until 10PM EDT, then light to near CALM SSW overnight - gust WSW 16mph at 1:17PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.14") August 6.65" (+1.26" or 123% of normal) annual 38.80" (+4.31" or 112% of normal)

-> West Cradock - THU 8/29/19 - FRI 8/30/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure builds over the area bringing pleasant weather: sunny/clear skies, mild/warm temps, lower humidity levels in the afternoon, nice breezes through late afternoon | temperature range: 71 - 83 - 64 | the average temp this period was 73.5 or 4.8 BELOW normal & 3.5 cooler than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: NNW & N through late afternoon becoming and diminishing to E & SE through the evening & overnight - gust NNW 23mph at 10:27AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.15") August 6.65" (+1.39" or 126% of normal) annual 38.80" (+4.44" or 113% of normal)

-> West Cradock - WED 8/28/19 - THU 8/29/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): early period low clouds with a short period of -SHRA & DZ (with fog) on Tropical Storm Erin's NW edge as it gradually begins to pull seaward out to the NE; skies begin to clear to partly to variably cloudy in the afternoon as the sun makes another appearance; warmer temps with the sunshine and NNW surface flow | temperature range: 74 - 83 - 71 | the average temp this period was 77.0 or 0.4 BELOW normal & 1 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: onshore mostly NNW (but a period of onshore winds 2 to 4PM EDT; winds subside gradually through the evening & overnight - gust ENE 19mph at 7:12AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.01" (-0.19") August 6.65" (+1.55" or 130% of normal) annual 38.80" (+4.60" or 113% of normal)

-> West Cradock - TUE 8/27/19 - WED 8/28/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): onshore flow persists with mostly cloudy skies (altho's several short periods of some sunshine), occasional light showers and drizzle; damp but pleasant breezes and temps; keeping eyes on low well-offshore SE states as it increased in intensity overnight, taking on tropical storm (ERIN) characteristics; storm expected to remain at sea and be pushed NE at sea by incoming cold front; | temperature range: 71 - 79 - 73 | the average temp this period was 76.0 or 2.4 BELOW normal & 3 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: onshore NE to ENE - gust NE 19mph around 1PM EDT & NE 19mph around 5PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.10" (-0.17") August 6.64" (+1.63" or 133% of normal) annual 38.80" (+4.68" or 114% of normal)

-> West Cradock - MON 8/26/19 - TUE 8/27/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): onshore flow continued to increase as pressure gradient tightened between high pressure to the N and low pressure well-to-the-east of coastal SE US; a few spotty showers & drizzle; some morning sun but mostly cloudy skies persisted; refreshing, cooler onshore breezes | temperature range: 71 - 76 - 70 | the average temp this period was 73.0 or 4.3 BELOW normal & 0.5 cooler than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: onshore NE - gust to NE 36mph at 10:58AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.01" (-0.17") August 6.54" (+1.96" or 143% of normal) annual 38.69" (+5.01" or 115% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SUN 8/25/19 - MON 8/26/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): still under influence of marine flow with occasional -SHRA and patchy DZ coming onshore in that flow; mostly cloudy - period of clearing skies evening through early late night. Generous breezes gusting frequently into the 20mph range; high pressure to the N, low pressure to the SSE | temperature range: 72 - 78 - 69 | the average temp this period was 73.5 or 3.5 BELOW normal & 1.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: onshore NE - gust to NE 29mph at 6:31PM EDT | rainfall: period TRACE (-0.07") August 6.53" (+1.99" or 144% of normal) annual 38.68" (+5.04" or 115% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SAT 8/24/19 - SUN 8/25/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure over the Great Lakes continued to spread S into vcnty Srn GA/N FL while low pressure remained disorganized over Ern FL; onshore flow with generous breezes and gusts to near 25 mph through the period; a few spotty -SHRA | temperature range: 72 - 75 - 72 | the average temp this period was 73.5 or 2.8 BELOW normal & 7 cooler than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: onshore NE - gust to NE 25mph at 6:54PM EDT & again NE 25mph at MIDNIGHT EDT | rainfall: period 0.01" (+0.13") 5-day total 2.96" August 6.53" (+2.10" or 147% of normal) annual 38.68" (+5.15" or 115% of normal)

-> West Cradock - FRI 8/23/19 - SAT 8/24/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): partly cloudy, hot, humid conditions with steady breezes on mainly SW winds; cold front pressed NW to SE across VA bringing another round of heavy TSRA & SHRA late afternoon through the evening; gusty winds, downpours, and vivid CG LTG prompting SEVERE THUNDERSTORM, FLASH FLOOD WATCHES & ADVISORIES into early evening; FROPA moved through between 5:30 & 6:30PM EDT; late night was cloudy with a brief sprinkle or two; NEW RECORD RAINFALL 1.34" for 8/23/19 surpassing the previous record for the date of 0.93" set here in 2005 | temperature range: 73 - 91 - 70 | the average temp this period was 80.5 or 4.5 ABOVE normal & 2.5 less warm than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: mainly SW before FROPA shifting into the NNW through NE remainder of the period - gust NNW 30mph at 6:55PM EDT | rainfall: period/storm 1.34" (+1.24") 4-day total 2.95" August 6.52" (+2.23" or 152% of normal) annual 38.67" (+5.28" or 116% of normal)

-> West Cradock - THU 8/22/19 - FRI 8/23/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): trough over Virginia in upper flow combined with abundant sunshine, rising air and considerable moisture to produce a line of TSRA which moved through early evening with gusty winds, vivid lightning, and heavy rains; mixed with sunshine, generally partly cloudy, hot, humid; post-evening storm, variably cloudy skies | temperature range: 74 - 95 - 73 | the average temp this period was 84.0 or 4 ABOVE normal & 2.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: generally SW with ongoing hourly breezes 15 to 20mph; TSRA gust WNW 37mph at 7:21PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.67" (+0.60") August 5.18" (+1.02" or 124% of normal) annual 37.33" (+4.07" or 112% of normal)

-> West Cradock - WED 8/21/19 - THU 8/22/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): continued weak high pressure over VA and a weak upper trough positioned over center of state NE to SW; trough did trigger a 2nd day of TSRA development early afternoon; much needed 0.91" of rain fell in 75 mins; partly cloudy skies | temperature range: 75 - 89 - 74 | the average temp this period was 81.5 or 4 ABOVE normal & 2.5 less warm than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: mostly SW to SSW - gust S 29mph at 1:44PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.91" (+0.84") August 4.51" (+0.43" or 111% of normal) annual 36.66" (+3.48" or 110% of normal)

-> West Cradock - TUE 8/20/19 - WED 8/21/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): little change in the weather with weak high pressure covering the Middle Atlantic and a weak upper trough positioned over central Virgina; trough did trigger scattered local SHRA & TSRA development late afternoon into mid-evening; plenty of cloudy to cloud LTG noted with heavy rolling boomers (thunder) noted after sunset; light TSRAs here; increased breeziness during the sunlight hours under partly cloudy skies; increase of humidity evening and overnight | temperature range: 73 - 95 - 74 | the average temp this period was 84.0 or 6 ABOVE normal & 0.5 less warm than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: mostly SSW to SW - gust S 19mph at 2:43PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.03" (-0.07") August 3.60" (-0.32" or 92% of normal) annual 35.75" (+2.73" or 108% of normal)

-> West Cradock - MON 8/19/19 - TUE 8/20/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure over the Middle Atlantic and SErn US while trough extends through central VA; the latter triggered widely scattered TSRA, one of which popped up about 3 miles NE of this station; sunny/fair skies, hot, humid temps | temperature range: 76 - 96 - 73 | the average temp this period was 84.5 or 7 ABOVE normal & 4 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period; the high temp of 96 on 8/19/19 TIED THE STATION MAX TEMP RECORD set previously in 2002 | winds: mostly S to SW with gust S 19mph at 1:49PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.17") August 3.57" (-0.24" or 94% of normal) annual 35.72" (+2.81" or 109% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SUN 8/18/19 - MON 8/19/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): coastal low pulls NE off the Mid-Atlantic and SE US; lots of rain with this system that remained SE of the station altho' extreme SErn VAB did get some measureable showers; weak high pressure strenthens in wake of low but warm, humid conditions persist as surface flow backs from early onshore & variable winds into the becomes SE through SW late period again late period; partly cloudy skies | temperature range: 73 - 88 - 74 | the average temp this period was 80.5 or 2 ABOVE normal & 1 less warm than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: VARIABLE but mostly onshore NE-SE through early evening; then, SE through S overnight - peak gust NNW 14mph at 1:56PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.25") August 3.57" (-0.08" or 98% of normal) annual 35.72" (+2.97" or 109% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SAT 8/17/19 - SUN 8/18/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure over VA while moisture from small low advances to the NNE along the Carolinas' coasts; partly cloudy skies with sprinkle late afternoon as SHRA develops overn Nrn Portsmouth and SWrn Norfolk; light winds, higher humidity | temperature range: 75 - 89 - 73 | the average temp this period was 81 or 1.5 ABOVE normal & 0.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: VARIABLE through 2PM becoming mainly S to SSW balance of the period - peak gust SSW 17mph at 4:53PM EDT | rainfall: period TRACE (-0.21") August 3.57" (+0.17" or 105% of normal) annual 35.72" (+3.22" or 110% of normal)

-> West Cradock - FRI 8/16/19 - SAT 8/17/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): stationary front wavered across SErn VA & NErn NC; a few spotty SHRA and TSRA across the area but no precip recorded here; continued quite humid with light winds | temperature range: 73 - 89 - 74 | the average temp this period was 81.5 or 2.7 ABOVE normal & 2 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: variable early becoming mostly SSE to S through late period, then NNW between 6AM EDT & post-time - peak gust S 21mph at 5:00PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.13") August 3.57" (+0.33" or 110% of normal) annual 35.72" (+3.38" or 110% of normal)

-> West Cradock - THU 8/15/19 - FRI 8/16/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): with wavering front across SErn VA/NErn NC showers early period with variably cloudy skies to follow and a few showers and thunderstorms again late afternoon; warmer and more humid with some fog, especially late night | temperature range: 75 - 85 - 73 | the average temp this period was 79.5 or 1 ABOVE normal & 3 cooler than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: mostly onshore NE through E and SSE becoming NNW late period - peak gust ENE 21mph at 3:21PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.21" (-0.03") August 3.57" (+0.43" or 114% of normal) annual 35.72" (+3.48" or 111% of normal)

-> West Cradock - WED 8/14/19 - THU 8/15/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): couple of energy fields coming through the hot, humid Middle Atlantic brought a mix of clouds and sunshine with develop SHRA and TSRA at times with heaviest activity remaining to the N and S of this station; however, did record a light SHRA with thunder jus to the NE in the early evening with another heavier SHRA mid-evening (0.37"); some fog with rain and some haze in the afternoon; hot temps reached the lower 90s; special wxr statement issued for said storms in the evening which expired by late evening; variably cloudy overnight | temperature range: 74 - 92 - 74 | the average temp this period was 83.0 or 4.8 ABOVE normal & 1 cooler than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: most S & SW through 7PM when SHRA/TSRA activity brought VARIABLE winds overnight - peak gust ENE 17mph at 8:56PM EDT | rainfall: period/storm 0.37" (+0.05") August 3.36" (+0.58" or 121% of normal) annual 35.51" (+3.62" or 111% of normal)

-> West Cradock - TUE 8/13/19 - WED 8/14/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weakening high pressure over the Mid-Atlantic; advancing front from the NW provided energy with lift and increased humidity over VA, all leading to development of SHRA and TSRA along a front moving from central/ERN VA southwest into Central NC; diminished activity as the front moved through the station locale with only a trace of rain noted here in early evening while +TSRA moved through to the N and to the SSW; some haze; increased breezes late AM through the evening | temperature range: 73 - 91 - 73 | the average temp this period was 82.0 or 3.5 ABOVE normal & 4 ABOVE the average temperature of the previous period | winds: most S & SW - peak gust S 25mph at 4:20PM EDT | rainfall: TRACE (-0.27") August 2.99" (+0.48" or 119% of normal) annual 35.14" (+3.53" or 111% of normal)

-> West Cradock - MON 8/12/19 - TUE 8/13/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure still covered New England S along the East Coast to SErn US; some haze; warm temps reaching 90 once again with high humidity early and late period | temperature range: 66 - 90 - 72 | the average temp this period was 78.0 or 1 BELOW normal & the same as the previous period's average temp | winds: SE to SSE then S - peak gust SSE 21mph at 5:53PM EDT | rainfall: 0.00" (-0.28") August 2.99" (+0.69" or 130% of normal) annual 35.14" (+3.74" or 112% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SUN 8/11/19 - MON 8/12/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure continued cover the Middle Atlantic; sunny/clear/fair skies prevailed with warm temps (altho' the avg. was 2 BELOW normal) | temperature range: 70 - 87 - 67 | the average temp this period was 77.0 or 2 BELOW normal & 0.5 less warm than the previous period's average temp | winds: VARIABLE mostly onshore NE thru' 5PM EDT becoming SSE to SE thereafter - peak gust NNW 15mph at 1:15PM EDT | rainfall: 0.00" (-0.28") August 2.99" (+1.00" or 150% of normal) annual 35.14" (+4.05" or 113% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SAT 8/10/19 - SUN 8/11/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure continued to build-down the Middle Atlantic coastal plain during the period bringing "cooler" temps and less humidity especially in the afternoon; NNW to N to onshore surface flow; some haze some high clouds late afternoon into the overnight | temperature range: 73 - 86 - 69 | the average temp this period was 77.5 or 2.5 BELOW normal & 4 less warm than the previous period's average temp | winds: NW, WNW & W through late afternoon becoming onshore ENE-E-ESE-SE thereafter - peak gust NNW 20mph at 10:02AM EDT | rainfall: 0.00" (-0.14") August 2.99" (+1.33" or 180% of normal) annual 35.14" (+4.38" or 114% of normal)

-> West Cradock - FRI 8/9/19 - SAT 8/10/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak surface front moved SSE across Srn VA late FRI triggering scattered SHRA and TSRA just S of this station and still in VA; that activity moved SSE; only a few drops of rain here with thunder heard to the SSE; mostly sunny skies, hot temps but with fairly low afternoon humidity, and generally light winds and some haze; some high clouds overnight | temperature range: 71 - 92 - 72 | the average temp this period was 81.5 or 2 ABOVE normal & 2 warmer than the previous period's average temp | winds: a period of NW & W winds early, then mostly SW & S - peak gust SW 21mph at 5:31PM EDT | rainfall: TRACE (-0.18") August 2.99" (+1.47" or 196% of normal) annual 35.14" (+4.52" or 115% of normal)

-> West Cradock - THU 8/8/19 - FRI 8/9/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure, weak trough over SErn VA/NErn NC; in wake of previous period's storms, the air stabilized a bit and there was no local activity in the afternoon this period despite high humidity and abundant sun; did, however, get some towering clouds in late afternoon; mostly fair skies overnight; some period haze | temperature range: 70 - 90 - 71 | the average temp this period was 79.5 or NORMAL & 1 "cooler" than the previous period's average temp | winds: WNW-WSW-SW with gust to WSW 19mph at 3:09PM EDT | rainfall: 0.00" (-0.14") August 2.99" (+1.64" or 221% of normal) annual 35.14" (+4.69" or 115% of normal)

-> West Cradock - WED 8/7/19 - THU 8/8/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure over the area with embedded trough moving across VA that triggered record rainfall from +TSRA in late afternoon, diminishing to SHRA in the evening; considerable CG LTG; SEVERE TS WATCH AND WARNINGS ISSUED ALONG WITH FLOOD WARNINGS FOR AREA; only minor street flooding here at station; 1.57" of record rain came in 40mins between 4:20 & 5PM EDT; some groundfog at sunrise & fog with heavy rains in afternoon storm; showers tapered off through the evening; partly cloudy skies for the period, quite humid with hot temps right before the storm; NEW DAILY RECORD RAINFALL 8/7/19 1.88" surpassing the 1.74" same date 1991 | temperature range: 69 - 92 - 69 | the average temp this period was 80.5 or 2 ABOVE normal & 1.5 warmer than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly S & SW - peak gust ENE 28mph at 4:23PM EDT | rainfall: period/storm 1.88" (+1.73") August 2.99" (+1.78" or 246% of normal) annual 35.14" (+4.83" or 116% of normal)

-> West Cradock - TUE 8/6/19 - WED 8/7/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure over the area with abundant sunshine and clear/fair skies; humidity high (residual SHRA moisture) early & late period, lower in the afternoon and early evening | temperature range: 69 - 89 - 74 | the average temp this period was 79 or NORMAL & 2.5 warmer than the previous period's average temp | winds: NNW early becoming S & SW for most of the period with some occasional partially onshore SSE breezes late afternoon and evening - peak gust SW 16mph at 3:01PM EDT | rainfall: 0.00" (-0.00") August 1.11" (+0.09" or 108% of normal) annual 33.26" (+3.14" or 110% of normal)

- West Cradock - MON 8/5/19 - TUE 8/6/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): surface front became mostly stationary across VA/NC border vicinity; partly cloudy skies with periods of light rain and fog (AM and evening); very humid with ill-defined, light winds; not as warm | temperature range: 71 - 83 - 70 | the average temp this period was 76.5 or 4 BELOW normal & 5 cooler than the previous period's average temp | winds: ill-defined; VARIABLE through 2PM EDT becoming mostly E through the SSE until mid-evening; then mostly SW through midnight becoming ESE shifting into the NW late period closer to post-time - peak gust SE 14mph at 6:01PM EDT | rainfall: 0.15" (-0.08") August 1.11" (+0.31" or 139% of normal) annual 33.26" (+3.36" or 111% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SUN 8/4/19 - MON 8/5/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure with trough moving through and significant lift from surface S winds in the afternoon led to partly cloudy skies, late afternoon TSRA & SHRA tapering off in the evening; NEW STATION DAILY WIND GUST RECORD 8/4/19 with TS gust S 39mph at 4:50PM EDT | temperature range: 71 - 93 - 70 | the average temp this period was 81.5 or 1 ABOVE normal & 2.0 warmer than the previous period's average temp | winds: VARIABLE early becoming SSE then WNW-WSW till early afternoon; SSE-S late afternoon, becoming SSW-S-SSE late period - peak gust (record 8/4/19) S 39mph at 4:50PM EDT | rainfall: period/storm/event 0.93" (+0.83") August 0.96" (+0.39" or 168% of normal) annual 33.11" (+3.44" or 112% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SAT 7/27/19 - SUN 7/28/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): no change: high pressure continued the pleasant mid-summer conditions with sunny/clear/fair skies, warm temps, lower humidity in the afternoons with light breezes; some light haze | temperature range: 65 - 87 - 65 | the average temp this period was 76 or 4.5 BELOW NORMAL & 1 warmer than the previous period's average temp | winds: ESE early becoming ENE in the afternoon and SE to SSE in the evening - peak gust ENE 18mph at 11:22AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.21") July 5.99" (+1.13" or 123% of normal) annual 31.84" (+3.59" or 113% of normal)

-> West Cradock - FRI 7/26/19 - SAT 7/27/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure continued the pleasant mid-summer conditions with sunny/clear/fair skies, warm temps, lower humidity in the afternoons with light breezes; some light fog early and light haze | temperature range: 67 - 86 - 64 | the average temp this period was 75.0 or 5 BELOW NORMAL & 1.5 lower than the previous period's average temp | winds: NE-ENE through 3PM EDT, then SSE to S through mid evening becoming onshore E'ly thereafter - peak gust ENE 20mph at 11:53AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.15") July 5.99" (+1.30" or 128% of normal) annual 31.84" (+3.76" or 113% of normal)

-> West Cradock - THU 7/25/19 - FRI 7/26/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure covered the entire Ern US with sunny/clear/fair skies locally, more pleasant temps, lower humidity | temperature range: 69 - 85 - 66 | the average temp this period was 76.5 or 3 BELOW NORMAL & 2.5 warmer than the previous period's average temp | winds: NNW-N-mostly NE to ENE - peak gust NE 19mph at 10:28AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.17") July 5.99" (+1.42" or 131% of normal) annual 31.84" (+3.88" or 114% of normal)

-> West Cradock - WED 7/24/19 - THU 7/25/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): cloudy skies - post-frontal - worked S and skies cleared through the afternoon with fair skies overnight; gradually, cooler, drier temps arrived; some lingering fog early period after downpours in the previous period | temperature range: 69 - 80 - 68 | the average temp this period was 74.0 or 6 BELOW NORMAL & 0.5 warmer than the previous period's average temp | winds: WNW-NW through about 11AM EDT; then Ne to ENE through midnight, backing to the N-NNWS late period - peak gust NE 22mph at 11:42AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.35") July 5.99" (+1.59" or 136% of normal) annual 31.84" (+4.05" or 115% of normal)

-> West Cradock - TUE 7/23/19 - WED 7/24/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): Day of transition from the hot (with record heat), humid, hazy, height-of-summer conditions to a cold front heralding heavy SHRA & TSRA, cooler, temps, some rain induced fog ahead of expected high pressure building S from New England; FLASH FLOOD watch early period through late afternoon | temperature range: 74 - 79 - 68 | the average temp this period was 73.5 or 7 BELOW NORMAL & 13 lower than the previous period's average temp | winds: SW-then W-then WNW through NOON EDT becoming N to NE through early evening, then NW overnight - peak gust NW 21mph at around MIDNIGHT EDT | rainfall: period 1.68" (+1.32") storm 2.29" July 5.99" (+2.10" or 154% of normal) annual 31.84" (+4.56" or 117% of normal)

-> West Cradock - MON 7/22/19 - TUE 7/23/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): HEAT ADVISORY for the daylight hours; another sunny, warm, humid sunrise but the day promised - and came through! - breezy conditions with a gust around 1PM to 32 mph from the SW; scattered TSRA developed over the area in the evening with distant LTG and only a SHRA here; another area of SHRA and TSRA moved through around 5AM with some strong lightning, little wind, and another 0.60" of rain | temperature range: 79 - 99 - 74 | the average temp this period was 86.5 or 5 ABOVE NORMAL & 2.5 lower than the previous period's average temp | winds: SW-SSW continued with peak breeze gust SW 32mph at 1:07PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.61" (+0.36") July 4.31" (+0.46" or 112% of normal) annual 29.55" (+2.92" or 111% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SUN 7/21/19 - MON 7/22/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): EXCESSIVE HEAT WARNING continued but was changed to a HEAT ADVISORY overnight, late period; sunny/clear/fair with record heat, high humidity, haze, heat indices in excess of 110, haze | temperature range: 79 - 100 - 79 | the average temp this period was 89.0 or 8 ABOVE NORMAL & 0 WARMER/COOLER than the previous period's average temp; the high temp 7/21/19 of 100 at 5:01PM EDT established a NEW STATION MAX TEMP RECORD for the date. The previous record was 99 set in 1977; the low temp 7/21/19 of 78 at 6:18AM EDT TIED THE STATION MAX LOW TEMP RECORD for the date. The previous record was set in 1983 | winds: SW-SSW continued with peak gust SW 22mph around NOON EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.20") July 3.70" (+0.21" or 106% of normal) annual 29.55" (+2.67" or 110% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SAT 7/20/19 - SUN 7/21/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): EXCESSIVE HEAT WARNING continued; sunny/clear/fair with record heat, high humidity and heat indices, haze | temperature range: 78 - 100 - 78 | the average temp this period was 89.0 or 8 ABOVE NORMAL & 2 WARMER than the previous period's average temp; the high temp 7/20/19 of 100 at 4:12PM EDT established a NEW STATION MAX TEMP RECORD for the date. The previous record was 98 set in 1977; the low temp 7/20/19 of 78 at 6:28AM EDT TIED THE STATION MAX LOW TEMP RECORD for the date. The previous record was set in 1998 | winds: SW-SSW with peak gust SW 21mph at 4:28PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.17") July 3.70" (+0.45" or 114% of normal) annual 29.55" (+2.91" or 111% of normal)

-> West Cradock - FRI 7/19/19 - SAT 7/20/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): little change in the weather... EXCESSIVE HEAT WARNING remained in effect; hot, humid, hazy, light winds under sunny/clear/fair skies | temperature range: 74 - 96 - 78 | the average temp this period was 87.0 or 6 ABOVE NORMAL & 1.5 WARMER than the previous period's average temp | winds: S-SW-W-WNW through about 3PM EDT; then mainly S & SW - peak gust S 17mph at 4:16PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.26") July 3.70" (+0.53" or 117% of normal) annual 29.55" (+2.99" or 111% of normal)

-> West Cradock - THU 7/18/19 - FRI 7/19/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): little change in the weather... HEAT ADVISORY remained in effect until upgraded to a EXCESSIVE HEAT WARNING late period; hot, humid, breezy sunlight hour conditions with partly cloudy skies; distant lightning late evening with SHRA from 11:30PM until 12 MIDNIGHT; another light SHRA around 2:30AM EDT 7/19/19; NEW RECORD TEMP - MAX LOW 78 for 7/18/19 - previously 1986 | temperature range: 80 - 97 - 74 | the average temp this period was 85.5 or 5 ABOVE NORMAL & 3.0 COOLER than the previous period's average temp | winds: S-SSW-SW - peak gust SSW 26mph at 12:46PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.27" (+0.05") July 3.70" (+0.79" or 127% of normal) annual 29.55" (+3.25" or 112% of normal)

-> West Cradock - WED 7/17/19 - THU 7/18/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure over the SErn US continued to pump hot, humid, sometimes haze conditions across the area with abundant sun and patch cloudiness; very localized pop-up TSRA nearby in the afternoon and overnight with thunder heard to the NE and SSE; but no activity here at this station; heat advisory posted for high heat indices (110-120) 11AM till sunset; generally light winds; NEW RECORD HI (TIED) 98 for 7/17/19 - previously 1988 | temperature range: 78 - 98 - 77 | the average temp this period was 88.5 or 8 ABOVE NORMAL & 2.5 WARMER than the previous period's average temp | winds: S TO SW entire period - peak gust S 21mph at 6:26PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.11") July 3.43" (+0.75" or 128% of normal) annual 29.28" (+3.21" or 112% of normal)

-> West Cradock - TUE 7/16/19 - WED 7/17/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): coastal boundary front moved back to sea allowing for high pressure to settle in from the west bringing hotter temps, increased humidity and some haze under abundant sunshine, partly cloudy skies in the afternoon; generally light winds; two TSRA developed just to the W and NW during early afternoon and moved across the Hampton Roads cities in mid-afternoon with 0.08" here but with far greater amounts across the area; heat indices exceeded 110 | temperature range: 77 - 95 - 77 | the average temp this period was 85.5 or 5 ABOVE NORMAL & 0.5 WARMER than the previous period's average temp | winds: quite VARIABLE but mostly SE-SSE-S-SSW through 2PM becoming steady SSW remainder of period - peak gust in TSRA was SW 24mph AROUND 2pm EDT | rainfall: period 0.08" (-0.07") July 3.43" (+0.86" or 134% of normal) annual 29.28" (+3.32" or 113% of normal)

-> West Cradock - MON 7/15/19 - TUE 7/16/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure remained over the area along with a weak boundary zone (FROPA as period began) with high pressure to the NE ridging down the East Coast to SErn VA; continued sunny/fair skies with haze, light winds, increasing humidity; heat indices rising in the afternoons to between 100 & 110; interaction of the NE & SE US systems at the boundary zone may help produce local SHRA and TSRA mainly in the afternoons 7/16 & 7/17 | temperature range: 81 - 92 - 76 | the average temp this period was 85.0 or 5 ABOVE NORMAL & 1.5 COOLER than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly VARIABLE early NW-N-NE-ENE-N becoming SSE late evening through post-time - peak gust NE 19mph at 9:31AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.17") July 3.35" (+0.93" or 138% of normal) annual 29.20" (+3.39" or 113% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SUN 7/14/19 - MON 7/15/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure remained over; back in the heat on SUN with increased humidity, light winds, some haze; by period's end, coastal surface front moved into the area switching winds into the N and NE with expected slightly cooler temps to follow for 7/15/19 | temperature range: 75 - 95 - 76 | the average temp this period was 85.5 or 5 ABOVE NORMAL & 2.5 WARMER than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly SW-WSW-WNW-NW-NNW through 7PM EDT; SE-S-SW evening through the overnight hours - peak gust WNW 17mph at 3:35PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.19") July 3.35" (+1.12" or 150% of normal) annual 29.20" (+3.58" or 114% of normal)

-> West Cradock - SAT 7/13/19 - SUN 7/14/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure remained over; WSW to ENE boundary front across Srn VA with weak impulse aloft that created only some patchy cloudiness early afternoon; no local SHRA/TSRA activity except SSE near Elizabeth City; light winds, drier in the afternoono; hot temps reaching 90 despite dominant onshore flow in the afternoon (which did help keep temps from going even higher) | temperature range: 78 - 90 - 74 | the average temp this period was 82.0 or 2.5 ABOVE NORMAL & 1.5 WARMER than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly W & WNW early becoming onshore NE-E-SE-SSE through the 1AM EDT followed by S to SW late period - peak gust NE 17mph at 12:15PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.25") July 3.35" (+1.73" or 174% of normal) annual 29.20" (+3.89" or 115% of normal)

-> West Cradock - FRI 7/12/19 - SAT 7/13/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): little change in the weather; weak high pressure in wake of SHRA and TSRA late previous period (THU-FRI AM); partly cloudy early, then abundant sunshine, only light wind, quite humid with heat indicies 100+ in the afternoon through early evening; TSRA passed N to E some 20 miles N to NE of the station late evening | temperature range: 74 - 91 - 77 | the average temp this period was 83.0 or 4 ABOVE NORMAL & 0.5 COOLER than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly SW-W-WSW through the period - peak gust SSW 23 mph at 9:00AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (+0.15") July 3.35" (+1.61" or 191% of normal) annual 29.20" (+4.06" or 116% of normal)

-> West Cradock - THU 7/11/19 - FRI 7/12/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weakened high pressure over the lower Mid-Atlantic with SW flow moving across the area with WARMFROPA; partly cloudy skies, hot, more humid but with increased breezes; TSRA and SHRA move across SErn VA mid-evening to just after MIDNIGHT; TSRA wind gust NNW 33mph set a NEW DAILY WIND GUST RECORD for 7/11/19 surpassing the 29mph recorded in 1990; showers end overnight with variably cloudy skies to follow to post-time | temperature range: 77 - 93 - 73 | the average temp this period was 83.0 or 0.5 4 ABOVE NORMAL & 0.5 WARMER than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly SSW-SW-S-SSE through the period - peak gust NNW 33mph at 9:19PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.70" (+0.45") July 3.35" (+1.60" or 191% of normal) annual 29.20" (+4.06" or 116% of normal)

-> West Cradock - WED 7/10/19 - THU 7/11/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure moved off the SE US coast with return-side warm frontal passage overnight; skies mostly sunny/clear; "coolish" temps early period with highs reaching 90 in the afternoon; humidity levels gradually increase with WRMFROPA not long after midnight | temperature range: 67 - 90 - 77 | the average temp this period was 83.0 or 2.5 ABOVE NORMAL & 9.5 WARMER than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly NE-ESE-SSE-S-SW through the period - peak gust SSE 16mph at 11:43AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.18") July 2.65" (+1.28" or 194% of normal) annual 28.50" (+3.74" or 115% of normal)

-> West Cradock - TUE 7/9/19 - WED 7/10/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure with cooler air from SErn Canada and New England continued to push S along the Middle Atlantic coastal states southward into the Carolinas; with this system, drier, "cooler" air and sunny/clear skies covered the area; onshore surface flow | temperature range: 75 - 83 - 64 | the average temp this period was 73.5 or 7 BELOW NORMAL & 6.5 COOLER than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly NE to ENE - peak gust ENE 21mph at 3:35PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.20") July 2.65" (+1.46" or 223% of normal) annual 28.50" (+3.92" or 116% of normal