West Cradock - Portsmouth, Virginia - CoCoRAHs Daily Updates
=> West Cradock - MON 11/18/19 - TUE 11/19/19 (7AM-7AM EST): area remained damp, cool as clouds and a few pockets of DZ and -RA moved SW across SErn VA behind low pressure well-offshore and to the NE of SErn VA; more -SHRA moved across the area from the SW late afternoon through period's end; COASTAL FLOOD ADVISORY was dropped | temperature range: 44 - 48 - 45 | the average temp this period was 46.0 or 4.7 BELOW normal & 0.5 COLDER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: NNW TO NW through mid-afternoon becoming W then WSW-SW-SSW-S in the evening through remainder of the period - peak gust NNW 20 mph around 9AM | rainfall: period 0.05" (0.00") November 1.58" (-0.54" or 74% of normal) annual 46.47" (+0.35" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 11/17/19 - MON 11/18/19 (7AM-7AM EST): low pressure continued its path NE'wd well east of SC to SE VA through the period, farther east than progged; while HIGH WIND WARNING was dropped as strongest winds remained at sea; COASTAL FLOOD WARNING then ADVISORY continued as onshore fetch sent higher seas to shore and local waterways saw above normal tides again this period which produced localized flooding in flood-prone spots; continued damp, cool; cloudy skies with areas of DZ and -RA through the period | temperature range: 46 - 48 - 45 | the average temp this period was 46.5 or 4.4 BELOW normal & 1 COLDER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: mostly N to NNW - peak gust N 34 mph at 10:13 AM | rainfall: period 0.02" (-0.06") November 1.54" (-0.55" or 73% of normal) annual 46.42" (+0.34" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 11/16/19 - SUN 11/17/19 (7AM-7AM EST): developing and redeveloping low pressure well-east of GA/SC with high pressure over Nrn New England; low very slow to evolve and actually moved further east and northeast than progged earlier, so not as much rain in SErn VA as forecast; still, HIGH WIND WARNING AND COASTAL FLOOD WARNING in effect considering long-term gusty winds and ocean fetch contributing to building seas and the threat for flooding up to 2' at flood prone coastal locations locally at times of high tides | temperature range: 45 - 50 - 46 | the average temp this period was 47.5 or 4.5 BELOW normal & 0.5 HIGHER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: NE through the period with backing to NE and N at 3AM till post-time - peak gust NE 40 mph at 1:49PM | rainfall: period 0.03" (-0.08") November 1.52" (-0.46" or 76% of normal) annual 46.41" (+0.43" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 11/15/19 - SAT 11/16/19 (7AM-7AM EST): trough offshore E and SE US becomes track for developing low pressures off the SE US coast sending more areas of rain N along the coastal plain into SErn VA; meanwhile, high pressure to the N settled further E and S from SRrn CAN into New England. With the two systems interacting with strong high to N and developing lows offshore, expectations for upcoming coastal stormy conditions with several lows moving NE offshore SE and Mid-Atlantic states, eventually to offshore New England. Deepening lows and strong high portend strengthening winds. As a result, HIGH WIND & COASTAL FLOOD WATCHES upgraded to WARNINGS, likely continuing into the weekend | temperature range: 47 - 50 - 44 | the average temp this period was 47 or 5.9 BELOW normal & 9 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: winds increase as cold air sinks S along the Eastern seaboard, with onshore NE flow increasing breezes to the 20 mph range and with gusts to the 30mph range after midnight | rainfall: period 0.28" (+0.17") November 1.49" (-0.38" or 80% of normal) annual 46.38" (+0.51" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 11/14/19 - FRI 11/15/19 (7AM-7AM EST): high pressure pulls away after a very cold (25), morning with a HEAVY FROST; overrunning moisture resulted in an increase of high clouds to become overcast with rain beginning around 3:50AM; fog develos with rain | temperature range: 26 - 50 - 45 | the average temp this period was 38 or 14.9 BELOW normal & 7 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: CALM early becoming variable but mostly onshore ENE through sunset followed by a period of NNW light wind through 4AM becoming onshore ENE again as rain arrives; COASTAL FLOOD WATCH & HIGH WIND WARNING in effect late period for pending coastal storm next two, possibly three periods! | rainfall: period 0.32" (+0.21") November 1.21" (-0.65" or 65% of normal) annual 46.10" (+0.24" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 11/13/19 - THU 11/14/19 (7AM-7AM EST): large arctic high pressure built across the Eastern US; sunny, very cold temps, low wind chills early period; as winds died off to CALM for many hours late period, frost development with heavy frost noted at post-time; the high temp of only 37 for 11/13/19 established a NEW STATION MINIMUM HIGH TEMP for the date surpassing the 43 of 2013 | temperature range: 30 - 37 - 25 | the average temp this period was 31 or 20 BELOW normal & 12.5 COLDER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: N to NW through mid-day becoming light onshore ENE before dropping off to CALM from mid-evening through late period | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.11") November 0.89" (-0.82" or 52% of normal) annual 45.78" (+0.07" or 100% of normal)

=> West Cradock - TUE 11/12/19 - WED 11/13/19 (7AM-7AM EST): cold front pushes across VA with rain arriving mid-AM, continuing through early evening; -IP 7 -SN mix in with the rain near sunset with only a TRACE noted; gusty winds peaking near 40mph with FROPA slowly subsided overnight; FREEZE WARNING for late period beginning 2AM; partly cloudy skies late with possibility of developing bay effect scattered snow showers late period | temperature range: 56 - falling through the 40s & 30s - 31 | the average temp this period was 43.5 or 7.5 BELOW normal & 12.0 COLDER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: SW through 10AM becoming WNW then gusty NNW with FROPA round 11AM - peak period gust NNW 39mph around 2PM | rainfall: period 0.33" (+0.08") November 0.88" (-0.65" or 57% of normal) annual 45.77" (+0.24" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - MON 11/11/19 - TUE 11/12/19 (7AM-7AM EST): backside of high pressure moving seaward pumped milder temps northward across SErn VA; sunshine early with partly cloudy skies afternoon becoming cloudy overnight ahead of cold front back in the NC/VA mts. & moving E | temperature range: 44 - 67 - 54 - 56 | the average temp this period was 55.5 or 3.4 ABOVE normal & 7.5 warmer than the average temp of the previous period | winds: S to SW - peak period gust SSW 23mph at 3:07pm | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.24") November 0.56" (-0.69" or 45% of normal) annual 45.45" (+0.20" or 100% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 11/10/19 - MON 11/11/19 (7AM-7AM EST): high pressure continued over the Eastern US with center of high moving to the coast; temps warmed nicely after a frost start on 11/11/19 under mostly sunny/clear skies | temperature range: 33 - 63 - 44 | the average temp this period was 48.0 or 6 BELOW normal & 8 warmer than the average temp of the previous period | winds: CALM early becoming SSW to SW - peak period gust SSW 21mph AT 1:30pm | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.15") November 0.56" (-0.49" or 53% of normal) annual 45.45" (+0.40" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 11/9/19 - SUN 11/10/19 (7AM-7AM EST): high pressure covered the Eastern US with center overhead Middle Atlantic late period; mostly sunny/clear skies, lower humidity levels in the afternoon but high at beginning and end of period leading to FROST each time with a heavier, moderate, killing FROST late period | temperature range: 33 - 49 - 32 | the average temp this period was 40.0 or as whopping 14.8 BELOW normal & 0.5 less cold than the average temp of the previous period | winds: CALM to light NNW early becoming NE then ENE and back to NE - peak period gust ENE 19mph around NOON EST | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.08") November 0.56" annual 45.45" (+0.49" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 11/8/19 - SAT 11/9/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): cold front continued rapidly to sea with large, colder high pressure building from the deep S NE to New England from the nation's midsection with center of high shifting eastward to over Nrn VA at period's end; mostly sunny/clear skies with cool temps (and even lower wind chills to 30 in gusts) | temperature range: 44 - 46 - 33 | the average temp this period was 39.5 or 14.3 BELOW normal & a whopping 15 COLDER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: NNW with peak period gust NNW 31mph around 10AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (+0.06") November 0.56" (-0.34" or 62% of normal) annual 45.45" (+0.55" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 11/7/19 - FRI 11/8/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): progressive wxr pattern with high pressure ridged along the East Coast shifting seaward while a cold front moved steadily ESE crossing the local just after midnight. Some showers (0.08") ahead and along the front but bulk of moisture focused S of the station, mainly across NErn NC; CALM, chilly, damp start to the period with SW winds pushing temps to the lower 70s with breezes from the SW to 21mph; FROPA between midnight and 1AM with cloudy skies balance of the night | temperature range: 39 - 70 - 48 | the average temp this period was 54.5 or 0.9 ABOVE normal & 6 warmer than the average temp of the previous period | winds: CALM early becoming mostly S to SW then SW through WSW until early 11/8/19, shifting into the W-NW-NNW after FROPA - peak gust NNW 27mph at 4:02AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.08" (+0.01") November 0.46" (-0.44" or 51% of normal) annual 45.35" (+0.45" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 11/6/19 - THU 11/7/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure builds from the OH Valley across Nrn VA and is offshore New England by late in period; mostly clear/sunny skies with cool temps through the period; breezy conditions through mid-day with diminishing winds afternoon to near CALM late night | temperature range: 55 - 58 - 39 | the average temp this period was 48.5 or 6.1 BELOW normal & 10 colder than the average temp of the previous period | winds: NE to ENE - peak gust NE 25mph at 10:45AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.11") November 0.38" (-0.37" or 50% of normal) annual 45.27" (+0.52" or 101% of normal)

=>West Cradock - TUE 11/5/19 - WED 11/6/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): offshore trough with trailing light SHRA through late AM gave way to clearing skies in the afternoon through the overnight; generally light winds with FROPA moving through near-to-just-after midnight and winds shifting into the NNW | temperature range: 59 - 66 - 51 - 55 | the average temp this period was 58.5 or 2 ABOVE normal & 9 milder than the average temp of the previous period | winds: SSE through late AM becoming W behind precip then S through early AM 11/6/19; shifting to NNW then NE late night as surface front passed - peak gust pre-front 12 MPH around NOON with gust after FROPA of NE 23mph at post-time | rainfall: period 0.02" (-0.11") November 0.38" (-0.26" or 60% of normal) annual 45.27" (+0.63" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - MON 11/4/19 - TUE 11/5/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure right over VA coupled with max radiational cooling produced the season's first frost to ground level; cold AM temps and high humidities, no readings and no wind; remainder of period featured high pressure with partly cloudy skies shifting offshore East Coast with a "fly in the ointment" with a weak offshore trough sending some showers under mostly cloudy skies late period; temps warmed to low 60s in the afternoon | temperature range: 36 - 63 - 56 - 59 | the average temp this period was 49.5 or 6.5 BELOW normal & 2.5 milder than the average temp of the previous period | winds: CALM early becoming mainly SSE through late night, then WNW 5 AM EDT till post-time on backside of departing SHRA - peak gust SSE 19 MPH AT 10:46 AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.05" (-0.10") November 0.36" (-0.28" or 56% of normal) annual 45.25" (+0.61" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 11/3/19 - MON 11/4/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): cool weather continued as high pressure covered the Middle Atlantic with scattered light frost early and late, plenty of daily sun, light winds; smoke noted late afternoon through the overnight due to illegal open burning | temperature range: 39 - 58 - 36 | the average temp this period was 47 or 9 BELOW normal & 1.5 colder than the average temp of the previous period | winds: generally light N to NW diminishing to CALM late night - peak gust NNW 19 MPH AT 9:11AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.13") November 0.31" (-0.02" or 94% of normal) annual 45.20" (+0.87" or 102% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 11/02/19 - SUN 11/3/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure centered over the Middle Atlantic continued the pleasant fall weather with cool, dry conditions; some patchy light ground fog, even nearby rooftops where super-cooling occurred left spotty frost altho' no frost noted at ground level at the station | temperature range: 39 - 58 - 40 | the average temp this period was 48.5 or 8.9 BELOW normal & 1 warmer than the average temp of the previous period | winds: NNE early then NE thereafter - peak gust ENE 21 MPH AT 3:21PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.11") November 0.31" (+0.07" or 127% of normal) annual 45.20" (+0.96" or 102% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 11/01/19 - SAT 11/2/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): cold front with gusty winds, SHRA moved well to the E of the station early period with sunny skies, more gentle breezes and colder, drier temps which reached the upper 30s for the 1st time this new fall period | temperature range: 47 - 56 - 39 | the average temp this period was 47.5 or 11 BELOW normal & 17.5 colder than the average temp of the previous period | winds: mainly NNW through the afternoon becoming NNE thereafter - peak gust NNW 24 a around 10AM EDT | rainfall: period/storm 0.31" (+0.20") November 0.31" (+0.18" or 239% of normal) annual 45.20" (+1.07" or 102% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 10/31/19 - FRI 11/1/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): warm front continued moving NW across SErn to Central VA; partly cloudy skies through the period with record-breaking warm temps and developing gusty winds ahead of a surface cold front dropping from low pressure continuing into New England. The front arrived just after midnight with winds gusts (new record) to SSW 41mph and with a line of moderate SHRA (no LTG observed locally); skies cleared out late period & were clear by post-time; The hi temp 10/31/19 of 83 at 3:05PM EDT established a NEW STATION MAX HIGH TEMP RECORD for the date. The previous record was 80 set in 2004. The low temp 10/31/19 of 66 at 12:01AM EDT established a A NEW STATION MAX LOW TEMP RECORD for the date. The previous record was 64 in 1985. A NEW STATION DAILY WIND GUST record was established 10/31/19 with a gust of 34 mph at 8:36PM EDT in the West Cradock section of Portsmouth. The previous station record for this date was 33 mph in 2008. | temperature range: 69 - 83 - 47 | the average temp this period was 65 or 6.9 ABOVE normal & the same average as the average temp of the previous period | winds: mostly S through just after midnight becoming SW to W to NW thereafter - peak gust SSW 41mph at 12:46AM EDT | rainfall: period/storm/November 0.31" (+0.20") October 3.78" (-0.10" or 98% of normal) annual 44.89" (+0.89" or 102% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 10/30/19 - THU 10/31/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure with weak trough offshore along the Middle Atlantic coast combined to produce mostly cloudy skies and a few -SHRA passing through from the SW during the afternoon; high pressure reorients offshore SErn US seaboard with return, increasing S and SW flow late period | temperature range: 63 - 69 - 61 | the average temp this period was 65 or 8.3 ABOVE normal & 0.5 milder than the average temp of the previous period | winds: NE to ENE through early afternoon becoming SE to SSE through late the remainder of the period; steady winds peaking in the 10 to 20 mph range - peak gust SSE 16mph at 11:51pm EDT | rainfall: period TRACE (-0.07") October 3.77" (-0.03" or 99% of normal) annual 44.88" (+0.96" or 102% of normal)

=> West Cradock - MON 10/28/19 - TUE 10/29/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure built slowly into the area through the period with onshore NE to ENE flow and cooler, increasingly drier conditions; mostly sunny/clear skies early became variably cloudy latter half of the period | temperature range: 62 - 66 - 61 | the average temp this period was 63.5 or 6.4 ABOVE normal & 8 cooler than the average temp of the previous period | winds: NE to ENE - peak gust NE 26mph at 12:33PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.20") October 3.77" (+0.22" or 106% of normal) annual 44.88" (+1.21" or 103% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 10/27/19 - MON 10/28/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): area moved into backside region of high pressure moving to sea ahead of advancing cold front; a warm, humid start to the period under partly cloudy skies; line of SHRA moved through in the afternoon just ahead of cold front that filtered through in the late evening; clearing skies followed through the overnight | temperature range: 67 - 82 - 61 | the average temp this period was 71.5 or a whopping 13.1 ABOVE normal & 4.5 warmer than the average temp of the previous period; FROPA late evening | winds: breezy SSE to S through 11AM EDT, S to SSW through 4PM EDT, then diminishing S becoming WSW through about 1AM EDT becoming NNW through NE thereafter - peak gust SSW 29mph at 12:33PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.41 (+0.26") October 3.77" (+0.42" or 103% of normal) annual 44.88" (+1.41" or 103% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 10/26/19 - SUN 10/27/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure over the area with west-to-east weak surface front across Srn VA; partly cloudy skies with light, ill-defined but mainly onshore winds; some sunrise ground fog 10/26/17; WARMFROPA toward post-time with few sprinkles accompanying | temperature range: 57 - 77 - 66 - 71 | the average temp this period was 67.0 or 8 ABOVE normal & 2 warmer than the average temp of the previous period | winds: light N then NE becoming SE to S with nice afternoon breezes which diminished somewhat late night - peak gust S 21mph at 2:14PM EDT | rainfall: period TRACE (-0.12") October 3.36" (+0.10" or 103% of normal) annual 44.47" (+1.09" or 103% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 10/25/19 - SAT 10/26/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure still over the lower Middle Atlantic continued the partly cloudy skies and ongoing pleasant fall temps | temperature range: 55 - 75 - 57 | the average temp this period was 65.0 or 6 ABOVE normal & 8 warmer than the average temp of the previous period | winds: S through 10AM becoming SSE late AM through mid-afternoon; then light N winds at times near CALM remainder of period - peak gust SSE 13mph at 11:52AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.18") October 3.36" (+0.25" or 108% of normal) annual 44.47" (+1.24" or 103% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 10/24/19 - FRI 10/25/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure ridged along the East Coast; mostly sunny/clear/fair skies with cooler temps continuing | temperature range: 45 - 70 - 54 | the average temp this period was 57.5 or 2 BELOW normal & the same average temp of the previous period | winds: NNW through late AM becoming SSE through late evening, then S'ly overnight - peak gust SSE 18mph at 11:28AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.14") October 3.36" (+0.45" or 116% of normal) annual 44.47" (+1.44" or 103% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 10/23/19 - THU 10/24/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): early period cloudiness dispersed & was followed by sunny/clear skies with cooler temps as high pressure reoriented from the Srn States to the Middle Atlantic | temperature range: 58 - 69 - 46 | the average temp this period was 57.5 or 1.8 BELOW normal & 9.0 COLDER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: WNW to NNW early becoming NNW late afternoon through period's end - peak gust NW 17mph around 11AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.08") October 3.36" (+0.53" or 119% of normal) annual 44.47" (+1.52" or 104% of normal)

=> West Cradock - TUE 10/22/19 - WED 10/23/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): partly cloudy skies with weak high pressure giving way to swiftly moving (NEwd) across Srn VA ahead of a FROPA which arrived between 11PM and MIDNIGHT EDT; a SHRA accompanied the front; surface flow became breezy from the SSE in late afternoon; variable cloudiness with a lot of residual moisture behind the front late period to post-time | temperature range: 59 - 75 - 58 | the average temp this period was 66.5 or 6.8 ABOVE normal & 7.0 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: SSE to S to SSW pre-FROPA becoming WNW to NW thereafter - peak gust S 27mph at 3:14PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.01" (-0.04") October 3.36" (+0.62" or 123% of normal) annual 44.47" (+1.61" or 104% of normal)

=> West Cradock - MON 10/21/19 - TUE 10/22/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): skies remained cloudy behind departed cold front now at sea, light wind flow and low clouds on backside of front continued to flow S along the coastal plain; cooler but with ill-defined winds and weak high pressure over the area, humidity levels remained high (in the 90%+ range), patchy fog | temperature range: 58 - 61 - 59 | the average temp this period was 59.5 or NORMAL & 6.0 COOLER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: mostly N to NNW through mid-afternoon, becoming ENE then SE until 11PM followed by shift to S, SSW, SW & W overnight - peak gust NNW 23mph around 8AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.09") October 3.35" (+0.63" or 123% of normal) annual 44.46" (+1.62" or 104% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 10/20/19 - MON 10/21/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): low pressure moved NE across the SErn/Mid Atl coastal plains bringing showers, rain, fog and gusty winds; rain tapered off in late afternoon with another brief shower late evening; A NEW STATION DAILY RAINFALL RECORD was established 10/20/19 when 1.55" of rain fell in the West Cradock area of Portsmouth. The previous record was 1.03" set in 1999; some minor nuisance flooding at times of high tide in areas prone to such | temperature range: 64 - 73 - 58 | the average temp this period was 65.5 or 5.5 ABOVE normal & 10.0 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: SSE to S through 4PM becoming NW & NNW thereafter - peak gust SSE 30mph at 1:04PM EDT | rainfall: period 1.25" (+1.13") October 3.34" (+0.69" or 126% of normal) annual 44.45" (+1.68" or 104% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 10/19/19 - SUN 10/20/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure continued to hold over the Middle Atlantic early; sunny/clear skies early showed a gradual increase of high clouds ahead of remnants of post sub-tropical storm Nestor as it moved across eastern panhandle of FL into the SE; its showers and more general rains moved into SErn VA at 4:25AM EDT; coastal flood advisory for nuisance higher tides in areas prone to such flooding as onshore winds increase during the upcoming period | temperature range: 42 - 69 - 59 - 65 | the average temp this period was 55.5 or 8.8 BELOW normal & 3.0 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: NNW, N, then NE; then S to SE and SSE through 2AM EDT; winds back into the ENE as effects of trop strm arrived late period - peak gust SE 15mph at 12:48PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.095") October 2.10" (-0.40" or 75% of normal) annual 42.90" (+0.32" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 10/18/19 - SAT 10/19/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure continued to build over the Mid-East bring another day of sunny/clear skies, cool temps and nice breezes early, diminishing overnight | temperature range: 42 - 62 - 42 | the average temp this period was 52.0 or 8.8 BELOW normal & 0.5 COOLER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: WNW through NNW entire period with peak gust NNW 26mph at 10:53AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.125") October 1.79" (-0.55" or 76% of normal) annual 42.90" (+0.44" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 10/17/19 - FRI 10/18/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure builds into the area behind departing low and FROPA last period; mostly sunny, clear skies with drier, cooler temps averaging below normal | temperature range: 47 - 63 - 42 | the average temp this period was 52.5 or 8.2 BELOW normal & 5.5 COOLER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: SW then W through NOON EDT; WNW to W afternoon till sunset; WSW to W then to WNW overnight - peak gust WNW 29 mph at 2:21PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.21") October 1.79" (-0.43" or 81% of normal) annual 42.90" (+0.56" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 10/16/19 - THU 10/17/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): fast moving fronts across the Mid-Atlantic this period; warm fropa up the coastal plain, period of increasing warmth and winds ahead of cold front sweeping through VA to the SErn VA coast by sunset; record (station) 1.29" of rain (sometimes heavy) for 10/16/19 surpassing the 0.63" in 1991; cloudy skies early with rain arriving mid-AM & ending with FROPA late afternoon; skies cleared in the evening and overnight; gusty winds through evening, diminishing late night; fog with heavier rain | temperature range: 64 - 69 - 47 | the average temp this period was 58 or 3 BELOW normal & 1 COOLER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: SSE through 3PM EDT shifting into the SSW before becoming WNW, NW, then WSW to W evening through the overnight - peak gust WNW 29mph at 10:11PM EDT | rainfall: period 1.29" (+1.13") October 1.79" (-0.14" or 93% of normal) annual 42.90" (+0.85" or 102% of normal)

=> West Cradock - TUE 10/15/19 - WED 10/16/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure still over the lower Middle Atlantic; some early cloudiness then clearing to become mostly sunny/fair through the evening with increasing high clouds late period as cold front, warm front and low pressure moved across the SE heading towards Srn VA towards post-time; FROPA @ 9:30AM EDT | temperature range: 53 - 73 - 59 | the average temp this period was 63 or 1 ABOVE normal & 0 COOLER/WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: S through mid-AM becoming NE to ENE remainder of period - peak gust NE 21mph at 9:53AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.07") October 0.50" (-1.37" or 27% of normal) annual 41.61" (-0.38" or 98% of normal)

=> West Cradock - MON 10/14/19 - TUE 10/15/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure built into the East with weak FROPA in the AM that brought some cloudiness in the early period followed by considerable sunshine/clear skies thereafter; generally light winds, pleasant temps; radiational cooling brought ground fog late period | temperature range: 67 - 73 - 53 | the average temp this period was 63 or BELOW normal & 7 COOLER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: S to SW early becoming NNW through mid-afternoon; then ENE to SE in the evening; wind light S'ly overnight - peak gust NNW 17mph around 2pm EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (+0.11") October 0.50" (-1.26" or 28% of normal) annual 41.61" (-0.27" or 99% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 10/13/19 - MON 10/14/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): partly cloudy skies early with increase of cloudiness in the afternoon; showers arrive evening through about 1AM EDT; activity moved offshore late night | temperature range: 60 - 80 - 66 | the average temp this period was 70 or 7 ABOVE normal & 6 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: ENE briefly (FROPA) became SSE & S through early afternoon; then SW-WSW-SSE-SW remainder of the period - peak gust W 19mph at 5:10pm EDT | rainfall: period 0.24" (+0.12") October 0.50" (-1.18" or 28% of normal) annual 41.61" (-0.16" or 100% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 10/12/19 - SUN 10/13/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): continued great early fall weather as high pressure between Trop Strm well at sea and eastward moving cold front approaching the Appalachians; COASTAL FLOOD ADVISORY remained in effect for minor flooding in prone areas at times of high tides | temperature range: 50 - 78 - 60 | the average temp this period was 64 or 1 ABOVE normal & 4 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: near CALM early, becoming backing to the W then into the S through sunset; thereafter, light SSE to near CALM - peak gust S 16mph at 2:22pm EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.08") October 0.26" (-1.26" or 17% of normal) annual 41.37" (-0.27" or 99% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 10/11/19 - SAT 10/12/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): pleasant early fall weather with mostly sunny/clear skies and cooler temps; some patchy cloudiness late period toward post-time; COASTAL FLOOD ADVISORY remained in effect for minor flooding in prone areas at times of high tides | temperature range: 55 - 70 - 50 | the average temp this period was 60 or 3.5 BELOW normal & 2 COOLER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: NW-NNW through 4PM becoming NE to ENE and diminishing evening through the overnight - peak gust NNW 22mph at 10:13pm EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.08") October 0.26" (-1.24" or 17% of normal) annual 41.37" (-0.25" or 99% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 10/10/19 - FRI 10/11/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): some drizzle and light rain early as backside of low pressure at sea to the NNE combined with high pressure to the W and N kept a moist flow across the area in the morning; by mid-day, skies began to clear slowly with sunshine returning mid-to-late afternoon; mostly clear in the evening and overnight; COASTAL FLOOD ADVISORY in effect for minor flooding at times of high tides due to persistent onshore flow over the past few days | temperature range: 57 - 69 - 56 | the average temp this period was 62.5 or 2.5 BELOW normal & WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: NNW through 2PM becoming onshore ENE-NE and at times NNW remainder of the period - peak gust ENE 25mph at 2:19pm EDT | rainfall: period 0.03" (-0.08") event 0.26" October 0.26" (-1.10" or 19% of normal) annual 41.37" (-0.11" or 99% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 10/9/19 - THU 10/10/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): coastal low offshore to NNE and high pressure building in from N combined to reenforce an area of low clouds, occasional light rain and drizzle along the Virginia coast; damp with periodic fog; breeziness continued early period; winds died down and shifted from onshore to NNW late period | temperature range: 65 - 63 - 65 - 59 | the average temp this period was 62.0 or 0.9 ABOVE normal & 4 COOLER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: onshore mostly NE backing at times to N and NW - peak period gust NNW 27mph around 3PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.11" (0.00") October 0.26" (-1.10" or 19% of normal) annual 41.37" (-0.11" or 99% of normal)

=> West Cradock - TUE 10/8/19 - WED 10/9/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): low pressure strengthens offshore and combined with high pressure to the N sent low clouds, some onshore showers and areas of drizzle SW and across the Middle Atlantic; increased breezes with frequent gust to the 20mph range; cooler and damp | temperature range: 68 - 69 - 63 | the average temp this period was 66.0 or 2 ABOVE normal & 7 COOLER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: onshore mostly NE with peak gust NE 30mph at 7:09PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.10" (-0.18") October 0.12" (-1.03" or 10% of normal) annual 41.23" (-0.04" or 100% of normal)

=> West Cradock - MON 10/7/19 - TUE 10/8/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): backside of high pressure along Eastern Seaboard now with cold front from New England SW to the Gulf of Mexico; slow increase in cloudiness from partly cloudy skies early period; temps continued to warm and humidity levels steadily rose; meanwhile, low pressure developed along trough offshore SE US over Gulf Stream and sent 0.02" worth of light showers across this station between 4 and 4:30 AM EDT close to post-time | temperature range: 62 - 84 - 71 | the average temp this period was 73.0 or 8 ABOVE normal & 1 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: mostly S through MIDNIGHT EDT becoming onshore variable NE to E to SE remainder of period - peak gust 160 20mph at 3:07PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.02" (-0.27") October 0.02" (-1.14" or 2% of normal) annual 41.13" (-0.15" or 97% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 10/6/19 - MON 10/7/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure along Eastern Seaboard and in Western Atlantic slowly shifted seaward; temps warmed and were more humid as winds shifted in from the SSE | temperature range: 63 - 82 - 62 | the average temp this period was 72.0 or 6 ABOVE normal & 6 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: becoming SSE with peak period gust SSE 24mph at 12:08PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.08") October 0.00" (-0.57" or 0% of normal) annual 41.11" (+0.42" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 10/5/19 - SUN 10/6/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure ridged further S along the Eastern seaboard; locally, variably cloudy skies, breezy onshore flow with gusts to near 25 mph; continued dry and noticeably cooler; winds diminish after midnight | temperature range: 62 - 70 - 63 | the average temp this period was 66.0 or at NORMAL & 3 COOLER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: mainly NE through ENE - peak period gust NE 24mph around 4PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.05") October 0.00" (-0.51" or 0% of normal) annual 41.11" (+0.48" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 10/4/19 - SAT 10/5/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): still warm, humid, with some hazy first hour of period; but cold front came through from the N by 8AM EDT with variably cloudy skies which became mostly sunny/fair remainder of period; cooler, drier with temps dropping to the lower 60s by post-time; onshore flow developed with breezes gusting to the 20-30 mph range | temperature range: 73 - 77 - 61 | the average temp this period was 69.0 or a whopping 1.5 ABOVE normal & 13 COOLER than the average temp of the previous period; | winds: SSW as period began shifting into the NNW by 8AM then on to the NE-ENE balance of the period - peak gust NE 30mph at 11:47AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.18") October 0.00" (-0.48" or 0% of normal) annual 41.11" (+0.51" or 101% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 10/3/19 - FRI 10/4/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): warm, hazy high pressure covered the area early; then with onshore front moving S along the coastal plain and inland, temps cooled off dropping from 91 early afternoon to the upper 70s by sunset; overnight coastal front washes out with winds becoming SSW once again until post-time; sunny/fair skies for the most part; ground fog early period, then hazy; NEW RECORDS: the hi temp 10/3/19 of 91 at 1:26PM EDT established a NEW STATION MAX HI TEMPERATURE RECORD for the date. The previous record was 90 set in 1986; the low temp 10/3/19 of 73 at 7:01AM EDT TIED THE STATION MAX LOW TEMP RECORD for the date. The previous record was set in 2012 | temperature range: 73 - 91 - 73 | the average temp this period was 82.0 or a whopping 15 ABOVE normal & 2 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period; | winds: WSW-WNW-NW through mid-AM became ENE through SSE until early AM 10/4/19; then SSW to SW after 2AM EDT - peak gust NE 18mph at 1:50PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.11") October 0.00" (-0.30" or 0% of normal) annual 41.11" (+0.69" or 102% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 10/2/19 - THU 10/3/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure over the East stretching from east of New England SW to the Southern US continued the dry, unseasonable, record warm/hot temps locally; in fact, the hi temp 10/2/19 of 93 at 4:17PM EDT established a NEW STATION MAX HI TEMP RECORD for the date. The previous record was 87 set in 1986; some haze again as winds remained generally light | temperature range: 68 - 93 - 73 | the average temp this period was 80.5 or a whopping 13 ABOVE normal & 4.5 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period; | winds: SSW to SW - peak gust SW 16mph at 1:07PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.10") October 0.00" (-0.20" or 0% of normal) annual 41.11" (+0.79" or 102% of normal)

=> West Cradock - TUE 10/1/19 - WED 10/2/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure over the East, centered over VA, provided another pleasant period with slowly increasing temps, mostly sunny/clear skies, some haze early period; high reoriented offshore mid-ATL and SErn US overnight into early 10/2/19 | temperature range: 68 - 84 - 68 | the average temp this period was 76 or a whopping 11 ABOVE normal & 2.5 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: onshore NE through SE early became SSW in the afternoon; then a period of SSE winds evening through MIDNIGHT EDT; S & SW late period - peak gust SW 14mph at 5:23AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.11") September 2.31" (-3.17" or 42% of normal) October 0.00" (-0.10" or 0% of normal) annual 41.11" (+0.99" or 102% of normal) | web: http://genserva.com/wxr

West Cradock - MON 9/30/19 - TUE 10/1/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure centered with axis NE to SW across the Middle Atlantic; despite a period of cloudiness late night through post-time, continued mostly sunny/fair skies and pleasant temps; ongoing haziness | temperature range: 72 - 78 - 68 | the average temp this period was 73 or a whopping 6.5 ABOVE normal & 1.5 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: onshore NE-ENE-E - peak gust ENE 22 at 2:28PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.25") September 2.31" (-3.17" or 42% of normal) October 0.00" (-0.10" or 0% of normal) annual 41.11" (+0.99" or 102% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 9/29/19 - MON 9/30/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): back-door/coastal front moved S across the Middle Atlantic bringing cooler, but still humid onshore flow; sunny/fair/hazy skies early with increasing onshore/maritime stratus cloudiness mid-afternoon through balance of the period; high pressure moved S into the area | temperature range: 71 - 84 - 72 | the average temp this period was 77.5 or a whopping 10 ABOVE normal & 1 COOLER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: SW early became onshore NE to ENE 11AM through balance of period (EDT) - peak gust ENE 23mph at 2:53PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.11") September 2.31" (-2.80" or 45% of normal) annual 41.11" (+1.36" or 103% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 9/28/19 - SUN 9/29/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): warm front pushing inland over the Carolinas' and Virginia coasts sent temps and relative humidity levels much higher under mostly sunny/fair/clear skies on the backside of high pressure at sea with expected back-door cool front progged for next period; extremely warm temps; in fact, the low temperature 9/28/19 of 73 at 6:29AM EDT in the West Cradock area of Portsmouth TIED THE STATION MAXIMUM LOW TEMPERATURE RECORD for the date. The previous record was set in 2015. | temperature range: 73 - 90 - 71 | the average temp this period was 80.5 or a whopping 20 ABOVE normal & 2.5 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: became S to SW with peak gust WSW 19mph at 1:43PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.08") September 2.31" (-2.69" or 46% of normal) annual 41.11" (+1.47" or 104% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 9/27/19 - SAT 9/28/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): FROPA settled S through VA into NC; high pressure builds into the Middle Atlantic with more sunshine, clear, fair skies; "cooler" temps compared with last period; scattered -SHRA near the area (N=>NNE) late period but nothing recorded here | temperature range: 73 - 83 - 73 | the average temp this period was 78 or 7 ABOVE normal & 1 COOLER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: NE to ENE to SSE through 11PM EDT becoming SSE to S thereafter - peak gust ENE 23mph around 10AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.18") September 2.31" (-2.61" or 47% of normal) annual 41.11" (+1.55" or 104% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 9/26/19 - FRI 9/27/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): plenty of sunshine/fair/clear skies on either side of surface/"cold" front that moved through mid-evenAPWU caring; continued dry FROPA locally; lowering dew points/relative humidity and pleasant temps late period after a hot afternoon 9/26/19 | temperature range: 68 - 90 - 73 | the average temp this period was 79 or 8.5 ABOVE normal & 8.5 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: S to SW early becoming NW then N then onshore mid-evening through post-time - peak gust ENE 23mph at 2:05AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.22") September 2.31" (-2.44" or 49% of normal) annual 41.11" (+1.72" or 104% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 9/25/19 - THU 9/26/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): continued good weather with high pressure in the Western Atlantic with onshore warm front moving WNW to bring warmer, more humid temps late period; some ground fog early on the 25th | temperature range: 58 - 82 - 67 | the average temp this period was 70 or BELOW normal & WARMER the average temp of the previous period | winds: VARIABLE early becoming mostly ENE then S through late afternoon followed by SSE to S surface flow remainder of period - peak gust SSE 18mph at 6:03PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.22") September 2.31" (-2.22" or 51% of normal) annual 41.11" (+1.94" or 105% of normal)

=> West Cradock - TUE 9/24/19 - WED 9/25/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak surface front moved ESE across the locale switching winds into the NNW through NNE and bringing cooler temps; skies remained sunny/clear; nice AM through afternoon breezes diminished remainder of the period | temperature range: 71 - 82 - 59 | the average temp this period was 70.5 or 1 ABOVE normal & 5.5 COOLER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: SW early becoming NNW through ENE in the AM through about 4PM; then, diminishing winds NE through ENE remainder of period - peak gust 045 21mph at 9:57AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.12") September 2.31" (-2.01" or 54% of normal) annual 41.11" (+2.15" or 106% of normal)

=> West Cradock - MON 9/23/19 - TUE 9/24/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): no change in the wxr; high pressure offshore entire Eastern US continued a SSW to SW flow with warm, dry (afternoon) temps and some nice breezes | temperature range: 65 - 87 - 71 | the average temp this period was 76.0 or 6 ABOVE normal & 1 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: mostly SSW and SW - peak gust 220 22mph at 11:30AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.17") September 2.31" (-1.89" or 55% of normal) annual 41.11" (+2.27" or 106% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 9/22/19 - MON 9/23/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): as high pressure centered in the Western Atlantic continued to shift to the east with S to SW breezes bringing warmer afternoon temps and increasing humidity; more bright sunny/fair/clear skies | temperature range: 63 - 87 - 65 | the average temp this period was 75.0 or 4 ABOVE normal & 6 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: mostly S to SSW - peak gust 220 21mph at 12:20PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.16") September 2.31" (-1.72" or 57% of normal) annual 41.11" (+2.44" or 106% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 9/21/19 - SUN 9/22/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): center of massive high pressure governing Eastern US the past 4-5 days shifted to offshore by post-time; no change in conditions... continued sunny/clear skies with below normal late summer/early fall-like temps; light winds | temperature range: 55 - 83 - 64 | the average temp this period was 69.0 or 3 BELOW normal & 5 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: became S to SW - peak gust S 17mph at 4:27PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.22") September 2.31" (-1.57" or 60% of normal) annual 41.11" (+2.59" or 107% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 9/20/19 - SAT 9/21/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): huge high pressure continues over the Eastern half of the US; continued sunny/clear skies with below normal late summer/early fall-like temps; variable light winds with high pressure centered over the Middle Atlantic | temperature range: 51 - 77 - 55 | the average temp this period was 66.0 or 5.7 BELOW normal & 5 WARMER than the average temp of the previous period | winds: CALM early, then NE-N-NW becoming S mid-through-late afternoon; S to SSE winds during the evening diminishing near CALM again overnight - peak gust S 15mph at 3:01PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.16") September 2.31" (-1.36" or 63% of normal) annual 41.11" (+2.80" or 107% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 9/19/19 - FRI 9/20/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): expansive high pressure over the Eastern half of the US continued to dominate the weather; continued mostly sunny/fair/clear skies and pleasant temps with nice onshore breezes mainly during sunlight hours | temperature range: 65 - 71 - 51 | the average temp this period was 61.0 or 10.8 BELOW normal & 8 cooler than the average temp of the previous period | winds: onshore NE - peak gust NE 24mph as the period began and again around 1PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.13") September 2.31" annual 41.11"

=> West Cradock - WED 9/18/19 - THU 9/19/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): expansive high pressure over the Eastern half of the US continued to build S into and beyond SRN FL! Here, partly cloudy skies (attribute to onshore flow), nice breezes, lower humidity readings | temperature range: 69 - 74 - 64 | the average temp this period was 69.0 or 2.7 BELOW normal & 5 cooler than the average temp of the previous period | winds: onshore NE - peak gust NE 29mph at 10:50AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 September 2.31" annual 41.11"

=> West Cradock - TUE 9/17/19 - WED 9/18/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): ongoing southward movement of high pressure over the NE ridging SSW into central GA; FROPA just as the period began; few periods of cloudiness with a "bay effect" instability SHRA near NOON EDT; otw, lots of sunshine/fair/clear skies with pleasant onshore breezes which gusted to near 30mph | temperature range: 71 - 80 - 67 | the average temp this period was 74.5 or 2 ABOVE normal & 2 cooler than the average temp of the previous period | winds: mostly onshore NE-ENE with peak gust ENE 30mph at 4:12PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.08") September 2.31" (-0.96" or 71% of normal) annual 41.11" (+3.20" or 108% of normal)

=> West Cradock - MON 9/16/19 - TUE 9/17/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure continued to strengthen over the Middle Atlantic with a shot of cooler air moving S along the East Coast states almost to the area at post-time; mostly sunny/clear/fair skies during the period | temperature range: 69 - 84 - 69 | the average temp this period was 76.5 or 4 ABOVE normal & 1 cooler than the average temp of the previous period | winds: NNW through 10AM becoming NE-N-NE and ENE in the afternoon until 6PM; thereafter, SSE light-to-near-CALM surface flow - peak gust NNW 16mph at 10:08AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00 (-0.20") September 2.31" (-0.88" or 72% of normal) annual 41.11" (+3.28" or 109% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 9/15/19 - MON 9/16/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure pushed a "washed-out" surface front across the Middle Atlantic; partly sunny daylight hours with a brief light instability shower/sprinkle in the afternoon; then fair to clear skies overnight, generally light winds, diminishing to CALM overnight; early & late period ground fog, some haze | temperature range: 70 - 85 - 69 | the average temp this period was 77 or 4 ABOVE normal & the same average as the average temp of the previous period | winds: SSE early, then NE-ENE-SSE through mid-evening diminishing to light to near-CALM from the E thereafter - peak gust SSE 17mph at 4:28PM EDT | rainfall: period TRACE (-0.32") September 2.31" (-0.67" or 78% of normal) annual 41.11" (+3.49" or 109% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 9/14/19 - SUN 9/15/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure ridged down the coastal states from New England south to the Carolinas; mostly onshore flow steadily becoming ESE then SSE; few light instability type SHRA in the warm humid air during the afternoon (TRACE); skies becomine partly cloudy to fair late period; light breezes | temperature range: 70 - 86 - 70 | the average temp this period was 77 or 3 ABOVE normal & 0.5 cooler than the average temp of the previous period | winds: onshore mostly NE/ENE early, becoming SSE late afternoon through period's end - peak gust SSE 18mph around 3:50PM EDT | rainfall: period TRACE (-0.12") September 2.31" (-0.35" or 87% of normal) annual 41.11" (+3.81" or 110% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 9/13/19 - SAT 9/14/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): a few residual onshore showers after FROPA late last period; mostly cloudy skies with some peeks at the sun in the late afternoon; FROPA settled into the Carolinas with much cooler, still humid temps & refreshing onshore breezes as high pressure built over the Western Atlantic waters | temperature range: 73 - 76 - 68 | the average temp this period was 72 or 1 BELOW normal & 5 cooler than the average temp of the previous period | winds: onshore mostly ENE - peak gust was ENE 25mph around 1PM EDT | rainfall: period TRACE (-0.13") September 2.31" (-0.24" or 91% of normal) annual 41.11" (+3.92" or 111% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 9/12/19 - FRI 9/13/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure weakened over the lower Middle Atlantic with cold front heading S from New England late period; very warm with late season lower 90s in the afternoon; some haze then too; large area of TSRA developed in the evening moving S through SErn VA late period after midnight; rather high number of lightning strikes for nocturnal event here with the system leaving 0.63" and then moved S into NC; gusty winds with the TSRA | temperature range: 72 - 91 - 73 | the average temp this period was 81.5 or 8 ABOVE normal & 4.5 ABOVE the average temp of the previous period | winds: SW through late AM becoming VARIABLE then onshore in mid-to-late afternoon followed by shift into the NNE to ENE late night as FROPA moved through - peak gust was ENE 34mph at 1:32AM EDT establishing a NEW DAILY STATION WIND GUST RECORD surpassing the 32mph on 2018 | rainfall: period 0.63" (-0.12") September 2.31" (-0.23" or 91% of normal) annual 41.11" (+3.93" or 111% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 9/11/19 - THU 9/12/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure ridged from New England S into the SE US early period that reorients WSW to NNE over the SE and Middle Atlantic; continued sunny/fair skies, humid & warm temps, some haze, light winds; some local early period patchy GF | temperature range: 66 - 88 - 72 | the average temp this period was 77.0 or 3 ABOVE normal & the 1 ABOVE the average temp of the previous period | winds: light SE to S early period becoming S-SSW-SW balance of the period - peak gust was S 17mph at 2:50PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.03") September 1.68" (-0.62" or 73% of normal) annual 40.48" (+3.54" or 110% of normal)

=> West Cradock - TUE 9/10/19 - WED 9/11/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure ridged from New England coast S into the coastal plains of the SE US; mostly sunny/fair skies, mild-to-warm temps, humid, some ground fog | temperature range: 70 - 83 - 66 | the average temp this period was 76.0 or 1.5 ABOVE normal & the same average temp as in the previous period | winds: mostly onshore NE to ENE through 3PM EDT becoming mostly ESE remainder of the period - peak gust was ENE 20mph at 11:19AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.16") September 1.68" (-0.59" or 74% of normal) annual 40.48" (+3.57" or 110% of normal)

=> West Cradock - MON 9/9/19 - TUE 9/10/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): wavering stationary front across SErn VA slips further S into NErn NC by late period; SHRA and TSRA early period move across NErn NC and offshore early period staying just to the S; afternoon scattered SHRA and TSRA develop again but to the SW and S of West Cradock afternoon 9/9/19; overall, partly cloudy skies at worst, but mostly fair, warm, humid with light winds as high pressure ridges down the East Coast coastal plain from New England to NC; ongoing periods of haze with early period ground fog | temperature range: 73 - 82 - 70 | the average temp this period was 76.0 or 0.5 ABOVE normal & 2.5 less warm than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: mostly onshore NE-ENE - peak gust was ENE 19mph at 11:19AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.21") September 1.68" (-0.44" or 79% of normal) annual 40.48" (+3.72" or 110% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 9/8/19 - MON 9/9/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure continued with stationary front across NC with areas of energy passing along the wavy front; thus, partly cloudy skies with scattered TSRA popping up to the E and S of station in SErn VA late afternoon and again late night; increased humidity, haze and ground fog, continued mild to warm temps | temperature range: 70 - 87 - 73 | the average temp this period was 78.5 or 4 ABOVE normal & 2 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: rather VARIABLE but mostly light onshore NE through ENE - peak gust was NE 19mph at 3:23PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.46") September 1.68" (-0.23" or 88% of normal) annual 40.48" (+3.93" or 111% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 9/7/19 - SUN 9/8/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): In the aftermath of Hurricane Dorian, weak high pressure settled back over the Middle Atlantic; far more pleasant wxr - sunny skies (some clouds late period) temps ranging from the 60s to the mid-80s, generally light winds; ground fog early and again late period | temperature range: 64 - 85 - 68 | the average temp this period was 76.5 or 1 ABOVE normal & 5.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: NNW early backing to the WSW through 5PM; then, SSE winds through 11PM EDT followed by ESE - peak gust was SSE 16mph at 5:27PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.46") September 1.68" (+0.23" or 116% of normal) annual 40.48" (+4.39" or 112% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 9/6/19 - SAT 9/7/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): Hurricane Dorian moved NE across Cape Hatteras and to well-E of SRN VA by early afternoon; tropical storm conditions continued at the station with SHRA, +SHRA in squalls and increasing winds early, gusting frequently and to a peak gust of NE 52mph at 9:46AM EDT; tornado watch early period, with flash flood watches, flood warnings, storm surge warnings, and coastal flood warnings; no flooding at the station as the 1.68" of storm total rain fell across quite a few hours between THU evening and early FRI afternoon; cloudy skies cleared late period with sunshine and ground fog at post time | temperature range: 74 - dropping to 69 - 64 | the average temp this period was 69 or 4 BELOW normal & 11.5 cooler than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: gusty NE through NOON EDT backing into the NNW then NW remainder of period - peak gust again was 52mph from the NE at 9:46AM EDT | rainfall: period 1.05" (+0.86") storm total 1.68" September 1.68" (+0.32") annual 40.48" (+4.48" or 112% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 9/5/19 - FRI 9/6/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): as Hurricane Dorian moved offshore up the SE US coast, clouds here thickened and, with time, early light winds increased from the NE with several gusts into the 30 to 48 mph range by post-time; flash flood, tropical storm, storm surge, tornado watches and warnings were issued through the period; a few showers late afternoon and just before midnight with actual Dorian SHRA and squall rains arriving 2:30AM EDT | temperature range: 76 - 86 - 73 | the average temp this period was 80.5 or 5 ABOVE normal & 0.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: light early strengthening to gusty ENE in late afternoon and evening to tropical storm force winds late from the NE - peak gust NE 48mph just before post-time (6-7AM 9/6/19) | rainfall: period/storm 0.63" (+0.36") September 0.63" (+0.36") annual 38.85" (+3.05" or 109% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 9/4/19 - THU 9/5/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): the calm before the storm with weak high pressure across the Middle Atlantic as Hurricane Dorian moved NE just offshore SE US and intensifying slightly late period off the SC coast; tropical storm related watches and warnings issued for the area; skies fair/partly cloudy early becoming variable cloudy overnight; temps rise to the upper 80s in the afternoon; continued generally light winds | temperature range: 71 - 89 - 75 | the average temp this period was 80.0 or 4 ABOVE normal & 1.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: CALM early becoming mostly S to SW through midnight, diminishing to light-to-near CALM and SSE - gust S 17mph at 10:49AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.31") September 0.00" (-0.79" or 0% of normal) annual 38.80" (+3.37" or 110% of normal)

=> West Cradock - TUE 9/3/19 - WED 9/4/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): reinforcing shot of slightly cooler air arrived during late AM/early afternoon; skies mostly sunny/clear/fair thru' the period with generally light winds which shifted to onshore | temperature range: 70 - 87 - 71 | the average temp this period was 78.5 or 2 ABOVE normal & 1 less warm than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: WSW then NNW through noon becoming onshore mostly ENE-SSE through the evening becoming onshore due E after midnight - gust ENE 20mph at 1:51PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.34") September 0.00" (-0.49" or 0% of normal) annual 38.80" (+3.67" or 110% of normal)

=> West Cradock - MON 9/2/19 - TUE 9/3/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure still over the Middle Atlantic with reinforcing shot of slightly cooler air and a wind shift approaching post-time 9/3/19 (7AM EDT); warm temps through the period, generally light winds; humid start and end to period but with afternoon readings more tolerable | temperature range: 74 - 89 - 70 | the average temp this period was 79.5 or 3 ABOVE normal & 0.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: mostly onshore ENE through SE & SSE until midnight followed by light SW winds overnight - gust SSE 21mph at 6:02AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.09") September 0.00" (-0.33" or 0% of normal) annual 38.80" (+3.83" or 111% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 9/1/19 - MON 9/2/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure held over the Middle Atlantic with center moving across the NE to the coast; mostly onshore flow held temps down a bit (mid-80s); continued humid early and late nite during period; drier in the afternoon; some nice breezes mainly during sunlit hours | temperature range: 73 - 85 - 74 | the average temp this period was 79.0 or 1 ABOVE normal & 2.0 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: mostly onshore and mostly ENE through SSE - gust NE 21mph at 9:06AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.17") September 0.00" (-0.25" or 0% of normal) annual 38.80" (+3.91" or 111% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 8/31/19 - SUN 9/1/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure over the Middle Atlantic got some reinforcement from high pressure building E from the OH Valley and New England; actual surface front settles through the area in mid-afternoon and evening with winds becoming onshore E then SE then SE to S through the overnight becoming NNE late period; ongoing sunny/mostly clear skies; despite onshore flow, temps climb to 90 but drop back in the late afternoon; some AM ground fog early period | temperature range: 64 - 90 - 69 | the average temp this period was 77.0 or NORMAL & 1.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period; the average temperature for AUGUST 2019 was 79.1 or 0.7 ABOVE normal | winds: mostly SSW through about NOON EDT becoming E then SE then SSE remainder of the period as surface front settled S into SRN VA - gust SSE 19mph at 6:03PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.20") August 6.65" (+1.11" or 120% of normal) September 0.00" (-0.26"" or 0% of normal) annual 38.80" (+4.16" or 112% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 8/30/19 - SAT 8/31/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure holds over the Middle Atlantic with sunny/clear skies, generally light winds, mild to warm temps and lowering humidity readings in the afternoon; some morning ground fog | temperature range: 64 - 87 - 64 | the average temp this period was 75.5 or 2 BELOW normal & 2 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: WSW-SW-SSW 7PM becoming SSE until 10PM EDT, then light to near CALM SSW overnight - gust WSW 16mph at 1:17PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.14") August 6.65" (+1.26" or 123% of normal) annual 38.80" (+4.31" or 112% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 8/29/19 - FRI 8/30/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure builds over the area bringing pleasant weather: sunny/clear skies, mild/warm temps, lower humidity levels in the afternoon, nice breezes through late afternoon | temperature range: 71 - 83 - 64 | the average temp this period was 73.5 or 4.8 BELOW normal & 3.5 cooler than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: NNW & N through late afternoon becoming and diminishing to E & SE through the evening & overnight - gust NNW 23mph at 10:27AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.15") August 6.65" (+1.39" or 126% of normal) annual 38.80" (+4.44" or 113% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 8/28/19 - THU 8/29/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): early period low clouds with a short period of -SHRA & DZ (with fog) on Tropical Storm Erin's NW edge as it gradually begins to pull seaward out to the NE; skies begin to clear to partly to variably cloudy in the afternoon as the sun makes another appearance; warmer temps with the sunshine and NNW surface flow | temperature range: 74 - 83 - 71 | the average temp this period was 77.0 or 0.4 BELOW normal & 1 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: onshore mostly NNW (but a period of onshore winds 2 to 4PM EDT; winds subside gradually through the evening & overnight - gust ENE 19mph at 7:12AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.01" (-0.19") August 6.65" (+1.55" or 130% of normal) annual 38.80" (+4.60" or 113% of normal)

=> West Cradock - TUE 8/27/19 - WED 8/28/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): onshore flow persists with mostly cloudy skies (altho's several short periods of some sunshine), occasional light showers and drizzle; damp but pleasant breezes and temps; keeping eyes on low well-offshore SE states as it increased in intensity overnight, taking on tropical storm (ERIN) characteristics; storm expected to remain at sea and be pushed NE at sea by incoming cold front; | temperature range: 71 - 79 - 73 | the average temp this period was 76.0 or 2.4 BELOW normal & 3 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: onshore NE to ENE - gust NE 19mph around 1PM EDT & NE 19mph around 5PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.10" (-0.17") August 6.64" (+1.63" or 133% of normal) annual 38.80" (+4.68" or 114% of normal)

=> West Cradock - MON 8/26/19 - TUE 8/27/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): onshore flow continued to increase as pressure gradient tightened between high pressure to the N and low pressure well-to-the-east of coastal SE US; a few spotty showers & drizzle; some morning sun but mostly cloudy skies persisted; refreshing, cooler onshore breezes | temperature range: 71 - 76 - 70 | the average temp this period was 73.0 or 4.3 BELOW normal & 0.5 cooler than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: onshore NE - gust to NE 36mph at 10:58AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.01" (-0.17") August 6.54" (+1.96" or 143% of normal) annual 38.69" (+5.01" or 115% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 8/25/19 - MON 8/26/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): still under influence of marine flow with occasional -SHRA and patchy DZ coming onshore in that flow; mostly cloudy - period of clearing skies evening through early late night. Generous breezes gusting frequently into the 20mph range; high pressure to the N, low pressure to the SSE | temperature range: 72 - 78 - 69 | the average temp this period was 73.5 or 3.5 BELOW normal & 1.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: onshore NE - gust to NE 29mph at 6:31PM EDT | rainfall: period TRACE (-0.07") August 6.53" (+1.99" or 144% of normal) annual 38.68" (+5.04" or 115% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 8/24/19 - SUN 8/25/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure over the Great Lakes continued to spread S into vcnty Srn GA/N FL while low pressure remained disorganized over Ern FL; onshore flow with generous breezes and gusts to near 25 mph through the period; a few spotty -SHRA | temperature range: 72 - 75 - 72 | the average temp this period was 73.5 or 2.8 BELOW normal & 7 cooler than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: onshore NE - gust to NE 25mph at 6:54PM EDT & again NE 25mph at MIDNIGHT EDT | rainfall: period 0.01" (+0.13") 5-day total 2.96" August 6.53" (+2.10" or 147% of normal) annual 38.68" (+5.15" or 115% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 8/23/19 - SAT 8/24/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): partly cloudy, hot, humid conditions with steady breezes on mainly SW winds; cold front pressed NW to SE across VA bringing another round of heavy TSRA & SHRA late afternoon through the evening; gusty winds, downpours, and vivid CG LTG prompting SEVERE THUNDERSTORM, FLASH FLOOD WATCHES & ADVISORIES into early evening; FROPA moved through between 5:30 & 6:30PM EDT; late night was cloudy with a brief sprinkle or two; NEW RECORD RAINFALL 1.34" for 8/23/19 surpassing the previous record for the date of 0.93" set here in 2005 | temperature range: 73 - 91 - 70 | the average temp this period was 80.5 or 4.5 ABOVE normal & 2.5 less warm than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: mainly SW before FROPA shifting into the NNW through NE remainder of the period - gust NNW 30mph at 6:55PM EDT | rainfall: period/storm 1.34" (+1.24") 4-day total 2.95" August 6.52" (+2.23" or 152% of normal) annual 38.67" (+5.28" or 116% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 8/22/19 - FRI 8/23/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): trough over Virginia in upper flow combined with abundant sunshine, rising air and considerable moisture to produce a line of TSRA which moved through early evening with gusty winds, vivid lightning, and heavy rains; mixed with sunshine, generally partly cloudy, hot, humid; post-evening storm, variably cloudy skies | temperature range: 74 - 95 - 73 | the average temp this period was 84.0 or 4 ABOVE normal & 2.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: generally SW with ongoing hourly breezes 15 to 20mph; TSRA gust WNW 37mph at 7:21PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.67" (+0.60") August 5.18" (+1.02" or 124% of normal) annual 37.33" (+4.07" or 112% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 8/21/19 - THU 8/22/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): continued weak high pressure over VA and a weak upper trough positioned over center of state NE to SW; trough did trigger a 2nd day of TSRA development early afternoon; much needed 0.91" of rain fell in 75 mins; partly cloudy skies | temperature range: 75 - 89 - 74 | the average temp this period was 81.5 or 4 ABOVE normal & 2.5 less warm than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: mostly SW to SSW - gust S 29mph at 1:44PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.91" (+0.84") August 4.51" (+0.43" or 111% of normal) annual 36.66" (+3.48" or 110% of normal)

=> West Cradock - TUE 8/20/19 - WED 8/21/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): little change in the weather with weak high pressure covering the Middle Atlantic and a weak upper trough positioned over central Virgina; trough did trigger scattered local SHRA & TSRA development late afternoon into mid-evening; plenty of cloudy to cloud LTG noted with heavy rolling boomers (thunder) noted after sunset; light TSRAs here; increased breeziness during the sunlight hours under partly cloudy skies; increase of humidity evening and overnight | temperature range: 73 - 95 - 74 | the average temp this period was 84.0 or 6 ABOVE normal & 0.5 less warm than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: mostly SSW to SW - gust S 19mph at 2:43PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.03" (-0.07") August 3.60" (-0.32" or 92% of normal) annual 35.75" (+2.73" or 108% of normal)

=> West Cradock - MON 8/19/19 - TUE 8/20/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure over the Middle Atlantic and SErn US while trough extends through central VA; the latter triggered widely scattered TSRA, one of which popped up about 3 miles NE of this station; sunny/fair skies, hot, humid temps | temperature range: 76 - 96 - 73 | the average temp this period was 84.5 or 7 ABOVE normal & 4 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period; the high temp of 96 on 8/19/19 TIED THE STATION MAX TEMP RECORD set previously in 2002 | winds: mostly S to SW with gust S 19mph at 1:49PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.17") August 3.57" (-0.24" or 94% of normal) annual 35.72" (+2.81" or 109% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 8/18/19 - MON 8/19/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): coastal low pulls NE off the Mid-Atlantic and SE US; lots of rain with this system that remained SE of the station altho' extreme SErn VAB did get some measureable showers; weak high pressure strenthens in wake of low but warm, humid conditions persist as surface flow backs from early onshore & variable winds into the becomes SE through SW late period again late period; partly cloudy skies | temperature range: 73 - 88 - 74 | the average temp this period was 80.5 or 2 ABOVE normal & 1 less warm than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: VARIABLE but mostly onshore NE-SE through early evening; then, SE through S overnight - peak gust NNW 14mph at 1:56PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.25") August 3.57" (-0.08" or 98% of normal) annual 35.72" (+2.97" or 109% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 8/17/19 - SUN 8/18/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure over VA while moisture from small low advances to the NNE along the Carolinas' coasts; partly cloudy skies with sprinkle late afternoon as SHRA develops overn Nrn Portsmouth and SWrn Norfolk; light winds, higher humidity | temperature range: 75 - 89 - 73 | the average temp this period was 81 or 1.5 ABOVE normal & 0.5 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: VARIABLE through 2PM becoming mainly S to SSW balance of the period - peak gust SSW 17mph at 4:53PM EDT | rainfall: period TRACE (-0.21") August 3.57" (+0.17" or 105% of normal) annual 35.72" (+3.22" or 110% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 8/16/19 - SAT 8/17/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): stationary front wavered across SErn VA & NErn NC; a few spotty SHRA and TSRA across the area but no precip recorded here; continued quite humid with light winds | temperature range: 73 - 89 - 74 | the average temp this period was 81.5 or 2.7 ABOVE normal & 2 warmer than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: variable early becoming mostly SSE to S through late period, then NNW between 6AM EDT & post-time - peak gust S 21mph at 5:00PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.13") August 3.57" (+0.33" or 110% of normal) annual 35.72" (+3.38" or 110% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 8/15/19 - FRI 8/16/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): with wavering front across SErn VA/NErn NC showers early period with variably cloudy skies to follow and a few showers and thunderstorms again late afternoon; warmer and more humid with some fog, especially late night | temperature range: 75 - 85 - 73 | the average temp this period was 79.5 or 1 ABOVE normal & 3 cooler than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: mostly onshore NE through E and SSE becoming NNW late period - peak gust ENE 21mph at 3:21PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.21" (-0.03") August 3.57" (+0.43" or 114% of normal) annual 35.72" (+3.48" or 111% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 8/14/19 - THU 8/15/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): couple of energy fields coming through the hot, humid Middle Atlantic brought a mix of clouds and sunshine with develop SHRA and TSRA at times with heaviest activity remaining to the N and S of this station; however, did record a light SHRA with thunder jus to the NE in the early evening with another heavier SHRA mid-evening (0.37"); some fog with rain and some haze in the afternoon; hot temps reached the lower 90s; special wxr statement issued for said storms in the evening which expired by late evening; variably cloudy overnight | temperature range: 74 - 92 - 74 | the average temp this period was 83.0 or 4.8 ABOVE normal & 1 cooler than the average temperature of the previous period | winds: most S & SW through 7PM when SHRA/TSRA activity brought VARIABLE winds overnight - peak gust ENE 17mph at 8:56PM EDT | rainfall: period/storm 0.37" (+0.05") August 3.36" (+0.58" or 121% of normal) annual 35.51" (+3.62" or 111% of normal)

=> West Cradock - TUE 8/13/19 - WED 8/14/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weakening high pressure over the Mid-Atlantic; advancing front from the NW provided energy with lift and increased humidity over VA, all leading to development of SHRA and TSRA along a front moving from central/ERN VA southwest into Central NC; diminished activity as the front moved through the station locale with only a trace of rain noted here in early evening while +TSRA moved through to the N and to the SSW; some haze; increased breezes late AM through the evening | temperature range: 73 - 91 - 73 | the average temp this period was 82.0 or 3.5 ABOVE normal & 4 ABOVE the average temperature of the previous period | winds: most S & SW - peak gust S 25mph at 4:20PM EDT | rainfall: TRACE (-0.27") August 2.99" (+0.48" or 119% of normal) annual 35.14" (+3.53" or 111% of normal)

=> West Cradock - MON 8/12/19 - TUE 8/13/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure still covered New England S along the East Coast to SErn US; some haze; warm temps reaching 90 once again with high humidity early and late period | temperature range: 66 - 90 - 72 | the average temp this period was 78.0 or 1 BELOW normal & the same as the previous period's average temp | winds: SE to SSE then S - peak gust SSE 21mph at 5:53PM EDT | rainfall: 0.00" (-0.28") August 2.99" (+0.69" or 130% of normal) annual 35.14" (+3.74" or 112% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 8/11/19 - MON 8/12/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure continued cover the Middle Atlantic; sunny/clear/fair skies prevailed with warm temps (altho' the avg. was 2 BELOW normal) | temperature range: 70 - 87 - 67 | the average temp this period was 77.0 or 2 BELOW normal & 0.5 less warm than the previous period's average temp | winds: VARIABLE mostly onshore NE thru' 5PM EDT becoming SSE to SE thereafter - peak gust NNW 15mph at 1:15PM EDT | rainfall: 0.00" (-0.28") August 2.99" (+1.00" or 150% of normal) annual 35.14" (+4.05" or 113% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 8/10/19 - SUN 8/11/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure continued to build-down the Middle Atlantic coastal plain during the period bringing "cooler" temps and less humidity especially in the afternoon; NNW to N to onshore surface flow; some haze some high clouds late afternoon into the overnight | temperature range: 73 - 86 - 69 | the average temp this period was 77.5 or 2.5 BELOW normal & 4 less warm than the previous period's average temp | winds: NW, WNW & W through late afternoon becoming onshore ENE-E-ESE-SE thereafter - peak gust NNW 20mph at 10:02AM EDT | rainfall: 0.00" (-0.14") August 2.99" (+1.33" or 180% of normal) annual 35.14" (+4.38" or 114% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 8/9/19 - SAT 8/10/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak surface front moved SSE across Srn VA late FRI triggering scattered SHRA and TSRA just S of this station and still in VA; that activity moved SSE; only a few drops of rain here with thunder heard to the SSE; mostly sunny skies, hot temps but with fairly low afternoon humidity, and generally light winds and some haze; some high clouds overnight | temperature range: 71 - 92 - 72 | the average temp this period was 81.5 or 2 ABOVE normal & 2 warmer than the previous period's average temp | winds: a period of NW & W winds early, then mostly SW & S - peak gust SW 21mph at 5:31PM EDT | rainfall: TRACE (-0.18") August 2.99" (+1.47" or 196% of normal) annual 35.14" (+4.52" or 115% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 8/8/19 - FRI 8/9/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure, weak trough over SErn VA/NErn NC; in wake of previous period's storms, the air stabilized a bit and there was no local activity in the afternoon this period despite high humidity and abundant sun; did, however, get some towering clouds in late afternoon; mostly fair skies overnight; some period haze | temperature range: 70 - 90 - 71 | the average temp this period was 79.5 or NORMAL & 1 "cooler" than the previous period's average temp | winds: WNW-WSW-SW with gust to WSW 19mph at 3:09PM EDT | rainfall: 0.00" (-0.14") August 2.99" (+1.64" or 221% of normal) annual 35.14" (+4.69" or 115% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 8/7/19 - THU 8/8/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure over the area with embedded trough moving across VA that triggered record rainfall from +TSRA in late afternoon, diminishing to SHRA in the evening; considerable CG LTG; SEVERE TS WATCH AND WARNINGS ISSUED ALONG WITH FLOOD WARNINGS FOR AREA; only minor street flooding here at station; 1.57" of record rain came in 40mins between 4:20 & 5PM EDT; some groundfog at sunrise & fog with heavy rains in afternoon storm; showers tapered off through the evening; partly cloudy skies for the period, quite humid with hot temps right before the storm; NEW DAILY RECORD RAINFALL 8/7/19 1.88" surpassing the 1.74" same date 1991 | temperature range: 69 - 92 - 69 | the average temp this period was 80.5 or 2 ABOVE normal & 1.5 warmer than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly S & SW - peak gust ENE 28mph at 4:23PM EDT | rainfall: period/storm 1.88" (+1.73") August 2.99" (+1.78" or 246% of normal) annual 35.14" (+4.83" or 116% of normal)

=> West Cradock - TUE 8/6/19 - WED 8/7/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure over the area with abundant sunshine and clear/fair skies; humidity high (residual SHRA moisture) early & late period, lower in the afternoon and early evening | temperature range: 69 - 89 - 74 | the average temp this period was 79 or NORMAL & 2.5 warmer than the previous period's average temp | winds: NNW early becoming S & SW for most of the period with some occasional partially onshore SSE breezes late afternoon and evening - peak gust SW 16mph at 3:01PM EDT | rainfall: 0.00" (-0.00") August 1.11" (+0.09" or 108% of normal) annual 33.26" (+3.14" or 110% of normal)

- West Cradock - MON 8/5/19 - TUE 8/6/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): surface front became mostly stationary across VA/NC border vicinity; partly cloudy skies with periods of light rain and fog (AM and evening); very humid with ill-defined, light winds; not as warm | temperature range: 71 - 83 - 70 | the average temp this period was 76.5 or 4 BELOW normal & 5 cooler than the previous period's average temp | winds: ill-defined; VARIABLE through 2PM EDT becoming mostly E through the SSE until mid-evening; then mostly SW through midnight becoming ESE shifting into the NW late period closer to post-time - peak gust SE 14mph at 6:01PM EDT | rainfall: 0.15" (-0.08") August 1.11" (+0.31" or 139% of normal) annual 33.26" (+3.36" or 111% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 8/4/19 - MON 8/5/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure with trough moving through and significant lift from surface S winds in the afternoon led to partly cloudy skies, late afternoon TSRA & SHRA tapering off in the evening; NEW STATION DAILY WIND GUST RECORD 8/4/19 with TS gust S 39mph at 4:50PM EDT | temperature range: 71 - 93 - 70 | the average temp this period was 81.5 or 1 ABOVE normal & 2.0 warmer than the previous period's average temp | winds: VARIABLE early becoming SSE then WNW-WSW till early afternoon; SSE-S late afternoon, becoming SSW-S-SSE late period - peak gust (record 8/4/19) S 39mph at 4:50PM EDT | rainfall: period/storm/event 0.93" (+0.83") August 0.96" (+0.39" or 168% of normal) annual 33.11" (+3.44" or 112% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 7/27/19 - SUN 7/28/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): no change: high pressure continued the pleasant mid-summer conditions with sunny/clear/fair skies, warm temps, lower humidity in the afternoons with light breezes; some light haze | temperature range: 65 - 87 - 65 | the average temp this period was 76 or 4.5 BELOW NORMAL & 1 warmer than the previous period's average temp | winds: ESE early becoming ENE in the afternoon and SE to SSE in the evening - peak gust ENE 18mph at 11:22AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.21") July 5.99" (+1.13" or 123% of normal) annual 31.84" (+3.59" or 113% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 7/26/19 - SAT 7/27/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure continued the pleasant mid-summer conditions with sunny/clear/fair skies, warm temps, lower humidity in the afternoons with light breezes; some light fog early and light haze | temperature range: 67 - 86 - 64 | the average temp this period was 75.0 or 5 BELOW NORMAL & 1.5 lower than the previous period's average temp | winds: NE-ENE through 3PM EDT, then SSE to S through mid evening becoming onshore E'ly thereafter - peak gust ENE 20mph at 11:53AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.15") July 5.99" (+1.30" or 128% of normal) annual 31.84" (+3.76" or 113% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 7/25/19 - FRI 7/26/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure covered the entire Ern US with sunny/clear/fair skies locally, more pleasant temps, lower humidity | temperature range: 69 - 85 - 66 | the average temp this period was 76.5 or 3 BELOW NORMAL & 2.5 warmer than the previous period's average temp | winds: NNW-N-mostly NE to ENE - peak gust NE 19mph at 10:28AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.17") July 5.99" (+1.42" or 131% of normal) annual 31.84" (+3.88" or 114% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 7/24/19 - THU 7/25/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): cloudy skies - post-frontal - worked S and skies cleared through the afternoon with fair skies overnight; gradually, cooler, drier temps arrived; some lingering fog early period after downpours in the previous period | temperature range: 69 - 80 - 68 | the average temp this period was 74.0 or 6 BELOW NORMAL & 0.5 warmer than the previous period's average temp | winds: WNW-NW through about 11AM EDT; then Ne to ENE through midnight, backing to the N-NNWS late period - peak gust NE 22mph at 11:42AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.35") July 5.99" (+1.59" or 136% of normal) annual 31.84" (+4.05" or 115% of normal)

=> West Cradock - TUE 7/23/19 - WED 7/24/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): Day of transition from the hot (with record heat), humid, hazy, height-of-summer conditions to a cold front heralding heavy SHRA & TSRA, cooler, temps, some rain induced fog ahead of expected high pressure building S from New England; FLASH FLOOD watch early period through late afternoon | temperature range: 74 - 79 - 68 | the average temp this period was 73.5 or 7 BELOW NORMAL & 13 lower than the previous period's average temp | winds: SW-then W-then WNW through NOON EDT becoming N to NE through early evening, then NW overnight - peak gust NW 21mph at around MIDNIGHT EDT | rainfall: period 1.68" (+1.32") storm 2.29" July 5.99" (+2.10" or 154% of normal) annual 31.84" (+4.56" or 117% of normal)

=> West Cradock - MON 7/22/19 - TUE 7/23/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): HEAT ADVISORY for the daylight hours; another sunny, warm, humid sunrise but the day promised - and came through! - breezy conditions with a gust around 1PM to 32 mph from the SW; scattered TSRA developed over the area in the evening with distant LTG and only a SHRA here; another area of SHRA and TSRA moved through around 5AM with some strong lightning, little wind, and another 0.60" of rain | temperature range: 79 - 99 - 74 | the average temp this period was 86.5 or 5 ABOVE NORMAL & 2.5 lower than the previous period's average temp | winds: SW-SSW continued with peak breeze gust SW 32mph at 1:07PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.61" (+0.36") July 4.31" (+0.46" or 112% of normal) annual 29.55" (+2.92" or 111% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 7/21/19 - MON 7/22/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): EXCESSIVE HEAT WARNING continued but was changed to a HEAT ADVISORY overnight, late period; sunny/clear/fair with record heat, high humidity, haze, heat indices in excess of 110, haze | temperature range: 79 - 100 - 79 | the average temp this period was 89.0 or 8 ABOVE NORMAL & 0 WARMER/COOLER than the previous period's average temp; the high temp 7/21/19 of 100 at 5:01PM EDT established a NEW STATION MAX TEMP RECORD for the date. The previous record was 99 set in 1977; the low temp 7/21/19 of 78 at 6:18AM EDT TIED THE STATION MAX LOW TEMP RECORD for the date. The previous record was set in 1983 | winds: SW-SSW continued with peak gust SW 22mph around NOON EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.20") July 3.70" (+0.21" or 106% of normal) annual 29.55" (+2.67" or 110% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 7/20/19 - SUN 7/21/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): EXCESSIVE HEAT WARNING continued; sunny/clear/fair with record heat, high humidity and heat indices, haze | temperature range: 78 - 100 - 78 | the average temp this period was 89.0 or 8 ABOVE NORMAL & 2 WARMER than the previous period's average temp; the high temp 7/20/19 of 100 at 4:12PM EDT established a NEW STATION MAX TEMP RECORD for the date. The previous record was 98 set in 1977; the low temp 7/20/19 of 78 at 6:28AM EDT TIED THE STATION MAX LOW TEMP RECORD for the date. The previous record was set in 1998 | winds: SW-SSW with peak gust SW 21mph at 4:28PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.17") July 3.70" (+0.45" or 114% of normal) annual 29.55" (+2.91" or 111% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 7/19/19 - SAT 7/20/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): little change in the weather... EXCESSIVE HEAT WARNING remained in effect; hot, humid, hazy, light winds under sunny/clear/fair skies | temperature range: 74 - 96 - 78 | the average temp this period was 87.0 or 6 ABOVE NORMAL & 1.5 WARMER than the previous period's average temp | winds: S-SW-W-WNW through about 3PM EDT; then mainly S & SW - peak gust S 17mph at 4:16PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.26") July 3.70" (+0.53" or 117% of normal) annual 29.55" (+2.99" or 111% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 7/18/19 - FRI 7/19/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): little change in the weather... HEAT ADVISORY remained in effect until upgraded to a EXCESSIVE HEAT WARNING late period; hot, humid, breezy sunlight hour conditions with partly cloudy skies; distant lightning late evening with SHRA from 11:30PM until 12 MIDNIGHT; another light SHRA around 2:30AM EDT 7/19/19; NEW RECORD TEMP - MAX LOW 78 for 7/18/19 - previously 1986 | temperature range: 80 - 97 - 74 | the average temp this period was 85.5 or 5 ABOVE NORMAL & 3.0 COOLER than the previous period's average temp | winds: S-SSW-SW - peak gust SSW 26mph at 12:46PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.27" (+0.05") July 3.70" (+0.79" or 127% of normal) annual 29.55" (+3.25" or 112% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 7/17/19 - THU 7/18/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure over the SErn US continued to pump hot, humid, sometimes haze conditions across the area with abundant sun and patch cloudiness; very localized pop-up TSRA nearby in the afternoon and overnight with thunder heard to the NE and SSE; but no activity here at this station; heat advisory posted for high heat indices (110-120) 11AM till sunset; generally light winds; NEW RECORD HI (TIED) 98 for 7/17/19 - previously 1988 | temperature range: 78 - 98 - 77 | the average temp this period was 88.5 or 8 ABOVE NORMAL & 2.5 WARMER than the previous period's average temp | winds: S TO SW entire period - peak gust S 21mph at 6:26PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.11") July 3.43" (+0.75" or 128% of normal) annual 29.28" (+3.21" or 112% of normal)

=> West Cradock - TUE 7/16/19 - WED 7/17/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): coastal boundary front moved back to sea allowing for high pressure to settle in from the west bringing hotter temps, increased humidity and some haze under abundant sunshine, partly cloudy skies in the afternoon; generally light winds; two TSRA developed just to the W and NW during early afternoon and moved across the Hampton Roads cities in mid-afternoon with 0.08" here but with far greater amounts across the area; heat indices exceeded 110 | temperature range: 77 - 95 - 77 | the average temp this period was 85.5 or 5 ABOVE NORMAL & 0.5 WARMER than the previous period's average temp | winds: quite VARIABLE but mostly SE-SSE-S-SSW through 2PM becoming steady SSW remainder of period - peak gust in TSRA was SW 24mph AROUND 2pm EDT | rainfall: period 0.08" (-0.07") July 3.43" (+0.86" or 134% of normal) annual 29.28" (+3.32" or 113% of normal)

=> West Cradock - MON 7/15/19 - TUE 7/16/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure remained over the area along with a weak boundary zone (FROPA as period began) with high pressure to the NE ridging down the East Coast to SErn VA; continued sunny/fair skies with haze, light winds, increasing humidity; heat indices rising in the afternoons to between 100 & 110; interaction of the NE & SE US systems at the boundary zone may help produce local SHRA and TSRA mainly in the afternoons 7/16 & 7/17 | temperature range: 81 - 92 - 76 | the average temp this period was 85.0 or 5 ABOVE NORMAL & 1.5 COOLER than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly VARIABLE early NW-N-NE-ENE-N becoming SSE late evening through post-time - peak gust NE 19mph at 9:31AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.17") July 3.35" (+0.93" or 138% of normal) annual 29.20" (+3.39" or 113% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SUN 7/14/19 - MON 7/15/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure remained over; back in the heat on SUN with increased humidity, light winds, some haze; by period's end, coastal surface front moved into the area switching winds into the N and NE with expected slightly cooler temps to follow for 7/15/19 | temperature range: 75 - 95 - 76 | the average temp this period was 85.5 or 5 ABOVE NORMAL & 2.5 WARMER than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly SW-WSW-WNW-NW-NNW through 7PM EDT; SE-S-SW evening through the overnight hours - peak gust WNW 17mph at 3:35PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.19") July 3.35" (+1.12" or 150% of normal) annual 29.20" (+3.58" or 114% of normal)

=> West Cradock - SAT 7/13/19 - SUN 7/14/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weak high pressure remained over; WSW to ENE boundary front across Srn VA with weak impulse aloft that created only some patchy cloudiness early afternoon; no local SHRA/TSRA activity except SSE near Elizabeth City; light winds, drier in the afternoono; hot temps reaching 90 despite dominant onshore flow in the afternoon (which did help keep temps from going even higher) | temperature range: 78 - 90 - 74 | the average temp this period was 82.0 or 2.5 ABOVE NORMAL & 1.5 WARMER than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly W & WNW early becoming onshore NE-E-SE-SSE through the 1AM EDT followed by S to SW late period - peak gust NE 17mph at 12:15PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.25") July 3.35" (+1.73" or 174% of normal) annual 29.20" (+3.89" or 115% of normal)

=> West Cradock - FRI 7/12/19 - SAT 7/13/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): little change in the weather; weak high pressure in wake of SHRA and TSRA late previous period (THU-FRI AM); partly cloudy early, then abundant sunshine, only light wind, quite humid with heat indicies 100+ in the afternoon through early evening; TSRA passed N to E some 20 miles N to NE of the station late evening | temperature range: 74 - 91 - 77 | the average temp this period was 83.0 or 4 ABOVE NORMAL & 0.5 COOLER than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly SW-W-WSW through the period - peak gust SSW 23 mph at 9:00AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (+0.15") July 3.35" (+1.61" or 191% of normal) annual 29.20" (+4.06" or 116% of normal)

=> West Cradock - THU 7/11/19 - FRI 7/12/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): weakened high pressure over the lower Mid-Atlantic with SW flow moving across the area with WARMFROPA; partly cloudy skies, hot, more humid but with increased breezes; TSRA and SHRA move across SErn VA mid-evening to just after MIDNIGHT; TSRA wind gust NNW 33mph set a NEW DAILY WIND GUST RECORD for 7/11/19 surpassing the 29mph recorded in 1990; showers end overnight with variably cloudy skies to follow to post-time | temperature range: 77 - 93 - 73 | the average temp this period was 83.0 or 0.5 4 ABOVE NORMAL & 0.5 WARMER than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly SSW-SW-S-SSE through the period - peak gust NNW 33mph at 9:19PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.70" (+0.45") July 3.35" (+1.60" or 191% of normal) annual 29.20" (+4.06" or 116% of normal)

=> West Cradock - WED 7/10/19 - THU 7/11/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure moved off the SE US coast with return-side warm frontal passage overnight; skies mostly sunny/clear; "coolish" temps early period with highs reaching 90 in the afternoon; humidity levels gradually increase with WRMFROPA not long after midnight | temperature range: 67 - 90 - 77 | the average temp this period was 83.0 or 2.5 ABOVE NORMAL & 9.5 WARMER than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly NE-ESE-SSE-S-SW through the period - peak gust SSE 16mph at 11:43AM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.18") July 2.65" (+1.28" or 194% of normal) annual 28.50" (+3.74" or 115% of normal)

=> West Cradock - TUE 7/9/19 - WED 7/10/19 (7AM-7AM EDT): high pressure with cooler air from SErn Canada and New England continued to push S along the Middle Atlantic coastal states southward into the Carolinas; with this system, drier, "cooler" air and sunny/clear skies covered the area; onshore surface flow | temperature range: 75 - 83 - 64 | the average temp this period was 73.5 or 7 BELOW NORMAL & 6.5 COOLER than the previous period's average temp | winds: mostly NE to ENE - peak gust ENE 21mph at 3:35PM EDT | rainfall: period 0.00" (-0.20") July 2.65" (+1.46" or 223% of normal) annual 28.50" (+3.92" or 116% of normal